School Science Lessons
Angiosperms, and other common plants, common names first
2015-06-13
Please send comments to: J.Elfick@uq.edu.au

9.2.3  List of angiosperm plants, common names first
| A. | B. | C. | D. | E. | F. | G. | H. | I. | J. | K. | L. | M. | N. | O. | P. | Q. | R. | S. | T. | U. | V. | W. | Y. | Z. |

A.
abiu, Pouteria caimito, Sapotaceae
acacia, gum arabic tree, Acacia nilotica, Fabaceae
acerola, Florida Sweet, Malpighia glabra, Malpighiaceae
Achiote, lipstick tree, (Bixa orellana), Bixaceae
Aconite, monk's-hood, wolfsbane, (Aconitum napellus), Ranunculaceae
African violet, Usambara violet, (Saintpaulia ionantha), Gesneriaceae
Agave, American aloe, century plant, (Agave americana marginata), Asparagaceae
Agrimony, cocklebur, sticklewort, church steeples, (Agrimonia eupatoria), Rosaceae
aibika, hibiscus cabbage, musk mallow, Pacific cabbage, bele, pele, Abelmoschus manihot, (Hibiscus manihot), Malvaceae
ajowan, Apiaceae
akee, Blighia sapida, Sapindaceae,
albizia, Albizia, Fabaceae
Alehoof, ground ivy, cat's foot, (Glechoma hederacea), Lamiaceae
Alfalfa, lucerne, (Medicago sativa), Fabaceae
Allspice, pimento, (Pimenta dioica), Myrtaceae
almond, sweet almond, Prunus dulcis, (Prunus amygdalus, Amygdalus communis), Rosaceae
aloe, herbal aloe, Aloe vera, Aloaceae
Aloe, Chinese aloe, "First Aid Plant", (Aloe vera), Aloaceae
amaranth, grain amaranth,love-lies-bleeding, careless weed, prostrate pigged, Amaranthus albus, Amaranthaceae
Amazon tree grape, (Pourouma cecropiaefolia), Urticaceae
ambarella, Spondias cytherea, Anacardiaceae
American ground nut, Fabaceae
anemone, pasque flower, Anemone vulgaris, Ranunculaceae
Angelica, (Angelica archangelica), Apiaceae
Anise hyssop, (Agastache foeniculum), Lamiaceae
Anise myrtle, aniseed myrtle, (Syzygium anisatum)
Syzygium anisatum, ringwood or aniseed
Anthoceros, "flower horn", hornwort, Anthoceros neesii, Anthocerotaceae, Bryophyte,
apple, common apple, Malus, X domestica, Rosaceae
apple, Dorsett Golden, Tropical Beauty,  Malus pumila (M. sylvestris), Rosaceae
apple, crab apple, wild apple, Malus sylvestris, Rosaceae
apricot, Prunus armeniaca, (Armeniaca vulgaris), Rosaceae
arracacha, araca, Psidium araca, Myrtaceae
areca palm, betel palm, Areca catechu, Arecaceae
Arla, Mexican sunflower, (Tithonia diversifolia), Asteraceae
arnica, Arnica chamissonis, Asteraceae
arrowhead, Sagittaria sagittifolia, Alismataceae
Arrowroot, achira, Queensland arrowroot, (Canna edulis), Cannaceae
arrowroot, South American arrowroot, (Maranta arundinacea)
Artichoke, Chinese, (Stachys affinis), Lamiaceae
arum lily, Zantedeschia aethiopica, Araceae
asfetida, asfoetida, Apiaceae
ash tree, Fraxinus excelsior, Oleaceae
Asparagus, (Asparagus officinalis), Asparagaceae
aspen tree, common aspen tree, Populus tremula, Salicaceae
astragalus, Astragalus membranaceaus, Fabaceae
atemoya, African Pride, Annona hybrid: sugar-apple (Annona squamosa) x cherimoya (A. cherimola), Annonaceae Australian native lemon grasses, Poaceae
autumn crocus Colchicum autumnale, Liliaceae
avens, common avens, Geum aleppicum, Rosaceae
avocado, Persea gratissima, (Persea americana), Lauraceae
axillaris, Macrotyloma axillare, Fabaceae
azalea, pink azalea, (Rhododendron ferrugineum), Ericaceae
Aztec sweet herb, (Phyla dulcis), Phyla scaberrima, Violaceae
Azolla, water fern, Pteridophyta, Family Azollaceae
Azolla, water fern, mosquito fern, duckweed fern, (Azolla filiculoides), Salviniaceae.
B.
bacupari, Rheedia brasiliensis
bael fruit, Aegle marmelos, Rutaceae
Balm, Lemon balm, (Melissa officinalis)
balm of Gilead, Cedronella canariensis, Lamiaceae
bamboo, common bamboo, Bambusa vulgaris, Poaceae
banana, Cavendish, Musa hybrids
banana, edible banana, Musa acuminata
banksia, coastal banksia, Banksia integrifolia
Barbados gooseberry, Pereskia aculeata
Barbados cherry, Florida Sweet, Malpighia glabra
Barberry, (Berberis vulgaris), Berberidaceae
barley, cereal. Hordeum vulgare, Poaceae
basella, Ceylon spinach, Basella alba
Basil, sweet basil, (Ocimum basilicum), Lamiaceae
basil thyme, calamint, Calamintha acinos, Lamiaceae
basil, wild basil, Calamintha vulgaris
batiki blue grass, smut grass, Ischaemum indicum, Poaceae
bauhinia, Fabaceae
Bay tree, (Laurus nobilis), Lauraceae
beach bean, bay bean, wild jack bean, Canavalia rosea, Fabaceae
bean, broad bean, fava bean, horse bean, field bean, tic bean, Windsor bean, vetch, tare, hairy vetch, Vicia faba, Fabaceae
bean, common bean, French bean, haricot bean, field bean, snap bean, string bean, wax bean, caraota, poroto, Phaseolus vulgaris, Fabaceae
bean, jack bean, common jack bean, pig bean, wonder bean, horse bean, ("awikiwiki, the quick one" Hawaiian name, origin of "wikipedia"), Canavalia ensiformis, Fabaceae,
bean, sword bean, Canavalia gladiata, (C. cathartica), Fabaceae
bean, lavafield jack bean (also "awikiwiki"), Canavalia pubescens, Fabaceae
bean, beach bean, Canavalia rosea, Fabaceae
bean, lima bean, Phaseolus lunatus, (Phaseolus limensis), Fabaceae
bean, scarlet runner bean, runner bean, potato bean, white Dutch runner bean, Phaseolus coccineus, Fabaceae
bean, adzuki bean, red bean use in Chinese bean paste, Phaseolus angularis, (Vigna angularis), Fabaceae
bearberry, Arctostaphylos uva-ursil
beech tree, Fagus sylvatica
beet, red beetroot, table beet, garden beet, red beet, Beta vulgaris
begonia, scarlet begonia, Begonia coccinea
Bergamot, (Monarda didyma), Lamiaceae
belladonna, Solanaceae
bellis perennis, Asteraceae
Bermuda couch, Cynodon dactylon
betel pepper, (leaf eaten with betel palm nut), Piper betle, Piperaceae
betel palm, areca palm, betel nut, Areca catechu, Piperaceae
Betony, (Stachys officinalis), Lamiaceae
bhajhee, Amaranthaceae
bignay, Antidesma bunius
bilimbi,  Averrhoa bilimbi
bindweed, scammony, dwarf morning glory, field bindweed, Convolvulus arvensis
binko, Fabaceae
birch tree, silver birch, European birch, Betula pendula
bird chilli, Capsicum frutescens, Solanaceae
bird’s foot trefoil, (legume), Lotus corniculatus, Fabaceae
bird's nest orchid, Neottia nidus-avis, Orchidaceae
birdwood grass, Cenchrus setigerus, Poaceae
biriba, Rollinia deliciosa
bitter cucumber, bitter gourd, balsam pear, Momordica charantia, Cucurbitaceae
bitter melon, Cucurbitaceae
black currant, European black currant, Ribes nigrum
black mullein, Scrophulariaceae
black nightshade, Solanaceae
black pepper, Piper nigrum
black sapote, Diospyros digyna
blackberry, (bramble), Rubus fructicosus, Rosaceae
Bladderwort, leafy bladderwort, (Utricularia foliosa), Lentibulariaceae
blessed thistle, Asteraceae
bloodflower, Asclepius curassavica.
Blossom bouquet, (Dombeya burgassiae), Malvaceae,
Blue flag, (Iris versicolor)
blueberry, highbush blueberry, Vaccinium corymbosum
bok choy, pak choy, Brassica campestris, Brassicaceae
bombax, Pseudobombax ellipticum alba
borage, Borogo officinalis
Borage, starflower, Borago officinalis
borage, Indian borage, Plectranthus amboinicus, Boraginaceae
borojo, Borojoa patinoi
boronia, Rutaceae
bossiaea, (reduced leaves, cladode), Bossiaea foliosa
bottle gourd, Lagenaria siceraria
bottlebrush, Myrtaceae
bougainvillea, Bougainvillea glabra, Nyctaginaceae
bracken fern, western bracken fern, Pteridium aquilinum
Brahmi, (Barcopa monnieri), Plantaginaceae
Brazilian cherry, Eugenia uniflora, Myrtaceae
breadfruit, Artocarpus altilis
broad bean, fava bean field bean, bell bean, tic bean, Vicia faba, Fabaceae
brocolli, Brassicaceae
Brooklime, (Veronica beccabunga), Scrophulariaceae
broomrape, choke weed, (leafless root parasite), Orobanche ramosa
broomweed, prairie broom weed, Amphiachyris dracunculoides
bruisewort, bellis perennis, Asteraceae
brush cherry, Eugenia paniculata, Myrtaceae
brussel sprouts, Brassicaceae
bryony, white bryony, English mandrake, kua-lou, ladies' seal, Bryonia dioica
buckwheat, Fagopyrum esculentum, Polygonaceae
buffel grass, (cultivar: Biloela), Cenchrus ciliaris, Poaceae
bugle, Ajuga reptans, Lamiaceae
bulbil yam, potato yam, aerial yam, air potato, wild yam, Dioscorea bulbifera
Bulbinella, (Bulbine frutescens), Xanthorrhoeaceae
bulbine lily, Bulbine bulbosa, Xanthorrhoeaceae
buckwheat, Fagopyrum esculentum
Bulbine frutescens, Xanthorrhoeaceae
Bugle, (Ajuga reptan purpurea)
bullock's heart, Annona reticulata
Burdekin plum,  Pleiogynium timorense, (P. cerasiferum)
Burdock, (Arctium lappa), Asteraceae
burrawang palm, (Cycad, Cycadophyta), Macrozamia communis
bush lucerne, Fabaceae
busy lizzie, garden balsam, Impatiens balsamina, (I. sultani, I. walleriana), Balsaminaceae
Butchers broom, (Ruscus aculeatus), Asparagaceae
butter wort, (carnivorous), Pinguicula acris
buttercup, meadow buttercup, Ranunculus acris
Butterfly pea, (Clitoria ternatea, Fabaceae
byfield fern, cycad fern, Bowenia spectabilis C.

C.
cabbage, Brassica oleracea, Brassicaceae
Coffee, caffea arabica, Rubiaceae, caimito, Chrysophyllum cainito
calabura, Muntingia calabura 
Calamint, basel thyme, (Calamintha acinos), Lamiaceae
calamondin, Citrus madurensis, (C. microcarpa), Rutaceae
Calendula, (Calendula officinalis), Asteraceae
calopo grass, Calopogonium mucunoides, Poaceae
camelia, Camelia sasanqua, Theaceae
camomile, Roman camomile, dog fennel, Anthemis nobilis, Asteraceae
camomile, camomile. blue camomile, German camomile, may weed, Matricaria recutita, Asteraceae
camphor, camphor laurel, Cinnamomum camphora, Lauraceae
camu camu, Myrciaria paraensis
Canadian pondweed, Elodea canadensis
Canadian waterweed, Elodea canadensis, (Anacharis), Hydrochariataceae, (tape grass family, monocotyledon)
Canadian turnip, rutabaga, swede, turnip, Brassica napus
cancer bush / sutherlandia, Fabaceae
canistel, Pouteria campechiana
canna, canna lily, Canna amabilis
canola, (from Canada + oleum), (rapeseed cultivars), oil seed rape, Brassica napus X Brassica campestris
cantaloupe melon, Cucumis melo
cape gooseberry, Solanaceae
cape primrose, Streptocarpus
capers, Caparis spinosa inermis
capsicum, If not hot: capsicums, bell peppers, peppers, sweet peppers, green peppers, red peppers, pimiento, ají, Capsicum annuum, Solanaceae
cape gooseberry, Physalis edulis
capsicum, bird chilli, Capsicum frutescens, Solanaceae
capsicum, If hot: chilli, chillies, chilli peppers, hot peppers, tabasco pepper (chilli, chile peppers in USA) chile, guindilla, Capsicum annuum, Solanaceae
Candelabra aloe, tree-like aloe,  (Aloe candelabra), Xanthorrhoeaceae
candlenut, Euphorbiaceae
candlestick cassia, Cassia alata
capulin, Red, Yellow, Prunus salicifolia
carambola, star fruit, five corners, Averrhoa carambola
caraway, Carum carvi, Apiaceae
Cardamom, Black cardamom, hill cardamom, (Amomum costatum), Zingiberaceae
cardboard palm, (Cycad), Zamia furfuracea
cardoon, Asteraceae
carissa, Carissa grandiflora
carnation, pink, clove pink, malmaison, sops-in-wine, gillyvor, gillyflower, carnation, pinks, sweet william, ornamental, Dianthus caryophllus
Carob tree, St John's-bread, (Ceratonia siliqua), Fabaceae
carrageenans, Irish "moss", kelp, (in cough mixtures, Brown algae, Phylum Phaeophyta), Chondrus crispus
carribean, Stylosanthes hamata
carrot, Daucus carota, Apiaceae
cas, Psidium friedrichsthalianum
cashew tree, cashew nut tree, Anarcardium occidentale
cassia, mother of herbs, Lamiaceae
cassava, tapioca, Manihot esculenta, Euphorbiaceae
cassia tree, senna of Cassia, golden shower, (cassia bark, cooking herb), Cinnamomum cassia, Fabaceae
castor oil plant, castor bean, Ricinus communis
cathedral bells, Kalanchoe pinnata
Cat scat plant, scarey cat plant, (Plectranthus caninus)
Cat grass, cocksfoot grass, orchard grass, (Dactylis glomerata), Poaceae
Cat thyme, (Teucrium marum), Lamiaceae
caterpillar plant, Fabaceae
Catnip, (Nepita cataria), Lamiaceae
Cat's whiskers, Java tea, (Orthosiphon stamineus), Lamiaceae
cattley guava, Psidium cattleianum
cauliflower, (flowered cabbage), collard, cabbage, kale, kai-lan, Brussels sprout (cabbage-like buds), kohlrabi, broccoli, Brassica oleracea var., Brassicaceae
cecropia, Cecropia peltata
cedar, incense cedar, Calocedrus decurrens
cedar bay cherry, Eugenia reinwardtiana, Myrtaceae
celery, celeriac, (crisp leaf stalks), Apium graveolens, Apiaceae
centaury, Centaurium vulgare
centro grass, Centrosema pubescens, Poaceae
ceratium, (dinoflagellate, colours the upper ocean red), Ceratium macroceros
cereals, cereal grains, (from grasses), Poaceae
ceriman, Monstera deliciosa
Ceylon peach,. Saharanpur, Prunus persica
Ceylon gooseberry, Dovyalis hebecarpa
Chamomile (camomile), Matricaria chamomilla, Asteracaea
chamomile, Roman chamomile, English chamomile, Chamaemelum nobile,  Asteracaea
chapparal, Larrea tridenta
chara, musk grass, stone wort, (Algae), Chara tomentosa
charichuela, Rheedia macrophylla
Chaste tree, monk's pepper, (Vitex agnus-castus), Valerianaceae
cherimoya, Annona cherimola
cherry, Japanese flowering cherry, (cherry blossom), Prunus serrulata, Rosaceae
cherry of the Rio Grande,  Eugenia aggregata, Myrtaceae
cherry, sweet cherry, Prunus avium, Rosaceae
cherry, sour cherry, Prunus cerasus, Rosaceae
cherry, wild cherry, black cherry, Prunus serotina, Rosaceae
Chervil, garden chervil , (Anthriscus cerefolium), Apiaceae
Chia, (Salvia rhyacophila), Lamiaceae
Chickweed, star wort, (Stellaria media, Caryophyllaceae
chick pea, garbanzo bean, Indian pea, cecci bean, Bengal gram, Cicer arietinum, Fabaceae
chicory, Asteraceae
chilacayote, Cucurbitaceae
Chilli, (Capsicum frutescens), Solanaceae
Chinese artichoke,  wood betony, marsh wound wort, (Stachys affinis), Lamiaceae
Chinese cabbage, bak choi, turnip, rapini, Brassica rapa, (Brassica chinensis)
Chinese date, Zizyphus jujuba
Chinese gooseberry, Actinidia chinensis
Chinese keys, fingerroot, (Boesenbergia pandurata), Zingiberaceae
Chinese lantern, Quincula lobata, Solanaceae
Chinese lantern, Abutilon
Chinese raisin, Hovenia dulcis
Chinese taro, tannia, tana, kong kong taro, cocoyam, Xanthosoma sagittifolium
Chinese watercress, kangkong, (Ipomea aquatica), Convolvulaceae
Chinese yam, (Dioscorea polystachya),  Dioscoreaceae
Chives, onion chives, (Allium schoenoprasum), Amaryllidaceae
chlamydomonas, (Green algae, Phylum Chlorophyta), Chlamydomonas reinhardtii
choko, chatote, vegetable peat, Sechium edule, Cucurbitaceae
chop suey greens, Asteraceae
Christmas fern, shield fern, sword fern, Polystichum acrostichoides
chrysanthemum, X grandiflora, florist's chrysanthemum, florist's daisy, (hybrid), Chrysanthemum X morifolium, Asteraceae
chrysanthemum, pyrethrum, Chrysanthemum cinerariaefolium, Asteraceae
chrysanthemum, (Leucanthemum), daisy, Chrysanthemum majus, Asteraceae
Cinnamon, "true cinnamon", (Cinnamomum verum), Lauraceae
Cinquefoil, (Potentilla reptans), Rosaceae
citron, Citrus medica, Rutaceae
Citronella grass, (Cymbopogon nardus), Poaceae
citrus fruit, (agrumes, sour fruits), lime, orange, pomelo, lemon, citron, grapefruit, mandarin, Citrus, Rutaceae,
clematis, virgin's bower, leather flower, traveller's joy, Clematis brachiata
cleome, spider plant, (flower with very long stamens), Asian spider flower, Cleome viscosa
climbing bean, Phaseolus vulgaris, Fabaceae
closterium, (desmid, Phylum Chlorophyta), Closterium cornu
Clove, (Syzygium aromaticum), Myrtaceae
clover, white clover, (trifoliate leaves), Trifolium repens, Fabaceae
cluster bean, Astragalus gummifer, Fabaceae
cdidium, Cnidium monieri, Apiaceae
cobbler's pegs, (sharp-pointed seeds get in your socks), Bidens pilosa, Asteraceae
coca shrub, (leaves stimulant, contains cocaine alkaloid), Erythroxylon novogranatense, (E. coca)
coco plum, Chrysobalanus icaco
cocoa bean, (used to make chocolate), Theobroma cacao
cocona, Solanum topiro, (S. sessiliflorum), Solanaceae
coconut palm, (a “coconut” is the hard-shelled seed), Cocos nucifera
codonopsis, Codonopsis pilsula
Coffee, (Caffea arabica)
coffee, arabica coffee, Coffea arabica
coffee, robusta coffee, Coffea canephora
Coltsfoot, (Tussilago farafara), Asteraceae
columbine, European columbine, Aquilegia vulgaris
columbus grass, Sorghum almum, Poaceae
Comfrey, common comfrey, true comfrey, (Symphytum officinale), Boraginaceae
Country borage, (Plectranthus amboinicus), Lamiaceae
common bean, Phaseolus vulgaris, Fabaceae
conifer, Phylum Pinophyta, gymnosperm, cone-bearing trees
coral tree, Erythrina
corallina, (coral algae, red sea weed, red algae, Phylum Rhodophyta), Corallina officinalis
cordyline, cabbage tree, Cordyline australis
coriander, Coriandrum sativum, Apiaceae
Coriander, Thai coriander, Mexican coriander (Eryngium foetidum), Apiaceae
cork, (phellem tissue from cork oak), Quercus suber
corn (UK), wheat, Triticum
corn (USA), Indian corn, maize, Zea Mays
cornflower, Asteraceae
corn salad, Valerianella locusta, Valerianaceae
Costmary, (Chrysanthemum balsamita)
cotopriz, Talisia oliviformis
cotton, sea island cotton, Gossypium barbadense
cotton tree, Malvaceae
couch grass, Cynodon dactylon, Poaceae
cowpea, black eye pea, southern bean, China pea, Kaffir pea, marble pea, snake bean, yard long bean, Vigna unguiculata, Fabaceae
cowslip, Primula veris
creeping jenny, trailing loose strife, money wort, yellow flowers, Lysimachia nummularia
cress, garden cress (not "watercress") pepper grass, lepidium cress, Lepidium sativum, Brassicaceae
crocus, Dutch crocus, Crocus vernus
crotalaria, rattle box, shake shake, sunn hemp, Crotalaria indica, Fabaceae
cucumber, garden cucumber, Cucumis sativus, Cucurbitaceae
cumin, Cumium cyninum, Apiaceae
Cup of gold, Hawaiian lily, (Solandra maxima), Solanaceae
curled salad mallow, Malvaceae
currant, European black current, Ribes nigrum
currant, red currant, Ribes rubrum
Curry leaf tree, curry tree, (Murraya koenigii), Rutaceae
Curry plant, (Helichrysm augustifolium), Asteraceae
cycad, Phylum Cycadophyta, gymnosperm

D.
daffodil, jonquil, narcissus, asphodel, lent lily, Narcissus pseudonarcissus
dahlia, red dahlia, Dahlia coccinea
daisy, oxeye daisy, "day's eye", Chrysanthemum leucanthemum, (Leucanthemum vulgare)
daisy. lawn daisy, Bellis perennis
Dandelion, (Taraxacum officinale), Asteraceae
date palm, Phoenix dactylifera
datura, Solanaceae
dawsonia, Dawsonia, Moss, Phylum Bryophyta
Daylily, (Hemerocallis citrina), Xanthorrhoeaceae
dead nettle, (not a nettle and does not sting), henbit, white dead nettle, Lamium album
deadly nightshade, Atropa belladonna
derris, Derris elliptica, Fabaceae
desmodium grass, green leaf desmodium, Desmodium intortum, Poaceae
desmodium grass, silver leaf desmodium, Desmodium uncinatum, Poaceae
devil's apple, Solanaceae
devil's twine, (leafless parasite), Cassytha glabella
dictyota, (Brown algae, Phylum Phaeophyta), Dictyota dichotoma
Dill, (Anethum graveolens), Apiaceae
dinobryon, (Golden Brown algae, Chrysophyta, Chrysophyceae), Dinobryon bavaricum
dock, yellow dock, Rumex crispus, Polygonaceae
dodder, greater dodder, (noxious weed), Cuscuta europea
dog rose, (not rose hip), Rosa canina
Dogbane, amy root, hemp dogbane, (Apocynum cannabinum),  Apocynaceae
dovyalis hybrid, Dovyalis abyssinica x D. hebecarpa
dovyalis, Abyssinian Dovyalis,  Dovyalis abyssinica
downy myrtle, Rhodomyrtus tomentosa
dracaena, dragon's blood, Dracaena draco
drumstick tree, Moringa oleifera, Moringaceae
duboisea, Solanaceae
Dragon's blood clover, (Trifolium repens), Fabaceae
dryopteris, (ferns, Order Filicales, Phylum Pteridophyta, Pterophyta), Dryopteris
duck weed, common duck weed, Lemna minor
durian, Durio zibethinus

E.
East Indian plum, Flacourtia cataphracta
Eastern Saint Paul's wort, (Siegesbeckia orientalis), Asteraceae
echinacea, Echinacea purperea, Asteraceae
eclipta, Eclipta alba, Asteraceae
ecklonia, leather kelp, Brown algae, Phylum Phaeophyta, Ecklonia maxima
ectocarpus, (kelp, hair-like, Brown algae, Phylum Phaeophyta), Ectocarpus silicosis
edible fern, Takuma
eggplant, brinjal, aubergine, Solanum melongena, Solanaceae
egg fruit, Pouteria campechiana
Elder, elderberry, (Sambucus canadensis), Adoxaceae
Elecampane, (Inula helenium), Asteraceae
elephant apple, Rutaceae
elm, American elm tree, Ulmus americana
elm, Chinese elm tree, (invasive), Ulmus parviflora
elodea, Canadian pond weed, water weed, Canadian water weed, Elodea canadensis (Anacharis), Hydrochariataceae
emblic, Phyllanthus emblica
emilia, Esonchifolia encephalartos, (Encephalartos ferox), bread palm, Kaffir bread, prickly cycad, Asteraceae
endive, Asteraceae
Epazote, (Chenopodium ambrosioides), Amaranthaceae
episcia, Episcia
erythrina, machete, cock's spur, coral bean, tiger's claw, Erythrina variegata, Fabaceae
eucalyptus, "gum tree", stingy bark, Eucalyptus oblonga, Myrtaceae
eudorina, (colonial, Green algae, Phylum Chlorophyta), Eudorina elegans
eugenia, euglena, (euglenoids Euglena, Phylum Euglenophyta, single cell, green, one, two flagella), Euglena viridis
Evening primrose, (Oenothera biennis), Onagraceae
everlasting daisy, Asteraceae

F.
False cardamom ginger, small shell ginger, (Alphinia mutica), Zingiberaceae
False daisy, bhringra, (Eclipta prostrata)
Fameflower, (Talinum paniculatum), Portulacaceae
fan worts, Cabomba caroliniana, Cabonbaceae, (water shield family, dicotyledon)
fan palms, Chusan palm, windmill palm, Trachycarpus fortunei
Fat hen, lamb's quarters, (Chenopodium album)
feijoa, Feijoa sellowiana, Myrtaceae
Fennel, sweet fennel, (Foeniculum officinale)
fenugreek, Trigonella foenum-graecum, Fabaceae
fescue, Festuca
Feverfew, (Chrysanthemum parthenium), Asteraceae
field mint, wild mint, Japanese menthol, Mentha arvensis, Lamiaceae
fig, edible fig tree, brown fig, Turkey fig, Ficus carica
Figwort, (Scrophularia nodosa)
Fijian longan, Pometia pinnata
Fishwort, lizard tail, chameleon plant, (Houttuynia cordata)
five corners, carambola, star fruit, Averrhoa carambola
flax, common flax, Linum usitatissimum
flickweed, Brassicaceae
Florida cherry, Eugenia uniflora, Myrtaceae
flour gourd, Cucurbitaceae
French artichoke, crown artichoke, cardoon, (Cynara cardunculus), Asteraceae
French marigold, (Tagetes patula), Asteraceae
fruit root, Asteraceae
Forsythia, (Forsythia suspensa)
four o'clock flower, marvel-of-Peru, beauty-of-the-night, Mirabilis jalapa var. albomaculata
forget-me-not, Boraginaceae
frangipani, temple tree, pagoda tree, Plumeria rubra
frankincense, Boswellia carteri
freesia, Freesia refracta, Iridaceae
Frog fruit, matchweed, (Phyla nodiflora), Verbenaceae
fuchsia, shrubby fuchsia, (hybrid cultivars), Fuchsia paniculata
fuelwood tree, Securingia
fume wort, spring fume wort, Corydalis solida
funaria, (moss, Phylum Bryophyta), Funaria hygrometrica

G.
Galangal, Greater galangal, (Alpinia galanga), Zingiberaceae
gamboge, Garcinia xanthochymus
garden cress, Lepidium sativum
gardenia, Gardenia augusta, (G. jasminoides), Rubiaceae
garlic, cultivated garlic, Allium sativum, Amaryllidaceae
garlic, society garlic, Amaryllidaceae genip, Genipa americana
Geranium, rose-scented geranium, (Pelargonium graveolens), Geraniaceae
geranium, "pelargoniums", "popular geraniums", Pelargonium capitatum, Geraniaceae
geranium, crane's bill. "true geraniums", hinahina, meadow geranium, Geranium pratense, Geraniaceae
gerbera, Transvaal daisy, Barbeton daisy, Gerbera Jamesonii
germander, Lamiaceae
giant granadilla,  Passiflora quadrangularis
giant taro, wild taro, kape, elephant's ear, Alocasia macrorrhiza
gidee-gidee, Fabaceae
gigartina, giant marine kelp, (Red algae, Phylum Rhodophyta), Gigartina atropurpurea
Ginger, garden ginger, (Zingiber officinale), Zingiberaceae
ginger, Japanese ginger, Zingiber mioga, Zingiberaceae
ginger, Zingiber zerumbet, Zingiberaceae
Ginkgo tree, (Ginkgo biloba), Ginkgoaceae
Ginseng, Indian ginseng, ashwagandha, winter cherry, (Withania somnifera)
ginseng, Chinese ginseng, Panax ginseng
ginseng, Panax pseudoginseng
ginseng, Indian ginseng, Withania somnifera, Solanaceae
ginseng, Korean ginseng, elecampane tonic wine, Inula helenium
Granadilla, Giant Granadilla, (Passiflora quadrangularis), Passifloraceae
Gypsywort, bugleweed, Lycopus europaeus, Lamiaceae
gladiolus, cornflag, ever flowering gladiolus, Gladiolus tristis
gliricidia, (cocoa shade), Gliricidia
gnetum, (mormon tea, Phylum Gnetophyta), jointfir, buko, Gnetum gnemon
goji berry, Lycium barbarium, Solanaceae
Goat's rue, (Galega officinalis), Fabaceae
Golden dragon, (Impatiens repens), Balsaminaceae
Golden rod, (Solidago canadensis), Asteraceae
gonium, (colonial algae,Green algae, Phylum Chlorophyta), Gonium pectorale
gooseberry, European gooseberry, Ribes uva-crispa, Solanaceae
gorse, furze, common gorse, Ulex europaeus
Gotu kola, (Centella asiatica), Apiaceae
gourd, bottle gourd, Lagenaria siceraria, Cucurbitaceae
governor's plum, Flacourtia indica, (F. ramontchi
granadilla, purple granadilla, Passiflora edulis
grape, muscadine, wine grape, Vitis vinifera
grapefruit, Citrus X paradisi (C. maxima X C. sinensis), Rutaceae
grass, Tropical grasses and pasture legumes: 6.9.6.11
grass, (Formerly family Gramineae, now family Poaceae), (Cereals, cereal gains, grains are grasses.)
Greater celandine, (Chelidonium majus), Papaveraceae
green sapote, Calocarpum viride
green gram bean, Phaseolus aureus, Fabaceae
green panic, Panicum maximum
greengage plum, Prunus domestica cultivar, Rosaceae
grevilleas, silky oak (silky oak), Grevillea robusta
grewia, Tiliaceae
grosella, Phyllanthus acidus
Ground ivy, alehoof, cat's foot, Glechoma hederacea, Lamiaceae
groundnut, Arachis hypogaea, Fabaceae
groundsel, gray rag wort, Senecio canus, Asteraceae
grumichama, Eugenia dombeyi, (E. brasiIiensis), Myrtaceae
guanabana, Annona muricata
guar tree, Cyamopsis tetragonobolus, Fabaceae
guarana, Paullinia cupana
guava, Myrtaceae
guava, cattley guava, Psidium cattleianum
guava, pineapple guava, strawberry guava, Feijoa sellowiana
guava, mangrove berry, Psidium guajava
guava berry, Myrciaria floribunda
Guinea grass, hamil grass, (cultivar: Hamil), Panicum maximum, Poaceae
Gumbi gumbi, (Pittosporum phylliraeoides)
gutta-percha, (natural rubber), Palaquium oblongifolium
gymnodinium (Phylum Pyrrophyta, naked dinoflagellate, causes red tide), Gymnodinium galatheanum

H.
hakea, silky hakea, Hakea sericea
hanging fork fern, hanging rock fern, Tmesipteris parva
hardy orange, Poncirus trifoliata
Hawaiian baby woodrose, woolly morning glory, (Argyreia nervosa), Convolvulaceae
hawthorn, common hawthorn, single-seeded hawthorn, crataegus monogyna, Rosaceae
Hawthorn, fireberry hawthorn, (Crataegus chrysocarpa), Rosaceae
haya blanca, Guatteria caribaea
hazelnut, common hazelnut, Corylus avellana
Heartsease, (Viola tricolor), Violaceae
heather, Calluna vulgaris
Heliotrope, turnsole, cherry pie, (Heliotropium peruviana), Boraginaceae
hemp fibre plant, Indian hemp, marijuana, Cannabis sativa
henbane, Solanaceae
Henna tree, mignonette tree, Egyptian privet, (Lawsonia inermis), Lythraceae
herb hottentot, Lamiaceae
Herb robert, storksbill, (Geranium robertianum), Geraniaceae
herb of grace, Bacopa monnieri, Plantaginaceae
Herb of healing, false sea onion, (Ornithogalium caudatum), Hyacinthaceae
Herbert River cherry, Antidesma dallachyanum
hetero grass, johnstone grass, Desmodium heterophyllum, Poaceae
hibiscus, rosemallow, mahoe, Hibiscus lunarifolius, Malvaceae
hibiscus cabbage, aibika, bele, pele, Abelmoschus manihot, (Hibiscus manihot)
hibiscus, Cranberry hibiscus, Hibiscus acetosella, Malvaceae
Holly, common holly, English holly, (Ilex aquifolium), Aquifoliaceae
hollyhock, Alcea rosea, Malvaceae
honesty, money plant, annual honesty, Lunaria annua
honeydew melon, Cucumis melo indorus
Honeysuckle, (Lonicera periclymenum), Caprifoliaceae
hoop pine, Araucaria cunninghamii
horehound, Marrubium vulgare hormosira, Neptune's necklace, sea grapes, bubble weed, (kelp, Brown algae, Phylum Phaeophyta), Hormosira banksii
horn worts, (Phylum Anthocerotophyta), e.g. Anthoceros, Dendroceros, Felioceros, Notothyles, Phaeoceros
horn worts, (coon's tail), Ceratophyllum demersum, Ceratophyllaceae, (horn wort family, dicotyledon)
horse chestnut tree, common horse chestnut, conker, buckeye, Aesculus hippocastanum
Horse hoof grass, bleeding heart, (Dicentra repens), Poaceae
Horseradish, (Armoracia rusticana), Brassicaceae
horsebean, Vicia faba var. equina, Fabaceae
horseradish, Brassicaceae
hyacinth, golden hyacinth, Hyacinthus orientalis
hydrangea, wild hydrangea, Hydrangea arborescens
Hyssop, (Hyssopus officinalis), Lamiaceae

I.
Ice plant, common ice plant, (Mesembryanthemum crystallinum), Aizoaceae
icecream bean, Fabaceae
ilama, pink ilama, white ilama, Annona diversifolia
imbe, Garcinia livingstonei
imbu, Spondias tuberosa
Incense grass, sweet grass, (Hierochloe odorata), Poaceae
Indian fig, Opuntia ficus indica
Indian ginseng, winter cherry, (Withania somnifera), Solanaceae
Indian hemp, Cannabis sativa
Indian hill goosebery, Rhodomyrtus tomentosa, Myrtaceae
Indian pennywort, Bacopa monnieri, Plantaginaceae
Indian rennet, panirband (Withania coagulans), Solanaceae
Indian tobacco, (Lobelia inflata), Campanulaceae
indigo, Indigofera australia, Fabaceae
inga, Inga spp.
iris, blueflag, Iris versicolor, Iridaceae
ivory nut palm, Phytelephas macrocarpa
ivy, English ivy, Hedera helix
ivy, poison ivy, rhus tree "natural lacquer", Toxicodendron radicans, Anacardiaceae

J.
jaboticaba, Myrciaria cauliflora, Myrtaceae
jackfruit, kathal, jaca, Artocarpus heterophyllus
Jade, (Portulacaria afra), Portulacaceae
Jamaica cherry, Muntingia calabura
jambolan, Myrtaceae
Jasmine, arabian jasmine, (Jasminum sambacis), Oleaceae
Jasmine, night-blooming jasmine, night-scented jasmine, Cestrum nocturum, Solanaceae
Jasmine, Spanish jasmine, Royal jasmine, Jasminum grandiflorum, Oleaceae
Java plum, jambolan, (Syzygium cumini), Myrtaceae
Java tea, cats whiskers, Orthosiphon stamineus, Lamiaceae
jelly palm, Butia capitata
Jerusalem artichoke, sunflower artichoke, (Helianthus tuberosa), Asteraceae
jicama, Fabaceae
jimson weed, Datura stramonium, Solanaceae
Job's tears, (Coix lacryma-jobi), Poaceae
jonquil, Narcissus jonquilla
jujube, Indian jujube, Malay jujube, Zizyphus mauritiana
jujube, Chinese jujube, Zizyphus jujuba
Juniper tree, common juniper, (Juniperus communis), Cupressaceae
jute, Corchorus olitorius, Tiliaceae

K.
Kaffir lime, (Citrus hystrix), Rutaceae
Kaffir plum, Harpehyllum caffrum, Anacardiaceae
kale, Brassicaceae
kamarere, Eucalyptus deglupta
kantikari, Solanaceae
kapok, pochote, Ceiba pentandra
karanda, Carissa carandas
kava, Piperaceae
kei apple, Dovyalis caffra
kelp (large sea weeds, Algae, Phaeophyceae, Laminariales), e.g. Ecklonia
Kenkur, aromatic ginger, (Kaempheria galanga), Zingiberaceae
ketemfe, Thaumatococcus danielli
Kidney-root, joe-pie weed, trumpet weed, (Eupatorium purpureum), Asteraceae
kikuyu grass, elphant grass, Pennisetum clandestinum, Poaceae
King of bitters, (Andrographis paniculata), Acanthaceae,
king orange, Citrus nobilis, Rutaceae,
kitembilla, Dovyalis hebecarpa
kiwi fruit, Actinidia deliciosa
kiwi fruit, Actinidia chinensis
Knotweed, marshpepper, (Polygonum hydropiper),  Polygonaceae
kola nut, Cola acuminata, Cola nitida
koronivia grass, Brachiaria humidicola, Poaceae
kudzu, Pueraria montana, var. lobata, (P. lobata), Fabaceae
kumquat, round kumquat, (marumi), Fortunella japonica, Rutaceae
kumquat, sweet kumquat, (meiwa), Fortunella crassifolia, Rutaceae
kumquat, oval kumquat, (nagami),  Fortunella margarita, Rutaceae
kurrajong tree, whiteflower kurrajong, Brachychiton populneum
kuwini, Mangifera odorata
kwaimuk, Artocarpus hypargyreus

L.
lablab bean, Lablab purpureus, Fabaceae
Lady's bedstraw, yellow bedstraw, (Galium verum), Rubiaceae
lady's love, Rosaceae
Lady's mantle, common lady's mantle, (Alchemilla vulgaris), Rosaceae
laminaria, olive-brown kelp, Japanese kombu, (Brown algae, Phylum Phaeophyta), Laminaria ephemera
langsat, Lansium domesticum
lantana, Lantana camara, Valerianaceae
larch trees, tamarack, (Conifers Phylum Pinophyta), European larch, Larix decidua
larkspur, delphinium, staves acre, house wort, two lobe larkspur, Delphinium nuttallianum
Lavender, (Lavendula angustifolia), Lamiaceae
Lebanese cress, (Apium nodiflorum), Apiaceae
leaf ginseng, Portulacaceae
leek, garden leek, Allium porrum, Amaryllidaceae
leek lily, Bulbine semibarbata, Xanthorrhoeaceae
legumes, Tropical grasses and pasture legumes
lemon, Meyer lemon, Citrus limon, Rutaceae
lemon (Citrus × limon), Rutaceae
lemon balm, Melissa officinalis, Lamiaceae
lemon barcopa, caroliniana, Plantaginaceae
Lemon grass, (Cymbopogon citratus), Poaceae
lemon myrtle, Myrtaceae
Lemon savory, African savory, (Satureja biflora), Lamiaceae
Lemon verbena, (Aloysia triphylla) Verbenaceae
lentil, Lens culinaris, Fabaceae
leptospermum, Myrtaceae
lesser yam, Dioscorea esculenta
lesser celandine (Ranunculus ficaria)
lettuce, Lactuca sativa, Asteraceae
leucaena, white lead tree, Leucaena leucocephala, Fabaceae
Licorice, liquorice, (Glycyrrhiza glabra), Fabaceae
lilac tree, Syringia vulgaris
Lilly pilly, powderpuff lilly pilly, (Syzygium wilsonii), Myrtaceae
lily, tiger lily, Lilium lancifolium
lime, thornless lime, Tahiti or Persian lime, Citrus latifolia, Rutaceae
lime, Spanish lime, Melicocca bijuga
lime (fruit), Citrus aurantifolia, Rutaceae
lime, Australian finger lime, Rutaceae
lime, Kaffir lime, Rutaceae
limeberry, Triphasia trifolia
linden tree, lime tree, Tilia europaea, (T. cordata X T. platyphyllos), Tiliaceae
lingaro, Eleagnus philippensis
linseed, Linum usitatissimum
Lion's ear, (Leonotis nepetifolia), Lamiaceae
Lion's tail, hottentot, (Leonotis leonurus), Lamiaceae
licorice, liquorice, Glycyrrhiza glabra, Fabaceae
lobelia, Lobelia inflata, Campanulaceae
loco weed, stagger weed, Astragalus
loganberry, Rubus X loganobaccus, Rosaceae
long bean, Cucurbitaceae
longan, kohala, Euphoria longana
loofah, sponge gourd, Luffa aegyptiaca, Cucurbitaceae
loquat, Eriobotrya japonica
loranthus, mulberry mistletoe, Ramulus loranthis
lotononis, Lotononis bainesii
lotus, sacred lotus, Nelumbo nucifera
Lovage, (Levisticum officinale), Apiaceae
love-in-a-mist, Nigella damascena
lovi-lovi, Flacourtia inermis
lucerne, Medicago sativa, Fabaceae
lucerne, bush lucerne, Fabaceae
lucerne, tree lucerne, Fabaceae
lucmo, Pouteria obovata
lungwort, Boraginaceae
lupin, lupine, fleshy lupine, Lupinus affinis, Fabaceae
lychee, litchi, Litchi chinensis

M.
mabolo, (Diospyros blancoi, D. discolor)
maca, Brassicaceae
macadamia nut, rough shell, (Macadamia tetraphylla)
macadamia nut, Queensland nut, (Macadamia integrifolia)
macrocystis, bull kelp, giant kelp, Brown algae, Phylum Phaeophyta, thickens ice cream, (Macrocystis pyrifera)
Madagascar periwinkle, (Vinca rosea)
madruno, (Rheedia madruno)
maidenhair tree, ginkgo, (Ginkgo biloba), Ginkgoaceae
maize, corn, sweet corn, Indian corn, (Zea mays), Poaceae
Malay apple, mountain apple, (Syzygium malaccense), Myrtaceae
male ferns, shield ferns, wood ferns, autumn ferns, southern wood fern, (Dryopteris ludoviciana)
Mallow, common mallow, (Malva sylvestris), Malvaceae
mallow, common mallow, buttonweed, (Malva neglecta), Malvaceae
mamey apple, Mammea americana
mamey sapote, Calocarpum sapota, (Pouteria sapota)
mamoncillo, Melicocca bijuga, (Melicoccus bijugatus)
mandarin orange, Citrus reticulata, Rutaceae
mandrake, Mandragora officinarum, Solanaceae
mangaba, Hancornia speciosa
mango, Mangifera indica
mangosteen, purple mangosteen, Garcinia mangostana, Clusiaceae
mangrove, black mangrove, Avicennia germinans
mantle, Rosaceae
maple, boxelder, sugar maple, Acer saccharum
maprang, Bouea macrophylla
marchantia, (Liverwort, Phylum Hepatophyta), Marchantia foliacia
marigold, African marigold, Tagetes erecta, Asteraceae
marigold, French marigold, Tagetes patula, Asteraceae
Marigold, pot marigold, (Calendula officinalis), Asteraceae
marijuana, Cannabis sativa
Marjoram, (Origanum marjoranama), Lamiaceae
marmalade box, Genipa americana
marrow, squash, kiwano, Cucumis metuliferus
marsh marigold, cowslip, yellow marsh marigold, Caltha palustris
Marshmallow, common marshmallow (Althea officinalis), Malvaceae
marshmallow, Althea sylvestris, Malvaceae
marsilea, (aquatic fern), Marsilea drummondi
mastigocladus (thermophilic, lives in hot springs, Blue-green algae, Cyanobacteria), Mastigocladus laminosus
matasano, Casimiroa edulis
may apple, Podophyllum
Maya breadnut, Brosimum alicastrum
meadow sweet, Spirea ulmaria
Meadowsweet, (Filipendula ulmaria), Rosaceae
melaleuca, Myrtaceae
Melilot, common melilot, yellow melilot, (Melilotus officinalis), Fabaceae
Mexican marigold, (Tagetes erecta), Asteraceae
Mexican mint marigold, Spanish tarragon, (Tagetes lucida), Asteraceae
meyer lemon, Citrus X meyeri, Rutaceae
Michaelmas daisy, New England aster, Symphyotrichum novae-angliae
midyim, Myrtaceae
mildew, powdery mildew, (Erysiphales, Phylum Ascomycota, ascomycetes), powdery mildew of grapes, Erysiphe necator
milk thistle, Asteraceae
millet, Eregrostis tef
millet, finger millet, Eleusine coracana, Poaceae
millet, foxtail millet, Setaria italica, (Panicum italicum), Poaceae
millet, pearl millet, Pennisetum glaucum, Poaceae
millet, common millet, hog millet, white millet, (white proso millet, birdseed millet), Panicum miliaceum, Poaceae
Mimosa bush, fragrance acacia, (Acacia farnesiana)
Mint, garden mint, spearmint, (Mentha spicata), Lamiaceae
Miracle fruit, miracle berry, (Synsepalum dulcificum), Sapotaceae,
mistletoe, (monotypic genus, parasite), Loranthus europaeus
molasses grass, Melinis minutiflora, Poaceae
mombin, purple or red mombin, Spondias purpurea
mombin, yellow mombin, Spondias mombin
money plant, Brassicaceae
Moneywort, creeping jenny, (Lysimachia nummularia), Primulaceae
mosquito fern, water fern, floating fern, Azolla pinnata
monsterio, Monstera deliciosa, Araceae
moss, (Phylum Bryophyta, Musci), e.g. Catharinea, Dawsonia, Funaria, Mnium, Polytrichum, Sphagnum, Stricta
mother-in-law's tongue, snake plant, Sansevieria trifasciata
Mother of herbs, Indian borage, (Plectranthus amboinicus), Lamiaceae
Motherwort, (Leonurus cardiaca), Lamiaceae
Moneywort, creeping jenny, (Lysimachia nummularia), Primulaceae
mouse ears, Asteraceae
mucuna, Fabaceae
Mugwort, common wormwood, (Artemisia vulgaris), Asteraceae
mukunuwenna, Amaranthaceae
purple mukunuwenna, Amaranthaceae
Mullein, common mullein, velvet plant, (Verbascum thapsus), (Verbascum thapsus), Scrophulariaceae
Mullein, black mullein, (Verbascum nigrum), Scrophulariaceae
mung bean, green gram bean, Vigna radiata, (Phaseolus aureus), Fabaceae
muntingia, Muntingia calabura
Mushroom plant, (Rungia klossii), Acanthaceae,
musk grass, stone worts, (submerged aquatic plants, Green algae, Phylum Chlorophyta), Chara tomentosa
mustard, black mustard, table mustard, Brassica nigra, Brassicaceae
mustard, white mustard, yellow mustard, (mustard and cress sandwich), Sinapsis alba, (Brassica alba, Brassica hirta), Brassicaceae
mustard, brown Indian mustard, Brassica juncea, Brassicaceae
myrobalan, Phyllanthus emblica
myrobalan, Phyllanthus amarus
myrrh, Commiphora abyssinica
Myrtle, common myrtle, (Myrtus communis)
myrtle, culinary myrtle, Myrtus communis, Myrtaceae
myrtle, rose myrtle, Rhodomyrtus tomentosa
Mysore raspberry, Rubus albescens

N.
namnam, Cynometra cauliflora
nance, Byrsonima crassifolia
naranjilla, Solanum quitoense, Solanaceae
Nasturtium, (Tropaeolum majus), Tropaeolaceae
Natal plum, Carissa grandiflora
native rasberry, Rosaceae
natural turpentine, Abies balsamea
natural lacquer, Toxicodendron vernicifluum
nauclea, Nauclea esculenta
navicula (boat-shaped diatom, Phylum Bacillariophyta), Navicula tripunctata
nectarine, Rosaceae
Neem tree, (Azadirachta indica), Meliaceae
nemalion, (Red algae, Phylum Rhodophyta), Nemalion
nereocystis, (giant kelp, Brown algae, Phylum Phaeophyta, thickens ice cream), Nereocystis luetkaena
Nettle, common nettle, stinging nettle, (Urtica dioica), Urticaceae
New Zealand Christmas bells, Peruvian lily, (Alstroemeria pulchella), Alstroemeriaceae
ngali nut, Canarium
nigella, devil in the bush, Spanish fennel, black cumin, Nigella sativa
nipa palm, Nypa fruticans
nispero, Manilkara zapota
nitella, Nitella clava Amaryllidaceae nutmeg, Myrtaceae
Nutmeg bush, (Tetradenia riparia), Lamiaceae,

O.
oats, Poaceae
ochromonas, (golden / golden brown algae, Phylum Chrysophyta), Ochromonas danica
odontella, (marine diatom, Phylum Bacillariophyta), Odontella
oedogonium, (Green algae, Phylum Chlorophyta, Oedogonium, Oedogonium cardiacum
oil palm, African oil palm, Elaeis guineensis
oil of wintergreen, Gaultheria procumbens
okra, gumbo, lady's finger, lady finger, Abelmoschus esculentus, (Hibiscus esculentus), Malvaceae
olax, Olax stricta
oleander, Nerium oleander
olive, Olea europaea
olosapo, Couepia polyandra
onion, Allium cepa var. cepa, Amaryllidaceae
onion, tree onion, Amaryllidaceae
ophiocytium, (Yellow-Green Algae, Phylum Xanthophyta), Ophiocytium apiculatum
opium poppy, Papaver somniferum, Papaveraceae
orange, sweet orange, Citrus X sinensis, Rutaceae
orach, Atriplex hortensis
Oregano, wild marjoram, (Origanum vulgare), Lamiaceae
orchid, military orchid, Orchis militaris
Oregon grape, Berberis aquifolium, Berberidaceae
Orris root, (Iris florentina), Iridaceae
Oscillatoria, (Blue-green algae / Cyanobacteria, Phylum Cyanidophyta), Oscillatoria princeps
Otaheite gooseberry, Phyllanthus acidus
Otaheite apple, Spondias cytherea
oxalis, wood sorrel, Oxalis acetosella

P.
paddy's lucerne, Sida rhombifolia, Malvaceae
padina, (Brown algae, Phylum Phaeophyta), Padina pavonica
palm grass, fan-leafed pit pit, Setaria palmifolia, Poaceae
Palmarosa, Indian geranium, (Cymbopogon martinii), Poaceae
palmarosa Cymbopogn marini motia
palms, Arecaceae, monocotyledon, e.g. coconut palm Cocos nucifera, oil palm Elaeis guineensis, betel palm Areca catechu
Panama berry: Red, Yellow Muntingia calabura
Pandan, rumpa, (Pandanus amaryllifolius), Pandanaceae
pandorina, (Green algae, Phylum Chlorophyta), Pandorina morum
pangola grass, Digitaria eriantha, Poaceae
pansy,European field pansy, Viola arvensis, Violaceae
Pápalo, Bolivian coriander, (Porophyllum ruderale), Asteraceae
papalo, Porophyllum ruderale macrocephalum
papaya, pawpaw, Carica papaya
papaya, babaco, (hybrid: C. stipulata X C. pubescens), Carica pentagona
papaya, mountain papaya, Carica pubescens
paperbark tree, Melaleuca alternifolia
para grass, Brachiaria mutica, Poaceae
para grass, Urochloa mutica, Poaceae
parsley, curly leaf parsley, Petroselinum crispum, Apiaceae
parsnip, Pastinaca sativa, Apiaceae
paspalum, crown grass, Paspalum hieronymi, Poaceae
Passionfruit, purple passionfruit, (Passiflora edulis)
Patchouli, (Pogostemon patchouli), Lamiaceae
paulownia, Scrophulariaceae
pea, garden pea, table pea, Pisum sativum var. hortense, Fabaceae
pea, field pea, Pisum sativum var. arvense, Fabaceae
peach palm, Bactris gasipaes
peach, Prunus persica, Rosaceae
Peanut, groundnut, (Arachis hypogaea), Fabaceae
pear, Prunus communis, Rosaceae
pejibaye, Bactris gasipaes
pelargonium, Pelargonium capitatum, Geraniaceae
Pelitory of the wall, (Parietaria judaica), Urticaceae
pellia, (Liverworts, Phylum Hepatophyta), Pellia fabroniana
Pennyroyal, squaw mint, pudding grass, (Mentha pulegium), Lamiaceae
peperomia, Peperomia
Pepper, black pepper, (Piper nigrum)
pepper, capsicum, periwinkle, Vinca major (Catharanthus is also called "periwinkle")
peppercorn, Piperaceae
persimmon, Diospyros kaki
persimmon, Japanese or Oriental persimmon, Diospyros kaki
persimmon, seedless, Diospyros virginiana
Periwinkle, blue leaf periwinkle, (Vinca major)
Petty spurge, radium weed, (Euphorbia peplus), Euphorbiaceae
phantom tree, Moringaceae
phasey bean, Macroptilium lathyroides, Fabaceae
phlox, Phlox acuminata
phyllanthus, Euphorbiaceae
pickle fruit, Averrhoa bilimbi
pie melon, Citrullus lanatus, Cucurbitaceae
Pigface, angular sea-fig, (Carpobrotus glaucescens), Aizoaceae
pigeon pea, Cajanus cajan, Fabaceae
pimento, allspice, Pimenta dioica
pimpernel, "scarlet pimpernel", Anagallis arvensis
pine tree, (Conifers, Phylum Pinophyta, notan angiosperm), Pinus quadrifolia
pineapple, Ananas comosus
Pinto pea, pinto peanut, (Arachis pintoi), Fabaceae
pit pit grass, Miscanthus floridulus, Poaceae
pit pit, Setaria palmifolia
pitanga, Eugenia uniflora, Myrtaceae
pitaya, Cereus peruvianus
pitcher plant, Sarracenia
pitcher plants, North American pitcher plants, purple pitcher plant, Sarracenia purpurea
pitcher plants, East Indian pitcher plant, Nepenthes mirabilis
pitomba, Eugenia luschnathiana, Myrtaceae
Plantain, broad leaf plantain, (Plantago major), Plantaginaceae
Plantain, (Musa hybrids), cooking bananas
platycerium (epiphyte) staghorn fern, elkhorn fern, Platycerium Ferns, (Phylum Pteridophyta), Platycerium alcicorne
pleodorina (aquatic, algal blooms, Green algae, Phylum Chlorophyta), Pleodorina caudata
Pleurococcus, (Protococcus), (algae on bark of trees, most abundant living thing, Phylum Chlorophyta), Pleurococcus vulgaris
plicatulum, Paspalum plicatulum
plum, European plum, Prunus domestica
podocarp, plum pines, real yellowwood, kusamaki, mahogany pine, (Conifers, Phylum Pinophyta), Podocarpus comptonii
poinciana, flame of the forest, Delonix regia
poinsettia, Euphorbia pulcherrima
poison ivy, rhus tree "natural lacquer", Toxicodendron radicans, Anacardiaceae
pokeroot, Phytolacca americana
Pokeweed, (Phytolacca americana)
polysiphonia, (Red algae, Phylum Rhodophyta), Polysiphonia
Pomegranate, (Punica granatum), Lythraceae,
pomegranate, Punica granatum
pomelo, pumelo, Chinese grapefruit, pamplemousse, shaddock, Citrus maxima, Rutaceae
pond apple, Annona glabra
poplar, European poplar, American cottonwood tree, Lombardy poplar, Populus nigra
poppy, opium poppy, Papaver somniferum, Papaveraceae
porphyra, "nori", laver, (Japanese edible sea weed, Red algae, Phylum Rhodophyta), Porphyra tenera
potato, Irish potato, Solanum tuberosum, Solanaceae
potentilla reptans, Rosaceae
prickly cycad, bread tree, white-haired cycad, (Cycad, Phylum Cycadophyta), Encephalartos altensteinii
Prickly pear, Indian fig, (Opuntia ficus-indica), Cactaceae
primrose, Primula vulgaris
primrose, common evening primrose, Oenothera biennis, Onagraceae
privet, European common hedge plant, Ligustrum vulgare
prune, Rosaceae
prunus, Rosaceae
psilotum, whisk ferns, fork ferns, (Phylum Psilophyta, but may be true fern Pteridophyta), Psilotum nudum
psyllium, Plantago psyllium
puero, Pueraria phaseoloides
pulasan, Nephelium mutabile
pulse, dal and green manure field pea, (Pisum sativum var. arvense), Fabaceae
pummelo, Citrus grandis, Rutaceae
pumpkin, field pumpkin, Cucurbita pepo, ("Australian pumpkin", winter squash, Cucurbita maxima), Cucurbitaceae
Purple coneflower, (Echinaceae purpurea)
Purple loosestrife, (Lythrum salicaria), Lythraceae
Purple mukunu-wenna, red carpet weed, (Alternanthera versicolor), Amaranthaceae
Purslane, common purslane, pigweed, (Portulacca oleracea), Portulacaceae
pyrethrum, Chrysanthemum cinerariaefolium, Asteraceae
pyrethrum, Tanacetum cinerariaefolium, Asteraceae

Q.
Queen Anne's lace, Ami majus
Queensland asthma weed, Euphorbia hirtal, Euphorbiaceae
Queensland greens, Malvaceae
Queensland nut, Macadamia integrifolia
quince, Cydonia oblonga, Rosaceae
quinine, Cinchona
quinoa, Chenopodium quinoa, Amaranthaceae

R.
Rue, (Ruta graveolens)
radish, Raphanus raphanistrum, wild radish, horse radish, radish, herbal medicine, vegetable, Brassicaceae
radish, Raphanus sativus, Brassicaceae
radium weed, petty spurge, Euphorbia peplus
rafflesia, (the largest flower, plant parasite), Rafflesia arnoldii
rambai, Baccaurea dulcis
rambutan, Nephelia lappaceum
Ramie, (Boehmeria nivea), Urticaceae
ramontchi, Flacourtia ramontchi
raspberry, Mysore raspberry, Rubus albescens, Rosaceae
Raspberry, red rasberry, (Rubus ideaus), Rosaceae
rattle pod, lebbeck, woman's tongues tree, Albizia lebbeck
rattlepod, rattlebox, Crotalaria
Rau om, (Limnophila aromatica), Scrophulariaceae
Red clover, (Trifolium pratense), Fabaceae
red lantern, Malvaceae
reed canary grass, Palaris arundinacea, Poaceae
redcurrent, red currant, Ribes rubrum
redwood, coast redwood, california redwood, sequoia, giant sequoia, redwood pine, giant redwood, Sequoia sempervirens
Rhodes grass,(cultivar: Callide), Chloris gayana, Poaceae
rhododendron, Rhododendron ponticum
rhodolith, (corraline red algae, Lithothamnium, Phylum Rhodophyta), Lithophyllum margaritae
riccia, (floating liverwort, Liverworts), Riccia congoana
Rhubarb, (Rheum rhabarbarum), Polygonaceae
rice, Oryza sativa, Poaceae
rice bean, Fabaceae
Rock samphire, (Crithmum maritimum) Apiaceae
rocket, Brassicaceae
rockmelon, Cucumis melo reticulatus, Cucurbitaceae
Rose apple, (Syzygium jambos), Myrtaceae
rose myrtle, Rhodomyrtus tomentosa
rose, dog rose, Rosa canina, Rosaceae
roselle, rosella, rama, Hibiscus sabdariffa, Malvaceae
Rosemary, (Rosmarinus officinalis), Lamiaceae,
rowan, mountain ash, wiggentree, witchen, whitebeam, service tree, Sorbus aucuparia
rubber, natural rubber, para rubber, hevea rubber, Hevea brasiliensis
Rue, Ruta graveolens, Rutaceae
rukam, Flacourtia rukam
rungia, Rungia pectinata
runner bean, scarlet runner bean, Phaseolus coccineus, Fabaceae
rye, Poaceae

S.
Sacred bamboo, heavenly bamboo, (Nandina domestica), Berberidaceae,
sabi grass, Urochloa mosambicensis, Poaceae
Saffron, Autumn crocus, saffron crocus, (Crocus sativus), Iridaceae
Sage, garden sage, (Salvia officinalis), Lamiaceae
sago palm, pearl sago, commercial sago, Metroxylon sagus, (Metroxylon rumphii)
sago palm, (not a true monocotyledon palm), fern palm, (Cycas pectinata)
St John's wort, common St John's wort, (Hypericum perforatum), Hypericaceae
St John's bread, Ceratonia siliqua
Salad burnet, great burnet, (Sanguisorba officinalis), Rosaceae
Salad mallow, (Corchorus olitorius), Tiliaceae
salak palm, Salacca edulis
salix, weeping willow, (Chinese Peking Willow X European White Willow), Salix × sepulcralis
salvinia, giant water fern, (serio water weed), Salvinia molesta
salt bush, Atriplex nummularia
Sambung, "longevity spinach," (Gynura procumbens), Asteraceae,
sambu lettuce, Amaranthaceae
sandalwood, Santalum paniculatum
santol, Sandoricum koetjape
sapodilla, Manilkara zapota
sapota, Sapota, (Sapodilla)
sapote, mam sapote, Calocarpum sapota
sapote, South American sapote, Quararibea cordata
sapote, black sapote, Diospyros digyna, (D. ebenaster)
sapote, green sapote, Calocarpum viride
sapote, yellow sapote, Pouteria campechiana
sapote, white sapote, Casmiroa edulis, (C. tetrameria)
sargassum, (Brown algae, kelp, Phylum Phaeophyta), Sargassum natans
Sarsparilla, (Smilax ornato), Smilacaceae
sassafras, Lauraceae
Savory, (Satureja repandra), Lamiaceae
Scarlet bee balm, oswego tea, (Monarda didyma), Lamiaceae
screw pine, Pandanus spiralis
screwpine, screw pine, pandanas, Pandanus tectorius
Scullcap, common skullcap, (Scutellaria galericulata), Lamiaceae
sea grape, Coccoloba uvifera
sea lettuce, (Green algae, Phylum Chlorophyta), Ulva lactuca
sea buckthorn, Hippophae rhamnosides
Selfheal, (Prunella vulgaris), Lamiaceae,
selaginella, spike moss, little club moss, peacock moss, queen of the night, (Club moss, Phylum Lycopodiophyta), Selaginella lepidophylla
selfheal, Prunella vulgaris
senna, Egyptian senna, (herbal medicine), Senna alexandrina, Fabaceae
Sensitive plant, shameplant, (Mimosa pudica), Fabaceae
sesame, Sesamum indicum
Sessile joyweed, dwarf copperleaf, (Alternanthera sessilis), Amaranthaceae
setaria grass, Setaria anceps, Poaceae
Seville orange, Citrus aurantium, Rutaceae
shaddock, Citrus grandis, Rutaceae
shallot, Allium fistulosum, Amaryllidaceae
shepherd's purse, Capsella bursa-pastoris, Brassicaceae
Shizo, beafsteak plant, (Perilla frutescens)
shoo fly plant, Nicandra physaloides, Solanaceae
signal grass, (cultivar: Basilisk), Brachiaria decumbens, (Urochloa decumbens), Poaceae
silverbeet, chard, Swiss chard, Beta vulgaris
siratro, Macroptilium atropurpureum
sisal, Agave sisalana, Asparagaceae
skeleton weed, (Chondrilla)
Slippery elm, (Ulmus rubra), Ulmaceae
Small-flowered willow herb, (Epilobium parviflorum), Onagraceae
snake gourd, snake bean, New Guinea bean, (not a legume), Trichosanthes cucumerina, Cucurbitaceae
snapdragon, common snapdragon, Antirrhinum majus
Sneezewort, (Achillea ptarmica), Asteraceae
snow-in-the-mountains, Euphorbiaceae
snuff box tree, Oncoba spinosa
soap bark tree, Quillaja saponaria
Soapwort, (Saponaria officinalis), Caryophyllaceae
Solomon's seal, Polygonatum, X hybridum
soncoya, Annona purpurea
sorghum, Sorghum bicolor, (Sorghum vulgare)
Sorrel, French sorrel, (Rumex acetosa),  Polygonaceae
Sorrel, sheep sorrel, (Rumex acetosella),  Polygonaceae
sour orange, Citrus aurantium, Rutaceae
soursop, mountain soursop, Annona montana
soursop, Annona muricata
South American sapote, Quararibea cordata
Southernwood, (Artemisia abrotanum), Asteraceae
soybean, soya bean, Glycine max, Fabaceae
Spanish lime, Melicocca bijuga
Spanish moss, (Tillandsia usneoides), Bromeliaceae
Spanish tarragon, (Tagetes lucida), Asteraceae
Speedwell, (Veronica officinalis), Scrophulariaceae
Sphaerella, (Haematococcus, Green algae, Phylum Chlorophyta), Sphaerella platanifolia
spider wort, wandering jew, Tradescantia pallida
spiderflower Cleome
spike moss, Selaginella, spike moss, little club moss, peacock moss, queen of the night, Selaginellaceae, Lycopod, Phylum Lycopodiophyta
spinach, English spinach, Spinacia oleracea
spinfex, (perennial coastal grass), Spinifex longifolius, Poaceae
spirogyra, (spiral chloroplast, Green algae, Phylum Chlorophyta), Spirogyra crassa
spirulina, (edible nutrititous algae), (Blue-green algae / Cyanobacteria, Phylum Cyanidophyta), Spirulina maxima, and Spirulina platensis
spring onion, ramps, wild garlic, ail des bois, Allium tricoccum, Amaryllidaceae
spruce, common spruce, Norway spruce, (traditional "Xmas tree"), Picea abies
squash, summer squash, Cucurbita pepo, Cucurbitaceae
squirting cucumber, Ecballium elaterium
St John's bread, carob, Ceratonia siliqua
St John's wort, Hypericum perforatum
St Mary,s thistle, Asteraceae
stag horn fern, elkhorn fern, (Ferns, Phylum Pteridophyta), Platycerium bifurcatum
stag's horn club moss, ground pine, (Club moss, Phylum Lycopodiophyta), Lycopodium clavatum
stagger weed, loco weed, Astragalus
stangeria, (Cycad, Phylum Cycadophyta), Stangeria eriopsis
star apple, Chrysophyllum cainito
star fruit, carambola, five corners, Averrhoa carambola
star gooseberry, Euphorbiaceae
Star of Bethlehem, grass lily, (Ornithogalum umbellatum), Asparagaceae
stevia, Stevia rebaudiana, Asteraceae
stocks, gillyflower, Mathiola incana
stonecrop, Sedum, Crassulaceae
Stonemint, common dittany, (Cunila origanoides), Lamiaceae
strawberry, Fragaria, x ananassa, (cv.), Rosaceae
Sturt desert pea, Fabaceae
stylo, shrubby stylo, Stylosonthes scabra
stylo, Townsville stylo, Stylosanthes humilis
stylo, Stylosanthes guyanensis
sugar-apple, Annona cherimola
sugar cane, Saccharum edule, and Saccharum officinarum
sugar-apple, Annona reticulata
sugar-apple, Annona squamosa
sugar beet, Beta vulgaris
Summer savory, (Satureja hortensis), Lamiaceae
sun dew, sundew, Drosera rotundifolia
sun jewels, Portulaca grandiflora
sunflower, Helianthus annuus, Asteraceae
sunn hemp, rattlebox, Crotalaria juncea, Fabaceae
sunsapote, Licania platypus
Surinam cherry, Eugenia uniflora, Myrtaceae
swamp taro, Cyrtosperma chamissonis
sweet annie, Artemisia annual
Sweet flag, (Acorus calamus), Acoraceae
sweet herb, Violaceae
sweet leaf, Stevia rebaudiana, Euphorbiaceae
sweet marjoram, Origanum marjorana, Lamiaceae
sweet potato, kamara, kau kau, Ipomoea batatas
sweet orange, navel orange, Valencia orange, Citrus sinensis, Rutaceae
sweet pea, sweet pea, grass pea, singletary pea, Lathyrus odoratus, Fabaceae
sweet tansy, Asteraceae
sweet tarragon, Tagettes lucida
Sweet vernal grass, holy grass, vanilla grass, (Anthoxanthum odoratum), Poaceae
Sweet woodruff, herb walter, kiss-me-quick, (Asperula odorata), Rubiaceae
sweet violet, Violaceae
Sweetleaf, sugar leaf, candy leaf, (Stevia rebaudiana), Asteraceae,
sweetsop, Annona squamosa
sycamore English sycamore, European great maple, Scotland plane tree, Acer pseudoplatanus
sycamore, American sycamore, Platanus occidentalis
sycamore, in Bible, sycamore fig, fig mulberry, Ficus sycomorus
Syrian rue, Peganum harmala

T.
Tansy, (Tanacetum vulgare)
Temulawak, Java ginger, (Curcuma zanthorrhiza)
Thuja, American arborvitae, (Thuja occidentalis)
Thyme, common thyme, garden thyme, (Thymus vulgaris)
Toothache plant, paracress, (Acmella oleracea)
Tormentil, septfoil, (Potentilla erecta)
Tuberose, (Polianthes tuberosa)
Turmeric, (Curcuma longa)
Turpentine tree, (Syncarpia glomulifera)
tade, Polygonum hydropiper, Polygonaceae
Talinum fameflower, flameflower, (Talinum fruticosum)
tamarillo, Cyphomadra betacea, Solanaceae
tamarind, Indian date, Tamarindus indica, Fabaceae
tampala, Amaranthaceae
tangerine, Citrus X tangerina, Rutaceae
tangerine orange, Citrus reticulata, Rutaceae
tangor, Citrus reticulata X C. sinensis, Rutaceae
tannia, tana, Chinese taro, Xanthosoma sagittifolium
Tansy, sweet tansy, (Tanacetum vulgare), Asteraceae
taro,  Different kinds of taro
Tarragon, (Artemisia dracunculus), Asteraceae
taxus, European yew, Taxus baccata
tea tree, Australian tea tree, Melaleuca alternifolia
tea tree Leptospermum
tea, Camellia sinensis
teak Tectona grandis
teasel, Dipascus sativus
tephrosia, Fabaceae
terminalia, (forest tree)
thale cress, rock cress, mouse ear cress, Arabidopsis thaliana, (the first plant to have its entire genome sequenced), Arabidopsis thaliana
Thyme, common thyme, garden thyme, (Thymus vulgaris), Lamiaceae
tobacco, cultivated tobacco, Nicotiana tabacum, Solanaceae
tomato, Solanum lycopersicum, (Lycopersicon esculentum), Solanaceae
tomato, Australian native tomato, Solanaceae
Torch ginger, red ginger lily, pink torch ginger, (Etlingera elatior), Zingiberaceae
tooth wort, (root parasites), Lathraea squamaria
Toothache plant, paracress, (Acmella oleracea), Asteraceae
Tradescantia, spider wort
Traveller's palm, Ravenala madagascariensis
tree tomato, tamarillo, Cyphomandra betacea
Tree-like Aloe, Aloe candelabra, Aloaceae
tree lucerne, Fabaceae
trefoil, bird's foot trefoil, asparagus pea, winged pea, Fabaceae, (many clovers, genus Trifolium, are called trefoils: 3 leaflets), Lotus corniculatus
tribonema, (Yellow Green Algae, Phylum Xanthophyta), Tribonema vulgare
tulip, Tulipa gesneriana
tumeric, Curcuma longa, Zingiberaceae
tuna, Opuntia ficus-indica
tung oil tree, Aleurites fordii
turnip, Brassica rapa, var. rapa, Brassicaceae
turpentine, natural turpentine, Abies balsamea

U.
Udder plant, (Solanum mammosum), Solanaceae
ulothrix, (Green algae, Phylum Chlorophyta), Ulothrix zonata
umkokola, (Vialis caffra)
uvalha, (Eugenia uvalha), Myrtaceae

V.
Valerian, garden valerian, (Valeriana officinalis), Valerianaceae
Vanilla, flat-leaved vanilla, (Vanilla planifolia), Orchidaceae
vanilla grass, Anthoxanthum odoratum, Poaceae
vanilla vine, Vanilla planiflora, (V. fragrans)
vaucheria, (Yellow-Green Algae, Phylum Xanthophyta), Vaucheria dispema
vegetable braln, Blighia sapida
vegetable hummingbird tree, Fabaceae
velvet apple, Diospyros blancoi, (D. discolor)
velvet tamarlnd, Dialium indum
Venus' fly trap, Venus fly trap, Dionaea muscipula
Vervain, common vervain, common verbena, (Verbena officinalis), Valerianaceae
vetch, European vetch, Vicia disperma
Vetiver grass, (Chrysopogon zizanioides), Poaceae
Vietnamese coriander, Vietnamese hot mint, (Periscaria odorata), Polygonaceae
Vietnamese hot mint, Polygonaceae
vinca, Vinca minor
Violet, common violet, garden violet, English violet, (Viola odorata), Violaceae
Virginia creeper, woodbine, Parthenocissus tricuspidata
Volvox, (Green algae, Phylum Chlorophyta), Volvox aureus

W.
Wormwood, common Wormwood (Artemisia absinthium)
Woundwort, lamb's ear, (Stachys lanata)

wallflower, Cheiranthus cheri
Wallpepper, goldmoss stonecrop, (Sedum acre), Crassulaceae
walnut, black walnut, Juglans nigra
wampee, wampi, Clausena lansium, Rutaceae
wasabi, Brassicaceae
water weed, Canadian water weed, Elodea canadensis, (Anacharis), Hydrochariataceae, (tape grass family, monocotyledon)
Water apple, Syzygium aqueum, Myrtaceae
Water celery, Chinese celery, Japanese parsley, (Oenanthe javanica), Apiaceae
water hyacinth, common water hyacynth, (fast growing aquatic weed, "worst weed in the world"), Eichhornia crassipes
water hyssop, Bacopa monnieri, Plantaginaceae
water lily, European water lily, Nymphaea alba
Watercress, (Nasturtium officinale), Brassicaceae
Waterleaf, (Talinum fruticosum), Portulacaceae
watermelon, camel melon, Citrullus lanatus, Cucurbitaceae
wattle, black wattle, Acacia concurrens, Fabaceae
wax flower, Geralton wax flower, Chamelaucium uncinatum
Wax jambu, Syzygium javanicum, Myrtaceae
vegetable hummingbird tree, Fabaceae
West Indian cherry, Malpighia glabra
wheat, (tetraploid durum wheat), Triticum turgidum var. durum, Poaceae
wheat, (hexaploid bread wheat), Triticum aestivum, Poaceae
white bryony, bryony, English mandrake, Bryonia alba
white mulleim, Scrophulariaceae
white mustard, (mustard and cress sandwiches), Sinapsis alba, (Brassica alba), Brassicaceae
White sapote, matasano, (Casmiroa edulis), Rutaceae
wild cabbage, Brassica oleracea, Brassicaceae
Wild leek, giant garlic, (Allium ampeloprasum), Amaryllidaceae
wild lettuce, Lactuca virosa
Wild pansy, American field pansy, (Viola bicolor), Violaceae
willow tree, weeping willow, Salix X sepulcralis, (Peking willow Salix babylonica X white willow Salix alba)
wing bean, winged bean, four-angled bean, as bin, Goa bean, Psophocarpus tetrogonolobus, Fabaceae
Winter savory, (Satureja montana), Lamiaceae
wisteria, wistaria, (climbing legume), Wisteria sinensis
Witch-hazel, common witch-hazel (Hamamelis virginiana), Hamamelidaceae
Wolf bane, monk's hood, (Aconitum lycoctonum), Ranunculaceae
Wooly-leaved white sapote, (Casimiroa tetrameria), Rutaceae
wood avens, Geum urbanum
Wood betony, (Stachys betonica)
wood ferns, male fern, buckler fern, Dryopteris filix-mas
Wood sorrel, common wood sorrel, (Oxalis acetosella), Oxalidaceae
wormwood, common wormwood, absinthe wormwood, Artemisia absinthium, Asteraceae

Y.
Yam, common yam, (Dioscorea alata), Dioscoreaceae
yam bean, Pachyrrhizus, Fabaceae
yangtao, Actinidia chinensis
yard long bean, Vigna unguiculata, Fabaceae
Yarrow, common yarrow, (Achillea millefolium), Asteraceae
Yellow dock, curled dock, (Rumex crispus), Polygonaceae
yellow melilot, Melilotis officinalis
yellow vetchling, Lathyrus aphaca
yellow vetchling, Lathyrus ochroleucis
yellow sapote, Pouteria campechiana
Yerba mate, (Ilex paraguariensis), Aquifoliaceae
Ylang ylang, cananga tree, (Cananga odorata), Annonaceae
Yucca, common yucca, (Yucca filamentosa), Asparagaceae

Z.
Zebra grass, (Miscanthus zebrinus), Poaceae
zebrina, wandering jew, Tradescantia zebrina, (T. fluminensis, T. pallida), (formerly Zebrina pendula)
zucchini, summer squash, Cucurbita pepo, Cucurbitaceae
zygnema, (two stellate chloroplasts, found near Spirogyra, Green algae, Phylum Chlorophyta), Zygnema pectinatum