School Science Lessons
Angiosperms, and other common plants, common names first
2015-04-21 sp
Please send comments to: J.Elfick@uq.edu.au

9.2.3  List of angiosperm plants, common names first
| A. |B. | C. | D. | E. | F. | G. | H. | I. | J. | K. | L. | M. | N. | O. | P. | Q. | R. | S. | T. | U. | V. | W. | X. | Y. | Z. |
1.0 Native Australian fruits with potential for development
9.2.1 Plant classification, all plants

A.
A.
abiu, Pouteria caimito
acacia, gum arabic tree, Acacia nilotica
acerola, Florida Sweet, Malpighia glabra
achiote, Bixa orellana
aconite, Aconitum napellus
African violet, Usambara violet, (Saintpaulia ionantha)
agrimony, Agrimonia eupatoria
aibika, hibiscus cabbage, musk mallow, Pacific cabbage, bele, pele, Abelmoschus manihot, (Hibiscus manihot), Malvaceae
akee, Blighia sapida
albizia, (cocoa shade, fuel wood tree), Albizia
almond, sweet almond, Prunus dulcis, (Prunus amygdalus, Amygdalus communis)
aloe, herbal aloe, Aloe vera
Aloe candelabra, tree-like aloe
amaranth, love-lies-bleeding, careless weed, green stripe, prostrate pigged, Amaranthus albus
Amazon tree grape, Pourouma spp.
ambarella, Spondias cytherea
American eel grass, Vallisneria Americana, Hydrocharitaceae, (tape grass family, monocotyledon)
anemone, pasque flower, Anemone vulgaris
angelica, Angelica archangelica
anise, Pimpinella anisum
anise hyssop, Agastache foeniculum
Anthoceros, ("flower horn", Horn wort, Bryophyte), Anthoceros neesii
apple, common apple, Malus, X domestica
apple, Dorsett Golden, Tropical Beauty,  Malus pumila (M. sylvestris)
apple, crab apple, wild apple, Malus sylvestris
apricot, Prunus armeniaca, (Armeniaca vulgaris)
araca, Psidium araca
areca palm, betel palm, Areca catechu
arla, tethonia sp.
arnica, Arnica chamissonis
arrowhead, Sagittaria sagittifolia
arrowroot, Maranta arundinacea
Canna edulis, achira, Queensland arrowroot
artichoke, Chinese artichoke, Stachys affinis
artichoke, globe artichoke, Cynara cardunculus
artichoke, Jerusalem artichoke, Helianthus tuberosa
arum lily, Zantedeschia aethiopica
ash tree, Fraxinus excelsior
asparagus, Asparagus officinalis
aspen tree, European aspen tree, Populus tremula
astragalus, Astragalus membranaceaus
atemoya, African Pride, Annona hybrid
autumn crocus Colchicum autumnale, Liliaceae
avocado, Persea gratissima, (Persea americana)
axillaris, Macrotyloma axillare
azalea, pink azalea, (Rhododendron subgenus azaleastrum), Rhododendron periclymenoides
Azolla filiculoides, Pacific azolla
Azolla pinnata, ferny azolla
Azolla, water fern, duckweed fern, floating fern, mosquito fern, N-fixing symbiotic cyanobacteria Anabaena azollae, within leaf cavities, biofertilizer, Pteridophyta, Family Azollaceae
B.
bacupari, Rheedia brasiliensis
bael fruit, Aegle marmelos
balm of Gilead, Cedronella canariensis
bamboo, common bamboo, Bambusa vulgaris
banana, Cavendish, Musa hybrids
banana, edible banana, Musa acuminata
banksia, coastal banksia, Banksia integrifolia
Barbados gooseberry, Pereskia aculeata
Barbados cherry, Florida Sweet, Malpighia glabra
barberry, Berberis vulgaris
barley, cereal. Hordeum vulgare
basella, Ceylon spinach, Basella alba
basil, sweet basil, Ocimum basilicum
batiki blue grass, smut grass, Ischaemum indicum
bay tree, Laurus nobilis
beach bean, bay bean, wild jack bean, Canavalia rosea, Fabaceae
bean, broad bean, fava bean, horse bean, field bean, tic bean, Windsor bean, vetch, tare, hairy vetch, Vicia faba
bean, common bean, French bean, haricot bean, field bean, snap bean, string bean, wax bean, caraota, poroto, Phaseolus vulgaris
bean, jack bean, common jack bean, pig bean, wonder bean, horse bean, ("awikiwiki, the quick one" Hawaiian name, origin of "wikipedia"), Canavalia ensiformis, Fabaceae,
bean, sword bean, Canavalia gladiata, (C. cathartica), Fabaceae
bean, lavafield jack bean (also "awikiwiki"), Canavalia pubescens, Fabaceae
bean, beach bean, Canavalia rosea
bean, lima bean, Phaseolus lunatus, (Phaseolus limensis)
bean, scarlet runner bean, runner bean, potato bean, white Dutch runner bean, Phaseolus coccineus
bean, adzuki bean, red bean use in Chinese bean paste, Phaseolus angularis, (Vigna angularis)
bearbery, Arctostaphylos uva-ursil
beech tree, Fagus sylvatica
beet, red beetroot, table beet, garden beet, red beet, Beta vulgaris
begonia, scarlet begonia, Begonia coccinea
bergamot, Monarda didyma
Bermuda couch, Cynodon dactylon
betel pepper, (leaf eaten with betel palm nut), Piper betle
betel palm, areca palm, betel nut, Areca catechu
betony, Stavhys officinalis
bignay, Antidesma bunius
bilimbi,  Averrhoa bilimbi
bindweed, scammony, dwarf morning glory, field bindweed, Convolvulus arvensis
birch tree, silver birch, European birch, Betula pendula
bird chilli, Capsicum frutescens
bird’s foot trefoil, (legume), Lotus corniculatus
bird's nest orchid, Neottia nidus-avis
birdwood grass, Cenchrus setigerus
biriba, Rollinia deliciosa
bitter cucumber, bitter gourd, balsam pear, Momordica charantia
black currant, European black currant, Ribes nigrum
black pepper, Piper nigrum
black sapote, Diospyros digyna
blackberry, (bramble), Rubus fructicosus
blackberry,  Rubus hybrids
bladder wort, leafy bladder wort, Utricularia foliosa
bloodflower, Asclepius curassavica
blossom bouquetDombeya burgassiae
blueberry, highbush blueberry, Vaccinium corymbosum
bok choy, pak choy, Brassica campestris
borage, Borogo officinalis
borage, Indian borage, Plectranthus amboinicus
borojo, Borojoa patinoi
bossiaea, (reduced leaves, cladode), Bossiaea foliosa
bottle gourd, Lagenaria siceraria
bougainvillea, Bougainvillea glabra, Nyctaginaceae
bracken fern, western bracken fern, Pteridium aquilinum
brahmi, Barcopa monnieri
breadfruit, Artocarpus altilis
broad bean, fava bean field bean, bell bean, tic bean, Vicia faba
broomrape, choke weed, (leafless root parasite), Orobanche ramosa
broomweed, prairie broom weed, Amphiachyris dracunculoides
bruisewort, Bellis perennis
brush cherry, Eugenia paniculata
bryony, white bryony, English mandrake, kua-lou, ladies' seal, Bryonia dioica
buffel grass, (cultivar: Biloela), Cenchrus ciliaris
bugle, Ajuga reptans
bulbil yam, potato yam, aerial yam, air potato, wild yam, Dioscorea bulbifera
buckwheat, Fagopyrum esculentum
bulbinella, Bulbine frutescens
bullock's heart, Annona reticulata
Burdekin plum,  Pleiogynium timorense, (P. cerasiferum)
burdock, Arctium lappa
burrawang palm, (Cycad, Cycadophyta), Macrozamia communis
busy lizzie, garden balsam, Impatiens balsamina, (I. sultani, I. walleriana)
butcher's broom, ruscus, knee holly, Ruscus aculeatus
butter wort, (carnivorous), Pinguicula acris
buttercup, meadow buttercup, Ranunculus acris
butterfly pea, Clitoria ternatea
byfield fern, cycad fern, Bowenia spectabilis C.
cabbage, Brassica oleracea
caimito, Chrysophyllum cainito
calabura, Muntingia calabura 
calamint, Calamintha acinos
calamondin, Citrus madurensis, (C. microcarpa)
calendula,  Calendula officinalis
calopo grass, Calopogonium mucunoides
camelia, Camelia sasanqua, Theaceae
camomile, Roman camomile, dog fennel, Anthemis nobilis
camomile, chamomile. blue camomile, German camomile, may weed (used for camomile tea), Matricaria recutita
camphor, camphor laurel, Cinnamomum camphora
camu camu, Myrciaria paraensis
Canadian pondweed, Elodea canadensis
Canadian waterweed, Elodea canadensis, (Anacharis), Hydrochariataceae, (tape grass family, monocotyledon)
Canadian turnip, rutabaga, swede, turnip, Brassica napus
canistel, Pouteria campechiana
canna, canna lily, Canna amabilis
canola, (from Canada + oleum), (rapeseed cultivars), oil seed rape, Brassica napus X Brassica campestris
cantaloupe melon, Cucumis melo
cape primrose, Streptocarpus
capers, Caparis spinosa inermis
capsicum, If not hot: capsicums, bell peppers, peppers, sweet peppers, green peppers, red peppers, pimiento, ají, Capsicum annuum
capsicum, bird chilli, Capsicum frutescens
capsicum, If hot: chilli, chillies, chilli peppers, hot peppers, tabasco pepper (chilli, chile peppers in USA) chile, guindilla, Capsicum annuum
capulin, Red, Yellow, Prunus salicifolia
carambola, star fruit, five corners, Averrhoa carambola
caraway, Carum carvi
cardboard palm, (Cycad), Zamia furfuracea
carissa, Carissa grandiflora
carnation, pink, clove pink, malmaison, sops-in-wine, gillyvor, gillyflower, carnation, pinks, sweet william, ornamental, Dianthus caryophllus
carob, St John's bread, Ceratonia siliqua
carrageenans, Irish "moss", kelp, (in cough mixtures, Brown algae, Phylum Phaeophyta), Chondrus crispus
carribean, Stylosanthes hamata
carrot, Daucus carota
cas, Psidium friedrichsthalianum
cashew tree, cashew nut tree, Anarcardium occidentale
cassava, tapioca, Manihot esculenta
cassia tree, senna of Cassia, golden shower, (cassia bark, cooking herb), Cinnamomum cassia
castor oil plant, castor bean, Ricinus communis
cathedral bells, Kalanchoe pinnata
Cat grass, Dactylis glomerata
catnip Nepita cataria
cattley guava, Psidium cattleianum
cauliflower, (flowered cabbage), collard, cabbage, kale, kai-lan, Brussels sprout (cabbage-like buds), kohlrabi, broccoli, Brassica oleracea var.
cecropia, Cecropia peltata
cedar, incense cedar, Calocedrus decurrens
celery, celeriac, (crisp leaf stalks), Apium graveolens
centaury, Centaurium vulgare
centro grass, Centrosema pubescens
ceratium, (dinoflagellate, colours the upper ocean red), Ceratium macroceros
cereals, cereal grains, (from grasses), Poaceae
ceriman, Monstera deliciosa
Ceylon peach,, Saharanpur, Prunus persica
Ceylon gooseberry, Dovyalis hebecarpa
chamomile, English chamomile, Anthemis nobilis
chapparal, Larrea tridenta
chara, musk grass, stone wort, (Algae), Chara tomentosa
charichuela, Rheedia macrophylla
chaste tree Vitex agnus castus
cherimoya, Annona cherimola
cherry, Japanese flowering cherry, (cherry blossom), Prunus serrulata
cherry of the Rio Grande,  Eugenia aggregata
cherry, sweet cherry, Prunus avium
cherry, sour cherry, Prunus cerasus
cherry, wild cherry, black cherry, Prunus serotina
chervil, Anthriscus cerefolium
chia, Salviar hyacophila
chickweed, star wort, Stellaria media
chick pea, garbanzo bean, Indian pea, cecci bean, Bengal gram, Cicer arietinum
chicozapote, Manilkara zapata
chilli, chili, Capsicum annuam
Chinese artichoke, Stachys affinis
Chinese cabbage, bak choi, turnip, rapini, Brassica rapa, (Brassica chinensis)
Chinese date, Zizyphus jujuba
Chinese gooseberries, Actinidia chinensis
Chinese lantern, Quincula lobata
Chinese lantern, Abutilon
Chinese raisin, Hovenia dulcis
Chinese taro, tannia, tana, kong kong taro, cocoyam, Xanthosoma sagittifolium
Chinese yam, cinnamon vine, shan-yao, Dioscorea batatas
chives, Chinese chives, Allium tuberosum
chamomile, german chamomile, Matricaria chamomilla
chlamydomonas, (Green algae, Phylum Chlorophyta), Chlamydomonas reinhardtii
choko, chatote, vegetable peat, Sechium edule
Christmas fern, shield fern, sword fern, Polystichum acrostichoides
chrysanthemum, X grandiflora, florist's chrysanthemum, florist's daisy, (hybrid), Chrysanthemum X morifolium
chrysanthemum, pyrethrum, Chrysanthemum cinerariaefolium
chrysanthemum, (Leucanthemum), daisy, Chrysanthemum majus
cinnamon, Cinnamomum verum
citron, Citrus medica
citrus fruit, (agrumes, sour fruits), lime, orange, pomelo, lemon, citron, grapefruit, mandarin, Citrus
clematis, virgin's bower, leather flower, traveller's joy, Clematis brachiata
cleome, spider plant, (flower with very long stamens), Asian spider flower, Cleome viscosa
climbing bean, Phaseolus vulgaris
closterium, (desmid, Phylum Chlorophyta), Closterium cornu
clove, Syzygium aromaticum, (Eugenia caryophyllus)
clover, white clover, (trifoliate leaves), Trifolium repens
cluster bean, Astragalus gummifer
cdidium, Cnidium monieri
cobbler's pegs, (sharp-pointed seeds get in your socks), Bidens pilosa
coca shrub, (leaves stimulant, contains cocaine alkaloid), Erythroxylon novogranatense, (E. coca)
coco plum, Chrysobalanus icaco
cocoa bean, (used to make chocolate), Theobroma cacao
cocona, Solanum topiro, (S. sessiliflorum)
coconut palm, (a “coconut” is the hard-shelled seed), Cocos nucifera
codonopsis, Codonopsis pilsula
coffee, arabica coffee, Coffea arabica
coffee, robusta coffee, Coffea canephora
columbine, European columbine, Aquilegia vulgaris
columbus grass, Sorghum almum
comfrey, Symphytum officinale
common bean, Phaseolus vulgaris
conifer, Phylum Pinophyta, gymnosperm, cone-bearing trees
coral tree, Erythrina
corallina, (coral algae, red sea weed, red algae, Phylum Rhodophyta), Corallina officinalis
cordyline, cabbage tree, Cordyline australis
coriander, Coriandrum sativum
coriander, Thai coriander, Eyngium foetidum
cork, (phellem tissue from cork oak), Quercus suber
corn (UK), wheat, Triticum
corn (USA), Indian corn, maize, Zea Mays
corn salad, Valerianella locusta
cotopriz, Talisia oliviformis
cotton, sea island cotton, Gossypium barbadense
couch grass, Cynodon dactylon
cowpea, black eye pea, southern bean, China pea, Kaffir pea, marble pea, snake bean, yard long bean, Vigna unguiculata
cowslip, primula veris
creeping jenny, trailing loose strife, money wort, yellow flowers, Lysimachia nummularia
cress, garden cress (not "watercress") pepper grass, lepidium cress, Lepidium sativum
crocus, Dutch crocus, Crocus vernus
crotalaria, rattle box, shake shake, sunn hemp, Crotalaria indica
cucumber, garden cucumber, Cucumis sativus
cucurbits, Vegetables, pumpkin family, (Cucurbitaceae)
cumin Cumium cyninum
currant, European black current, Ribes nigrum
currant, red currant, Ribes rubrum
custard apple, custard apple, bullock's heart, Annona reticulata, (sweet sop, Annona squamata)
cycad, Phylum Cycadophyta, gymnosperm
D.
daffodil, jonquil, narcissus, asphodel, lent lily, Narcissus pseudonarcissus
dahlia, red dahlia, Dahlia coccinea
daisy, oxeye daisy, "day's eye", Chrysanthemum leucanthemum, (Leucanthemum vulgare)
daisy. lawn daisy, Bellis perennis
dandelion, Taraxacum officinale
date palm, Phoenix dactylifera
dawsonia, Dawsonia, Moss, Phylum Bryophyta
dead nettle, (not a nettle and does not sting), henbit, white dead nettle, Lamium album
deadly nightshade, Atropa belladonna
derris, Derris elliptica
desmodium grass, green leaf desmodium, Desmodium intortum
desmodium grass, silver leaf desmodium, Desmodium uncinatum
devil's twine, (leafless parasite), Cassytha glabella
dictyota, (Brown algae, Phylum Phaeophyta), Dictyota dichotoma
dinobryon, (Golden Brown algae, Chrysophyta, Chrysophyceae), Dinobryon bavaricum
dock, yellow dock, Rumex crispus
dodder, greater dodder, (noxious weed), Cuscuta europea
dog rose, (not rose hip), Rosa canina
dovyalis hybrid, Dovyalis abyssinica x D. hebecarpa
dovyalis, Abyssinian Dovyalis,  Dovyalis abyssinica
downy myrtle, Rhodomyrtus tomentosa
dracaena, dragon's blood, Dracaena draco
drumstick tree, Moringa oleifera
dryopteris, (ferns, Order Filicales, Phylum Pteridophyta, Pterophyta), Dryopteris
duck weed, common duck weed, Lemna minor
durian, Durio zibethinus
E.
East Indian plum, Flacourtia cataphracta
echinacea, Echinacea purperea
eclipt, Eclipta alba
ecklonia, leather kelp, Brown algae, Phylum Phaeophyta, Ecklonia maxima
ectocarpus, (kelp, hair-like, Brown algae, Phylum Phaeophyta), Ectocarpus silicosis
edible fern, Takuma
egg plant, brinjal, aubergine, Solanum melongena
egg fruit, Pouteria campechiana
elm, American elm tree, Ulmus americana
elm, Chinese elm tree, (invasive), Ulmus parviflora
elderberry, Sambucus nigra
elodea, Canadian pond weed, water weed, Canadian water weed, Elodea canadensis (Anacharis), Hydrochariataceae
emblic, Phyllanthus emblica
encephalartos, bread palm, Kaffir bread, prickly cycad, Encephalartos ferox
episcia, Episcia
erythrina, machete, cock's spur, coral bean, tiger's claw, Erythrina variegata
eucalyptus, "gum tree", stingy bark, Eucalyptus oblonga
eudorina, (colonial, Green algae, Phylum Chlorophyta), Eudorina elegans
Eugenia, euglena, (euglenoids Euglena, Phylum Euglenophyta, single cell, green, one, two flagella), Euglena viridis
evening primrose, Oenothera biennis
F.
fan worts, Cabomba caroliniana, Cabonbaceae, (water shield family, dicotyledon)
fan palms, Chusan palm, windmill palm, Trachycarpus fortunei
feijoa, Feijoa sellowiana
fennel, sweet fennel, Foeniculum vulgare
fescue, Festuca
fig, edible fig tree, brown fig, Turkey fig, Ficus carica
Fijian longan, Pometia pinnata
five corners, carambola, star fruit, Averrhoa carambola
flax, common flax, Linum usitatissimum
Florida cherry, Eugenia uniflora
four o'clock flower, marvel-of-Peru, beauty-of-the-night, Mirabilis jalapa var. albomaculata
frangipani, temple tree, pagoda tree, Plumeria rubra
frankincense, Boswellia carteri
freesia, Freesia refracta, Iridaceae
fuchsia, shrubby fuchsia, (hybrid cultivars), Fuchsia paniculata
fuelwood tree, Securingia
fume wort, spring fume wort, Corydalis solida
funaria, (moss, Phylum Bryophyta), Funaria hygrometrica
G.
gamboge, Garcinia xanthochymus
garden cress, Lepidium sativum
gardenia, Gardenia augusta, (G. jasminoides), Rubiaceae
garlic, cultivated garlic, Allium sativum
genip, Genipa americana
geranium, "pelargoniums", "popular geraniums", Pelargonium capitatum
geranium, cranes bill. "true geraniums", hinahina, meadow geranium, Geranium pratense
gerbera, Transvaal daisy, Barbeton daisy, Gerbera Jamesonii
giant granadilla,  Passiflora quadrangularis
giant taro, wild taro, kape, elephant's ear, Alocasia macrorrhiza
gigartina, giant marine kelp, (Red algae, Phylum Rhodophyta), Gigartina atropurpurea
ginger, garden ginger, Zingiber officinale
ginger, Japanese ginger, Zingiber mioga
ginkgo, Ginkgo biloba,
ginseng, Chinese ginseng, Panax ginseng
ginseng, Panax pseudoginseng
ginseng, Indian ginseng, Withania somnifera
ginseng, Korean ginseng, elecampane tonic wine, Inula helenium
gladiolus, cornflag, ever flowering gladiolus, Gladiolus tristis
gliricidia, (cocoa shade), Gliricidia
gnetum, (mormon tea, Phylum Gnetophyta), jointfir, buko, Gnetum gnemon
gonium, (colonial algae,Green algae, Phylum Chlorophyta), Gonium pectorale
gooseberry, European gooseberry, Ribes uva-crispa
gorse, furze, common gorse, Ulex europaeus
gourd, bottle gourd, Lagenaria siceraria
governor's plum, Flacourtia indica
granadilla, purple granadilla, Passiflora edulis
grape, muscadine, wine grape, Vitis vinifera
grapefruit, Citrus X paradisi (C. maxima X C. sinensis)
grass, Tropical grasses and pasture legumes: 6.9.6.11
grass, (Formerly family Gramineae, now family Poaceae), (Cereals, cereal gains, grains are grasses.)
green sapote, Calocarpum viride
green gram bean, Phaseolus aureus
green panic, Panicum maximum
greengage plum, Prunus domestica cultivar, Rosaceae
grevilleas, silky oak (silky oak), Grevillea robusta
grosella, Phyllanthus acidus
ground ivy, alehoof, cat's foot, Glechoma hederacea
groundsel, gray rag wort, Senecio canus
grumichama, Eugenia dombeyi, (E. brasiIiensis)
guanabana, Annona muricata
guar tree, Cyamopsis tetragonobolus
guarana, Paullinia cupana
guava, cattley guava, Psidium cattleianum
guava, pineapple guava, strawberry guava, Feijoa sellowiana
guava, mangrove berry, Psidium guajava
guava berry, Myrciaria floribunda
Guinea grass, hamil grass, (cultivar: Hamil), Panicum maximum
gutta-percha, (natural rubber), Palaquium oblongifolium
gymnodinium (Phylum Pyrrophyta, naked dinoflagellate, causes red tide), Gymnodinium galatheanum
H.
hakea, silky hakea, Hakea sericea
hanging fork fern, hanging rock fern, Tmesipteris parva
hardy orange, Poncirus trifoliata
hawthorn, fireberry hawthorn, Crataegus chrysocarpa
haya blanca, Guatteria caribaea
hazelnut, common hazelnut, Corylus avellana
heather, Calluna vulgaris
hemp fibre plant, Indian hemp, marijuana, Cannabis sativa
Herbert River cherry, Antidesma dallachyanum
hetero grass, johnstone grass, Desmodium heterophyllum
hibiscus, rosemallow, mahoe, Hibiscus lunarifolius
hibiscus cabbage, aibika, bele, pele, Abelmoschus manihot, (Hibiscus manihot)
hibiscus, Cranberry hibiscus, Hibiscus acetosella
holly, Ilex
hollyhock, Alcea rosea
honesty, money plant, annual honesty, Lunaria annua
honeydew melon, Cucumis melo indorus
hoop pine, Araucaria cunninghamii
hormosira, Neptune's necklace, sea grapes, bubble weed, (kelp, Brown algae, Phylum Phaeophyta), Hormosira banksii
horn worts, (Phylum Anthocerotophyta), e.g. Anthoceros, Dendroceros, Felioceros, Notothyles, Phaeoceros
horn worts, (coon's tail), Ceratophyllum demersum, Ceratophyllaceae, (horn wort family, dicotyledon)
horse chestnut tree, common horse chestnut, conker, buckeye, Aesculus hippocastanum
horsebean, Vicia faba var. equina
hyacinth, golden hyacinth, Hyacinthus orientalis
hydrangea, wild hydrangea, Hydrangea arborescens
I.
ilama, pink ilama, white ilama, Annona diversifolia
imbe, Garcinia livingstonei
imbu, Spondias tuberosa
Indian hemp, Cannabis sativa
inga, Inga spp.
iris, blueflag, Iris versicolor
ivory nut palm, Phytelephas macrocarpa
ivy, English ivy, Hedera helix
ivy, poison ivy, rhus tree "natural lacquer", Toxicodendron radicans, Anacardiaceae
J.
jaboticaba, Myrciaria cauliflora
jackfruit, kathal, jaca, Artocarpus heterophyllus
Jamaica cherry, Muntingia calabura
Java plum, jambolan, Syzygium cumini
Java tea, cats whiskers, Orthosiphon stamineus
jelly palm, Butia capitata
Jerusalem artichoke, (girasole articiocca), sunflower artichoke, Helianthus tuberosus
jimson weed, Datura stramonium
jonquil, Narcissus jonquilla
jujube, Indian jujube, Malay jujube, Zizyphus mauritiana
jujube, Chinese jujube, Zizyphus jujuba
juniper tree, common juniper, Juniperus communis
jute, Corchorus olitorius
K.
Kaffir plum, Harpehyllum caffrum
kamarere, Eucalyptus deglupta
kapok, pochote, Ceiba pentandra
karanda, Carissa carandas
kei apple, Dovyalis caffra
kelp (large sea weeds, Algae, Phaeophyceae, Laminariales), e.g. Ecklonia
ketemfe, Thaumatococcus danielli
kikuyu grass, elphant grass, Pennisetum clandestinum
king orange, Citrus nobilis
kitembilla, Dovyalis hebecarpa
kiwi fruit, Actinidia deliciosa
kiwi fruit, Actinidia chinensis
kola nut, Cola acuminata, Cola nitida
koronivia grass, Brachiaria humidicola
kudzu, Pueraria montana, var. lobata, (P. lobata)
kumquat, round kumquat, (marumi), Fortunella japonica
kumquat, sweet kumquat, (meiwa), Fortunella crassifolia
kumquat, oval kumquat, (nagami),  Fortunella margarita
kurrajong tree, whiteflower kurrajong, Brachychiton populneum
kuwini, Mangifera odorata
kwaimuk, Artocarpus hypargyreus
L.
lablab bean, Lablab purpureus
laminaria, olive-brown kelp, Japanese kombu, (Brown algae, Phylum Phaeophyta), Laminaria ephemera
langsat, Lansium domesticum
lantana, Lantana camara
larch trees, tamarack, (Conifers Phylum Pinophyta), European larch, Larix decidua
larkspur, delphinium, staves acre, house wort, two lobe larkspur, Delphinium nuttallianum
lavender, Lavandula angustifolia
leek, garden leek, Allium porrum
legumes, Tropical grasses and pasture legumes
lemon, Meyer lemon, Citrus limon
lemon (Citrus × limon)
lemon balm, Melissa officinalis
lemon grass, Cymbopogon citratus
lentil, Lens culinaris
lesser yam, Dioscorea esculenta
lesser celandine (Ranunculus ficaria)
lettuce, Lactuca sativa
leucaena, white leadtree, Leucaena leucocephala
lilac tree, Syringia vulgaris
lily, tiger lily, Lilium lancifolium
lime, thornless lime, Tahiti or Persian lime, Citrus latifolia
lime, Spanish lime, Melicocca bijuga
lime (fruit), Citrus aurantifolia
limeberry, Triphasia trifolia
linden tree, lime tree, Tilia europaea, (T. cordata X T. platyphyllos)
lingaro, Eleagnus philippensis
liquorice, Glycyrrhiza glabra
lobelias, Lobelia sp., Campanulaceae
loco weed, stagger weed, Astragalus
loganberry, Rubus X loganobaccus, Rosaceae
longan, kohala, Euphoria longana
loofah, sponge gourd, Luffa aegyptiaca
loquat, Eriobotrya japonica
loranthus, mulberry mistletoe, Ramulus loranthis
lotononis, Lotononis bainesii
lotus, sacred lotus, Nelumbo nucifera
love-in-a-mist, Nigella damascena
lovi-lovi, Flacourtia inermis
lucerne, Medicago sativa
lucmo, Pouteria obovata
lupin, lupine, fleshy lupine, Lupinus affinis
lychee, litchi, Litchi chinensis
M.
mabolo, Diospyros blancoi (D. discolor)
macadamia nut, rough shell, Macadamia tetraphylla
macadamia nut, Queensland nut, Macadamia integrifolia
macrocystis, bull kelp, giant kelp, (Brown algae, Phylum Phaeophyta, thickens ice cream), Macrocystis pyrifera
madruno, Rheedia madruno
maidenhair tree, ginkgo, Phylum Ginkgophyta, Ginkgo biloba
maize, corn, sweet corn, Indian corn, Zea mays
malay apple, mountain apple, Syzygium malaccense
male ferns, shield ferns, wood ferns, autumn ferns, southern wood fern, Dryopteris ludoviciana
mallow, common mallow, Malva neglecta
mamey apple, Mammea americana
mamey sapote, Calocarpum sapota, (Pouteria sapota)
mamoncillo, Melicocca bijuga, (Melicoccus bijugatus)
mandarin orange, Citrus reticulata
mandrake, Mandragora officinarum
mangaba, Hancornia speciosa
mango, Mangifera indica
mangosteen, Garcinia mangostana
mangrove, black mangrove, Avicennia germinans
maple, boxelder, sugar maple, Acer saccharum
maprang, Bouea macrophylla
marchantia, (Liverwort, Phylum Hepatophyta), Marchantia foliacia
marigold, French marigold, Tagetes patula
marigold, pot marigold, Calendula officinalis
marijuana, Cannabis sativa
marmalade box, Genipa americana
marrow, squash, kiwano, Cucumis metuliferus
marsh marigold, cowslip, yellow marsh marigold, Caltha palustris
marshmallow, Althaea officinalis,
marsilea, (aquatic fern), Marsilea drummondi
mastigocladus (thermophilic, lives in hot springs, Blue-green algae, Cyanobacteria), Mastigocladus laminosus
matasano, Casimiroa edulis
may apple, Podophyllum
Maya breadnut, Brosimum alicastrum
meadow sweet, Spirea ulmaria
melilot, Melilot officinalis
meyer lemon, Citrus X meyeri
Michaelmas daisy, New England aster, Symphyotrichum novae-angliae
mildew, powdery mildew, (Erysiphales, Phylum Ascomycota, ascomycetes), powdery mildew of grapes, Erysiphe necator
millet, finger millet, Eleusine coracana, Poaceae
millet, foxtail millet, Setaria italica, (Panicum italicum), Poaceae
millet, pearl millet, Pennisetum glaucum, Poaceae
millet, common millet, hog millet, white millet, (white proso millet, birdseed millet), Panicum miliaceum, Poaceae
mint, garden mint, Mentha spicata
miracle fruit, Synsepalum dulcificum
mistletoe, (monotypic genus, parasite), Loranthus europaeus
molasses grass, Melinis minutiflora
mombin, purple or red mombin, Spondias purpurea
mombin, yellow mombin, Spondias mombin
money wort, creeping jenny, Lysimachia nummularia
monstera, Monstera deliciosa
mosquito fern, water fern, floating fern, Azolla pinnata
moss, (Phylum Bryophyta, Musci), e.g. Catharinea, Dawsonia, Funaria, Mnium, Polytrichum, Sphagnum, Stricta
mother-in-law's tongue, snake plant, Sansevieria trifasciata
mulberry, white mulberry, Morus alba
mung bean, green gram bean, Vigna radiata, (Phaseolus aureus)
mung bean, green gram bean, Phaseolus aureus
muntingia, Muntingia calabura
mushroom plant, Rungia klossii
musk grass, stone worts, (submerged aquatic plants, Green algae, Phylum Chlorophyta), Chara tomentosa
mustard, black mustard, table mustard, Brassica nigra
mustard, white mustard, yellow mustard, (mustard and cress sandwich), Sinapsis alba, (Brassica alba, Brassica hirta)
mustard, brown Indian mustard, Brassica juncea
myrobalan, Phyllanthus emblica
myrrh, Commiphora abyssinica
myrtle, rose myrtle, Rhodomyrtus tomentosa
Mysore raspberry, Rubus albescens
N.
namnam, Cynometra cauliflora
nance, Byrsonima crassifolia
naranjilla, Solanum quitoense
nasturtium, "nose twister", Tropaeolum polyphyllum
Natal plum, Carissa grandiflora
natural turpentine, Abies balsamea
natural lacquer Toxicodendron vernicifluum
nauclea, Nauclea esculenta
navicula (boat-shaped diatom, Phylum Bacillariophyta), Navicula tripunctata
nemalion, (Red algae, Phylum Rhodophyta), Nemalion
nereocystis, (giant kelp, Brown algae, Phylum Phaeophyta, thickens ice cream), Nereocystis luetkaena
nettle, stinging nettle, common nettle, Urtica dioica
ngali nut, Canarium
nigella, devil in the bush, Spanish fennel, black cumin, Nigella sativa
nipa palm, Nypa fruticans
nispero, Manilkara zapota
nitella, Nitella clavata
noctiluca, (dinoflagellates Phylum Pyrrophyta), Noctiluca scintillans
nostoc, (Blue-green algae / Cyanobacteria, Phylum Cyanidophyta), Nostoc azollae
nutgrass, flatsedge, Cyperus rotundus
nutmeg, Myristica fragrans
O.
oak trees, English oak, pedunculate oak, Quercus robur
oats, common oat, Avena sativa
oca, Oxalis tuberosa
ochromonas, (golden / golden brown algae, Phylum Chrysophyta), Ochromonas danica
odontella, (marine diatom, Phylum Bacillariophyta), Odontella
oedogonium, (Green algae, Phylum Chlorophyta, Oedogonium, Oedogonium cardiacum
oil palm, African oil palm, Elaeis guineensis
oil of wintergreen, Gaultheria procumbens
okra, gumbo, lady's finger, lady finger, Abelmoschus esculentus, (Hibiscus esculentus)
olax, Olax stricta
oleander, Nerium oleander
olive, Olea europaea
olosapo, Couepia polyandra
onion, Allium cepa var. cepa
ophiocytium, (Yellow-Green Algae, Phylum Xanthophyta), Ophiocytium apiculatum
opium poppy, Papaver somniferum
orange, sweet orange, Citrus X sinensis
orchid, military orchid, Orchis militaris
Oscillatoria, (Blue-green algae / Cyanobacteria, Phylum Cyanidophyta), Oscillatoria princeps
Otaheite gooseberry, Phyllanthus acidus
Otaheite apple, Spondias cytherea
oxalis, wood sorrel, Oxalis acetosella
P.
padina, (Brown algae, Phylum Phaeophyta), Padina pavonica
palm grass, fan-leafed pit pit, Setaria palmifolia
palms, Family Palmae, monocotyledon, e.g. coconut palm Cocos nucifera, oil palm Elaeis guineensis, betel palm Areca catechu
Panama berry: Red, Yellow Muntingia calabura
pandorina, (Green algae, Phylum Chlorophyta), Pandorina morum
pangola grass, Digitaria eriantha
pansy,European field pansy, Viola arvensis
papaya, pawpaw, Carica papaya
papaya, babaco, (hybrid: C. stipulata X C. pubescens), Carica pentagona
papaya, mountain papaya, Carica pubescens
paperbark tree, Melaleuca alternifolia
para grass, Brachiaria mutica
para grass, Urochloa mutica
parsley, curly leaf parsley, Petroselinum crispum
parsnip, Pastinaca sativa
paspalum, crown grass, Paspalum hieronymi
passion fruit, passionfruit, Passiflora caerulea
pea, garden pea, table pea, Pisum sativum var. hortense
pea, field pea, (pulse used for dal and green manure), Pisum sativum var. arvense
peach palm, Bactris gasipaes
peach, Prunus persica
peanut, groundnut, Arachis hypogaea
pear, Prunus communis
pejibaye, Bactris gasipaes
pelargonium, Pelargonium capitatum
pellia, (Liverworts, Phylum Hepatophyta), Pellia fabroniana
pennyroyal, Mentha pulegium
peperomia, Peperomia
pepper, capsicum, periwinkle, Vinca major (Catharanthus is also called "periwinkle")
persimmon, Diospyros
persimmon, Japanese or Oriental persimmon, Diospyros kaki
persimmon, seedless, Diospyros virginiana
phasey bean, Macroptilium lathyroides
phlox, Phlox acuminata
pickle fruit, Averrhoa bilimbi
pig face, Carpobrotus glaucescens
pigeon pea, Cajanus cajan
pimento, allspice, Pimenta dioica
pimpernel, "scarlet pimpernel", Anagallis arvensis
pine tree, (Conifers, Phylum Pinophyta, notan angiosperm), Pinus quadrifolia
pineapple, Ananas comosus
pinto pea, Arachis pintoi
pit pit grass, Miscanthus floridulus
pitanga, Eugenia uniflora
pitaya, Cereus peruvianus
pitcher plant, Sarracenia
pitcher plants, North American pitcher plants, purple pitcher plant, Sarracenia purpurea
pitcher plants, East Indian pitcher plant, Nepenthes mirabilis
pitomba, Eugenia luschnathiana
plantain, Musa hybrids
platycerium (epiphyte) staghorn fern, elkhorn fern, Platycerium Ferns, (Phylum Pteridophyta), Platycerium alcicorne
pleodorina (aquatic, algal blooms, Green algae, Phylum Chlorophyta), Pleodorina caudata
Pleurococcus, (Protococcus), (algae on bark of trees, most abundant living thing on earth, Phylum Chlorophyta), Pleurococcus vulgaris
plicatulum, Paspalum plicatulum
plum, European plum, Prunus domestica
podocarp, plum pines, real yellowwood, kusamaki, mahogany pine, (Conifers, Phylum Pinophyta), Podocarpus comptonii
poinciana, flame of the forest, Delonix regia
poinsettia, Euphorbia pulcherrima
poison ivy, rhus tree "natural lacquer", Toxicodendron radicans, Anacardiaceae
polysiphonia, (Red algae, Phylum Rhodophyta), Polysiphonia,
pomegranate, Punica granatum
pomelo, pumelo, Chinese grapefruit, pamplemousse, shaddock, Citrus maxima
pond apple, Annona glabra
poplar, European poplar, American cottonwood tree, Lombardy poplar, Populus nigra
poppy, opium poppy, Papaver somniferum
porphyra, "nori", laver, (Japanese edible sea weed, Red algae, Phylum Rhodophyta), Porphyra tenera
potato, Irish potato, Solanum tuberosum
prickly cycad, bread tree, white-haired cycad, (Cycad, Phylum Cycadophyta), Encephalartos altensteinii
prickly pear, Indian fig opuntia, Opuntia ficus-indica
primrose, Primula vulgaris
primrose, common evening primrose, Oenothera biennis
privet, European common hedge plant, Ligustrum vulgare
psilotum, whisk ferns, fork ferns, (Phylum Psilophyta, but may be true fern Pteridophyta), Psilotum nudum
puero, Pueraria phaseoloides
pulasan, Nephelium mutabile
pummelo, Citrus grandis
pumpkin, field pumpkin, Cucurbita pepo, ("Australian pumpkin", winter squash, Cucurbita maxima)
purslane, Portulaca australis
pyrethrum, Chrysanthemum cinerariaefolium
Q.
Queensland nut, Macadamia integrifolia
quince, Cydonia oblonga
quinine, Cinchona
R.
radish, Raphanus raphanistrum, wild radish, horse radish, radish, herbal medicine, vegetable, Brassicaceae
radish, Raphanus sativus
rafflesia, (the largest flower, plant parasite), Rafflesia arnoldii
rambai, Baccaurea dulcis
rambutan, Nephelia lappaceum
ramontchi, Flacourtia ramontchi
raspberry, Mysore raspberry, Rubus albescens
raspberry, red raspberry, Rubus idaeus
rattle pod, lebbeck, woman's tongues tree, Albizia lebbeck
rattlepod, rattlebox, Crotalaria
red clover, Trifolium pratense
redcurrent, red currant, Ribes rubrum
redwood, coast redwood, california redwood, sequoia, giant sequoia, redwood pine, giant redwood, Sequoia sempervirens
Rhodes grass,(cultivar: Callide), Chloris gayana
rhododendron, Rhododendron ponticum
rhodolith, (corraline red algae, Lithothamnium, Phylum Rhodophyta), Lithophyllum margaritae
riccia, (floating liverwort, Liverworts), Riccia congoana
rice, Oryza sativa
rockmelon, Cucumis melo reticulatus
rockmelon, Cucumis melo reticulatus
rose apple, Syzygium jambos
rose myrtle, Rhodomyrtus tomentosa
rose, dog rose, Rosa canina
roselle, rosella, rama, Hibiscus sabdariffa
rowan, mountain ash, wiggentree, witchen, whitebeam, service tree, Sorbus aucuparia
rubber, natural rubber, para rubber, hevea rubber, Hevea brasiliensis
rukam, Flacourtia rukam
rungia, Rungia pectinata
runner bean, scarlet runner bean, Phaseolus coccineus
S.
sabi grass, Urochloa mosambicensis
sago palm, pearl sago, commercial sago, Metroxylon sagus, (Metroxylon rumphii)
sago palm, (not a true monocotyledon palm), fern palm, Cycas pectinata
Saint John's wort, Hypericum perforatum
Saint John's bread, Ceratonia siliqua
salad mallow, Corchorus olitorius
salak palm, Salacca edulis
salix, weeping willow, (Chinese Peking Willow X European White Willow), Salix × sepulcralis
salvinia, giant water fern, (serious water weed), Salvinia molesta
sandalwood, Santalum paniculatum
santol, Sandoricum koetjape
sapodilla, Manilkara zapota
sapota, Sapota, (Sapodilla)
sapote, mamey sapote, Calocarpum sapota
sapote, South American sapote, Quararibea cordata
sapote, black sapote, Diospyros digyna, (D. ebenaster)
sapote, green sapote, Calocarpum viride
sapote, yellow sapote, Pouteria campechiana
sapote, white sapote, Casmiroa edulis, (C. tetrameria)
sargassum, (Brown algae, kelp, Phylum Phaeophyta), Sargassum natans
screw pine, Pandanus spiralis
screwpine, screw pine, pandanas, Pandanus tectorius
sea grape, Coccoloba uvifera
sea lettuce, (Green algae, Phylum Chlorophyta), Ulva lactuca
sea buckthorn, Hippophae rhamnosides
selaginella, spike moss, little club moss, peacock moss, queen of the night, (Club moss, Phylum Lycopodiophyta), Selaginella lepidophylla
senna, Egyptian senna, (herbal medicine), Senna alexandrina
sensitive plant, shameplant, Mimosa pudica
sesame, Sesamum indicum
setaria grass, Setaria anceps
Seville orange, Citrus aurantium
shaddock, Citrus grandis
shepherd's purse, Capsella bursa-pastoris
signal grass, (cultivar: Basilisk), Brachiaria decumbens, (Urochloa decumbens)
silverbeet, chard, Swiss chard, Beta vulgaris
siratro, Macroptilium atropurpureum
sisal, Agave sisalana
skeleton weed, (Chondrilla)
snake gourd, snake bean, New Guinea bean, (not a legume), Trichosanthes cucumerina
snapdragon, common snapdragon, Antirrhinum majus
soap bark tree, Quillaja saponaria
Solomon's seal, Polygonatum, X hybridum
soncoya, Annona purpurea
sorghum, Sorghum bicolor, (Sorghum vulgare)
sour orange, Citrus aurantium
soursop, mountain soursop, Annona montana
soursop, Annona muricata
soursop, Annona muricata
South American sapote, Quararibea cordata
soybean, soya bean, Glycine max
Spanish lime, Melicocca bijuga
Sphaerella, (Haematococcus, Green algae, Phylum Chlorophyta), Sphaerella platanifolia
spider wort, wandering jew, Tradescantia pallida
spiderflower Cleome
spike moss, Selaginella, spike moss, little club moss, peacock moss, queen of the night, Selaginellaceae, Lycopod, Phylum Lycopodiophyta
spinach, English spinach, Spinacia oleracea
spinfex, (perennial coastal grass), Spinifex longifolius
spirogyra, (spiral chloroplast, Green algae, Phylum Chlorophyta), Spirogyra crassa
spirulina, (edible nutrititous algae), (Blue-green algae / Cyanobacteria, Phylum Cyanidophyta), Spirulina maxima, and Spirulina platensis
spring onion, ramps, wild garlic, ail des bois, Allium tricoccum
spruce, common spruce, Norway spruce, (traditional "Xmas tree"), Picea abies
squash, summer squash, zucchini, Cucurbita pepo
squirting cucumber, Ecballium elaterium
St John's bread, carob, Ceratonia siliqua
stag horn fern, elkhorn fern, (Ferns, Phylum Pteridophyta), Platycerium bifurcatum
stag's horn club moss, ground pine, (Club moss, Phylum Lycopodiophyta), Lycopodium clavatum
stagger weed, loco weed, Astragalus
stangeria, (Cycad, Phylum Cycadophyta), Stangeria eriopsis
star apple, Chrysophyllum cainito
star fruit, carambola, five corners, Averrhoa carambola
stocks, gillyflower, Mathiola incana
stonecrop, Sedum, Crassulaceae
strawberry, Fragaria, x ananassa, (cv.)
stylo, shrubby stylo, Stylosonthes scabra
stylo, Townsville stylo, Stylosanthes humilis
stylo, Stylosanthes guyanensis
sugar-apple, Annona cherimola
sugar cane, Saccharum edule, and Saccharum officinarum
sugar-apple, Annona reticulata
sugar-apple, Annona squamosa
sun dew, sundew, Drosera rotundifolia
sunflower, Helianthus annuus
sunn hemp, rattlebox, Crotalaria juncea, Fabaceae
sunsapote, Licania platypus
Surinam cherry, Eugenia uniflora
swamp taro, Cyrtosperma chamissonis
sweet flag, Acorus calamus
sweet leaf, Stevia rebaudiana
sweet potato, kamara, kau kau, Ipomoea batatas
sweet orange, navel orange, Valencia orange, Citrus sinensis
sweet pea, sweet pea, grass pea, singletary pea, Lathyrus odoratus
sweetsop, Annona squamosa
sycamore tree, English sycamore, European great maple, Scotland plane tree, Acer pseudoplatanus
sycamore, American sycamore, Platanus occidentalis
sycamore, in Bible, sycamore fig, fig mulberry, Ficus sycomorus
T.
tamarind, Indian date, Tamarindus indica
tangelo, Citrus reticulata X C. grandis
tangerine, Citrus X tangerina
tangerine orange, Citrus reticulata
tangor, Citrus reticulata X C. sinensis
tannia, tana, Chinese taro, Xanthosoma sagittifolium
taro, Chinese taro, "Kong Kong taro", Tannia, Yautia, "Cocoyam", Xanthosoma sagittifolium
taro, giant taro, wild taro, kape, elephant's ear, Alocasia macrorrhiza
taro, ordinary taro, common taro, dasheen, Colocasia esculenta, (Arum esculentum, Caladium esculentum, Colocasia antiquorum)
taro, swamp taro, babai, Cyrtosperma chamissonis
taxus, European yew, Taxus baccata
tea tree, Australian tea tree, Melaleuca alternifolia
tea tree Leptospermum
tea, Camellia sinensis
teak Tectona grandis
Terminalia, (forest tree)
thale cress, rock cress, mouse ear cress, Arabidopsis thaliana, (the first plant to have its entire genome sequenced), Arabidopsis thaliana
tobacco, Nicotiana tabacum
tobacco, cultivated tobacco, Nicotiana tabacum
tomato, Solanum lycopersicum, (Lycopersicon esculentum)
tooth wort, (root parasites), Lathraea squamaria
Tradescantia, spider wort
Traveller's palm, Ravenala madagascariensis
tree tomato, tamarillo, Cyphomandra betacea
tree-like aloe, Aloe candelabra
trefoil, bird's foot trefoil, asparagus pea, winged pea, (many clovers, genus Trifolium, are called trefoils: 3 leaflets), Lotus corniculatus
tribonema, (Yellow Green Algae, Phylum Xanthophyta), Tribonema vulgare
tulip, Tulipa gesneriana
tumeric, Curcuma longa
tuna, Opuntia ficus-indica
tung oil tree, Aleurites fordii
turnip, Brassica rapa, var. rapa
turpentine, natural turpentine, Abies balsamea
U.
ulothrix, (Green algae, Phylum Chlorophyta), Ulothrix zonata
uvalha, Eugenia uvalha
V.
valeriant, Valeriana officinalis
vanilla vine, Vanilla planiflora, (V. fragrans)
vaucheria, (Yellow-Green Algae, Phylum Xanthophyta), Vaucheria dispema
vegetable braln, Blighia sapida
velvet apple, Diospyros blancoi, (D. discolor)
velvet tamarlnd, Dialium indum
Venus' fly trap, Venus fly trap, Dionaea muscipula
vervain, blue vervain, (used as an infusion), Verbena officinalis
vetch, European vetch, Vicia disperma
vinca, Vinca minor
violet, field pansy, Viola bicolor
Virginia creeper, woodbine, Parthenocissus tricuspidata
Volvox, (Green algae, Phylum Chlorophyta), Volvox aureus
W.
wallflower, Cheiranthus cheri
walnut, black walnut, Juglans nigra
wampee, wampi, Clausena lansium
water weed, Canadian water weed, Elodea canadensis, (Anacharis), Hydrochariataceae, (tape grass family, monocotyledon)
water apple, Syzygium aqueum
water hyacinth, common water hyacynth, (fast growing aquatic weed, "worst weed in the world"), Eichhornia crassipes
water lily, European water lily, Nymphaea alba
watercress, Nasturtium officinale
watermelon, camel melon, Citrullus lanatus
wattle, black wattle, Acacia concurrens
wax jambu, Syzygium javanicum
wax flower, Geralton wax flower, Chamelaucium uncinatum
West Indian cherry, Malpighia glabra
wheat, (tetraploid durum wheat), Triticum turgidum var. durum
wheat, (hexaploid bread wheat), Triticum aestivum
white mustard, (mustard and cress sandwiches), Sinapsis alba, (Brassica alba)
white bryony, bryony, English mandrake, Bryonia alba
whlte sapote, Casimiroa edulis
whlte sapote, wooly-leaved white sapote, Casimiroa tetrameria
wild cabbage, Brassica oleracea
willow tree, weeping willow, Salix X sepulcralis, (Peking willow Salix babylonica X white willow Salix alba)
wing bean, winged bean, four-angled bean, as bin, Goa bean, Psophocarpus tetrogonolobus
wisteria, wistaria, (climbing legume), Wisteria sinensis
wood ferns, male fern, buckler fern, Dryopteris filix-mas
wood avens, Geum urbanum
wormwood, common wormwood, absinthe wormwood, Artemisia absinthium
Y.
yam, common yam, greater yam, water yam, winged yam, white yam, Guyana arrowroot, ten months yam, name-de-agua, Dioscorea alata, (D. rubella)
yam, aerial yam, wild yam, bulbil yam, potato yam, Dioscorea bulbifera
yam, lesser yam, pan, Dioscorea esculenta
yam, (leaf with 3-5 lobes), Dioscorea pentophylla
yam, (spiny stem), Dioscorea numularia
yam bean, Pachyrrhizus
yangtao, Actinidia chinensis
yard long bean, Vigna unguiculata
yellow dock, Rumex crispus
yellow vetchling, Lathyrus aphaca
yellow vetchling, Lathyrus ochroleucis
yellow sapote, Pouteria campechiana
yerba mate, Ilex paraguariensis
Z.
zebrina, wandering jew, Tradescantia zebrina, (T. fluminensis, T. pallida), (formerly Zebrina pendula)
zucchini, summer squash, Cucurbita pepo
zygnema, (two stellate chloroplasts, found near Spirogyra, Green algae, Phylum Chlorophyta), Zygnema pectinatum
@@@
abiu, Pouteria caimito
acacia, gum arabic tree, Acacia nilotica
acerola: Florida Sweet, Malpighia glabra
African violet, Usambara violet, (Saintpaulia ionantha): 4.3.1
akee, Blighia sapida
aibika, hibiscus cabbage, musk mallow, Pacific cabbage, bele, pele, Abelmoschus manihot, (Hibiscus manihot), Malvaceae
albizia, (cocoa shade, fuel wood tree), Albizia
aloe, herbal aloe, Aloe vera
almond, sweet almond, Prunus dulcis, (Prunus amygdalus, Amygdalus communis)
amaranth, love-lies-bleeding, careless weed, green stripe, prostrate pigged, Amaranthus albus
Amazon tree grape, Pourouma spp.
ambarella, Spondias cytherea
American eel grass, Vallisneria Americana, Hydrocharitaceae, (tape grass family, monocotyledon)
anemone, pasque flower, Anemone vulgaris
Anthoceros, ("flower horn", Horn wort, Bryophyte), Anthoceros neesii
apple, common apple, Malus, X domestica
apple, Dorsett Golden, Tropical Beauty,  Malus pumila (M. sylvestris)
apple, crab apple, wild apple, Malus sylvestris
apricot, Prunus armeniaca, (Armeniaca vulgaris)
araca, Psidium araca
areca palm, betel palm, Areca catechu
arrowhead, Sagittaria sagittifolia
arrowroot, Maranta arundinacea
arum lily, Zantedeschia aethiopica
ash tree, Fraxinus excelsior
aspen tree, European aspen tree, Populus tremula
atemoya, African Pride, Annona hybrid
autumn crocus Colchicum autumnale, Liliaceae
avocado, Persea gratissima, (Persea americana)
axillaris, Macrotyloma axillare
azalea, pink azalea, (Rhododendron subgenus azaleastrum), Rhododendron periclymenoides
Azolla, water fern, duckweed fern, floating fern, mosquito fern, N-fixing symbiotic cyanobacteria Anabaena azollae, within leaf cavities, biofertilizer, Pteridophyta, Family Azollaceae
Azolla filiculoides, Pacific azolla
Azolla pinnata, ferny azolla

B.
bael fruit, Aegle marmelos
bamboo, common bamboo, Bambusa vulgaris
banana, edible banana, Musa acuminata
banana, Cavendish, Musa hybrids
banksia, coastal banksia, Banksia integrifolia
Barbados cherry, Florida Sweet, Malpighia glabra
Barbados gooseberry, Pereskia aculeata
barley, cereal. Hordeum vulgare
basella, Ceylon spinach, Basella alba
batiki blue grass, smut grass, Ischaemum indicum
bean, adzuki bean, red bean use in Chinese bean paste, Phaseolus angularis, (Vigna angularis)
bean, beach bean, Canavalia rosea
bean, broad bean, fava bean, horse bean, field bean, tic bean, Windsor bean, vetch, tare, hairy vetch, Vicia faba
bean, common bean, French bean, haricot bean, field bean, snap bean, string bean, wax bean, caraota, poroto, Phaseolus vulgaris
bean, jack bean, common jack bean, pig bean, wonder bean, horse bean, ("awikiwiki, the quick one" Hawaiian name, origin of "wikipedia"), Canavalia ensiformis, Fabaceae,
bean, sword bean, Canavalia gladiata, (C. cathartica), Fabaceae
bean, lavafield jack bean (also "awikiwiki"), Canavalia pubescens, Fabaceae
beach bean, bay bean, wild jack bean, Canavalia rosea, Fabaceae
bean, lima bean, Phaseolus lunatus, (Phaseolus limensis)
bean, scarlet runner bean, runner bean, potato bean, white Dutch runner bean, Phaseolus coccineus
Bermuda couch, Cynodon dactylon
beech tree, Fagus sylvatica
beet, red beetroot, table beet, garden beet, red beet, Beta vulgaris
begonia, scarlet begonia, Begonia coccinea
betel palm, areca palm, betel nut, Areca catechu
betel pepper, (leaf eaten with betel palm nut), Piper betle
bignay, Antidesma bunius
bilimbi,  Averrhoa bilimbi
bindweed, scammony, dwarf morning glory, field bindweed, Convolvulus arvensis
birch tree, silver birch, European birch, Betula pendula
bird chilli, Capsicum frutescens
bird’s foot trefoil, (legume), Lotus corniculatus
bird's nest orchid, Neottia nidus-avis
birdwood grass, Cenchrus setigerus
biriba, Rollinia deliciosa
bitter cucumber, bitter gourd, balsam pear, Momordica charantia
blackberry, (bramble), Rubus fructicosus
black currant, European black currant, Ribes nigrum
black pepper, Piper nigrum
black sapote, Diospyros digyna
blackberry,  Rubus hybrids
bladder wort, leafy bladder wort, Utricularia foliosa
blueberry, highbush blueberry, Vaccinium corymbosum
bok choy, pak choy, Brassica campestris
borojo, Borojoa patinoi
bossiaea, (reduced leaves, cladode), Bossiaea foliosa
bottle gourd, Lagenaria siceraria
bougainvillea, Bougainvillea glabra, Nyctaginaceae
bracken fern, western bracken fern, Pteridium aquilinum
breadfruit, Artocarpus altilis
broad bean, fava bean field bean, bell bean, tic bean, Vicia faba
broomrape, choke weed, (leafless root parasite), Orobanche ramosa
broomweed, prairie broom weed, Amphiachyris dracunculoides
brush cherry, Eugenia paniculata
bryony, white bryony, English mandrake, kua-lou, ladies' seal, Bryonia dioica
bacupari, Rheedia brasiliensis
buffel grass, (cultivar: Biloela), Cenchrus ciliaris
bulbil yam, potato yam, aerial yam, air potato, wild yam, Dioscorea bulbifera
bullock's heart, Annona reticulata
Burdekin plum,  Pleiogynium timorense, (P. cerasiferum)
burrawang palm, (Cycad, Cycadophyta), Macrozamia communis
busy lizzie, garden balsam, Impatiens balsamina, (I. sultani, I. walleriana)
butcher's broom, ruscus, knee holly, Ruscus aculeatus
buttercup, meadow buttercup, Ranunculus acris
butterfly pea, flor de conchitas, Centrosema pubescens
butter wort, (carnivorous), Pinguicula acris
byfield fern, cycad fern, Bowenia spectabilis
C.
cabbage, Brassica oleracea
caimito, Chrysophyllum cainito
calabura, Muntingia calabura  
calamondin, Citrus madurensis, (C. microcarpa)
calopo grass, Calopogonium mucunoides
camelia, Camelia sasanqua, Theaceae
camomile, chamomile. blue camomile, German camomile, may weed (used for camomile tea), Matricaria recutita
camomile, Roman camomile, dog fennel, Anthemis nobilis
camphor, camphor laurel, Cinnamomum camphora
camu camu, Myrciaria paraensis
Canadian pondweed, Elodea canadensis
Canadian waterweed, Elodea canadensis, (Anacharis), Hydrochariataceae, (tape grass family, monocotyledon)
Canadian turnip, rutabaga, swede, turnip, Brassica napus
canistel, Pouteria campechiana
canna, canna lily, Canna amabilis
cantaloupe melon, Cucumis melo
canola, (from Canada + oleum), (rapeseed cultivars), oil seed rape, Brassica napus X Brassica campestris
cape primrose, Streptocarpus
capsicum, If hot: chilli, chillies, chilli peppers, hot peppers, tabasco pepper (chilli, chile peppers in USA) chile, guindilla, Capsicum annuum
capsicum, If not hot: capsicums, bell peppers, peppers, sweet peppers, green peppers, red peppers, pimiento, ají, Capsicum annuum
capsicum, bird chilli, Capsicum frutescens
capulin, Red, Yellow, Prunus salicifolia
carambola, star fruit, five corners, Averrhoa carambola
cardboard palm, (Cycad), Zamia furfuracea
carissa, Carissa grandiflora
carnation, pink, clove pink, malmaison, sops-in-wine, gillyvor, gillyflower, carnation, pinks, sweet william, ornamental, Dianthus caryophllus
carob tree, St. John's bread, Ceratonia siliqua
carrageenans, Irish "moss", kelp, (in cough mixtures, Brown algae, Phylum Phaeophyta), Chondrus crispus
carribean, Stylosanthes hamata
carrot, Daucus carota
cas, Psidium friedrichsthalianum
cashew tree, cashew nut tree, Anarcardium occidentale
cassava, tapioca, Manihot esculenta
cassia tree, senna of Cassia, golden shower, (cassia bark, cooking herb), Cinnamomum cassia
castor oil plant, castor bean, Ricinus communis
cathedral bells, Kalanchoe pinnata
cattley guava, Psidium cattleianum
cauliflower, (flowered cabbage), collard, cabbage, kale, kai-lan, Brussels sprout (cabbage-like buds), kohlrabi, broccoli, Brassica oleracea var.
cecropia, Cecropia peltata
cedar, incense cedar, Calocedrus decurrens
celery, celeriac, (crisp leaf stalks), Apium graveolens
centro grass, Centrosema pubescens
ceratium, (dinoflagellate, colours the upper ocean red), Ceratium macroceros
cereals, cereal grains, (from grasses), Poaceae
ceriman, Monstera deliciosa
Ceylon gooseberry, Dovyalis hebecarpa
Ceylon peach,, Saharanpur, Prunus persica
chara, musk grass, stone wort, (Algae), Chara tomentosa
charichuela, Rheedia macrophylla
cherimoya, Annona cherimola
cherry, Japanese flowering cherry, (cherry blossom), Prunus serrulata
cherry of the Rio Grande,  Eugenia aggregata
cherry, sweet cherry, Prunus avium
cherry, sour cherry, Prunus cerasus
cherry, wild cherry, black cherry, Prunus serotina.
chick pea, garbanzo bean, Indian pea, cecci bean, Bengal gram, Cicer arietinum
chick weed, star wort, common chick weed, Stellaria media
chicozapote, Manilkara zapata
chilli, chillies, chilli peppers, chile peppers, Capsicum annuum
chilli, bird chilli, Capsicum frutescens
Chinese cabbage, bak choi, turnip, rapini, Brassica rapa, (Brassica chinensis)
Chinese date, Zizyphus jujuba
Chinese gooseberries, Actinidia chinensis
Chinese lantern, Quincula lobata
Chinese lantern, Abutilon
Chinese raisin, Hovenia dulcis
Chinese taro, tannia, tana, kong kong taro, cocoyam, Xanthosoma sagittifolium
Chinese yam, cinnamon vine, shan-yao, Dioscorea batatas
chives, Chinese chives, Allium tuberosum
chlamydomonas, (Green algae, Phylum Chlorophyta), Chlamydomonas reinhardtii
choko, chatote, vegetable peat, Sechium edule
Christmas fern, shield fern, sword fern, Polystichum acrostichoides
chrysanthemum, (Leucanthemum), daisy, Chrysanthemum majus
chrysanthemum, X grandiflora, florist's chrysanthemum, florist's daisy, (hybrid), Chrysanthemum X morifolium
chrysanthemum, pyrethrum, Chrysanthemum cinerariaefolium
cinnamon, (cinnamon stick used as herb), Cinnamomum zeylanicum
citron, Citrus medica
citrus fruit, (agrumes, sour fruits), lime, orange, pomelo, lemon, citron, grapefruit, mandarin, Citrus
clematis, virgin's bower, leather flower, traveller's joy, Clematis brachiata
cleome, spider plant, (flower with very long stamens), Asian spider flower, Cleome viscosa
climbing bean, Phaseolus vulgaris
closterium, (desmid, Phylum Chlorophyta), Closterium cornu
clove, Eugenia caryophyllus
clover, white clover, (trifoliate leaves), Trifolium repens
cluster bean, Astragalus gummifer
cobbler's pegs, (sharp-pointed seeds get in your socks), Bidens pilosa
coca shrub, (leaves stimulant, contains cocaine alkaloid), Erythroxylon novogranatense, (E. coca)
coco plum, Chrysobalanus icaco
cocoa bean, (used to make chocolate), Theobroma cacao
cocona, Solanum topiro, (S. sessiliflorum)
coconut palm, (a “coconut” is the hard-shelled seed), Cocos nucifera
coffee, arabica coffee, Coffea arabica
coffee, robusta coffee, Coffea canephora
columbine, European columbine, Aquilegia vulgaris
columbus grass, Sorghum almum
comfrey, common comfrey, Symphytum officinale
common bean, Phaseolus vulgaris
conifer, Phylum Pinophyta, gymnosperm, cone-bearing trees
coral tree, Erythrina
corallina, (coral algae, red sea weed, red algae, Phylum Rhodophyta), Corallina officinalis
cordyline, cabbage tree, Cordyline australis
cork, (phellem tissue from cork oak), Quercus suber
corn (USA), Indian corn, maize, Zea Mays
corn (UK), wheat, Triticum
cotopriz, Talisia oliviformis
cotton, sea island cotton, Gossypium barbadense
couch grass, Cynodon dactylon
cowpea, black eye pea, southern bean, China pea, Kaffir pea, marble pea, snake bean, yard long bean, Vigna unguiculata
creeping jenny, trailing loose strife, money wort, yellow flowers, Lysimachia nummularia
cress, garden cress (not "watercress") pepper grass, lepidium cress, Lepidium sativum
crocus, Dutch crocus, Crocus vernus
crotalaria, rattle box, shake shake, sunn hemp, Crotalaria indica
cucumber, garden cucumber, Cucumis sativus
cucurbits, Vegetables, pumpkin family, (Cucurbitaceae)
currant, red currant, Ribes rubrum
currant, European black current, Ribes nigrum
custard apple, custard apple, bullock's heart, Annona reticulata, (sweet sop, Annona squamata)
cycad, Phylum Cycadophyta, gymnosperm
sago palm, (not a true monocotyledon palm), fern palm, Cycas pectinata

D.
daffodil, jonquil, narcissus, asphodel, lent lily, Narcissus pseudonarcissus
dahlia, red dahlia, Dahlia coccinea
daisy, oxeye daisy, "day's eye", Chrysanthemum leucanthemum, (Leucanthemum vulgare)
daisy. lawn daisy, Bellis perennis
dandelion, common dandelion, Taraxacum officinale
date palm, Phoenix dactylifera
dawsonia, Dawsonia, Moss, Phylum Bryophyta
deadly nightshade, Atropa belladonna
dead nettle, (not a nettle and does not sting), henbit, white dead nettle, Lamium album
derris, Derris elliptica
desmodium grass, green leaf desmodium, Desmodium intortum
desmodium grass, silver leaf desmodium, Desmodium uncinatum
devil's twine, (leafless parasite), Cassytha glabella
dictyota, (Brown algae, Phylum Phaeophyta), Dictyota dichotoma
dinobryon, (Golden Brown algae, Chrysophyta, Chrysophyceae), Dinobryon bavaricum
dodder, greater dodder, (noxious weed), Cuscuta europea
dog rose, (not rose hip), Rosa canina
dovyalis, Abyssinian Dovyalis,  Dovyalis abyssinica
dovyalis hybrid, Dovyalis abyssinica x D. hebecarpa
downy myrtle, Rhodomyrtus tomentosa
dracaena, dragon's blood, Dracaena draco
dryopteris, (ferns, Order Filicales, Phylum Pteridophyta, Pterophyta), Dryopteris
duck weed, common duck weed, Lemna minor
durian, Durio zibethinus

E.
East Indian plum, Flacourtia cataphracta
ecklonia, leather kelp, Brown algae, Phylum Phaeophyta, Ecklonia maxima
ectocarpus, (kelp, hair-like, Brown algae, Phylum Phaeophyta), Ectocarpus silicosis
edible fern, Takuma
egg fruit, Pouteria campechiana
egg plant, brinjal, aubergine, Solanum melongena
elm, American elm tree, Ulmus americana
elm, Chinese elm tree, (invasive), Ulmus parviflora
elodea, Canadian pond weed, water weed, Canadian water weed, Elodea canadensis (Anacharis), Hydrochariataceae
emblic, Phyllanthus emblica
encephalartos, bread palm, Kaffir bread, prickly cycad, Encephalartos ferox
episcia, Episcia
erythrina, machete, cock's spur, coral bean, tiger's claw, Erythrina variegata
eucalyptus, "gum tree", stingy bark, Eucalyptus oblonga
eudorina, (colonial, Green algae, Phylum Chlorophyta), Eudorina elegans
Eugenia, euglena, (euglenoids Euglena, Phylum Euglenophyta, single cell, green, one, two flagella), Euglena viridis
evening primrose, Oenothera biennis

F.
fan palms, Chusan palm, windmill palm, Trachycarpus fortunei
fan worts, Cabomba caroliniana, Cabonbaceae, (water shield family, dicotyledon)
feijoa, Feijoa sellowiana
fennel, sweet fennel, Foeniculum vulgare
fescue, Festuca
Fijian longan, Pometia pinnata
fig, edible fig tree, brown fig, Turkey fig, Ficus carica
five corners, carambola, star fruit, Averrhoa carambola
flax, common flax, Linum usitatissimum
Florida cherry, Eugenia uniflora
four o'clock flower, marvel-of-Peru, beauty-of-the-night, Mirabilis jalapa var. albomaculata
frankincense, Boswellia carteri
frangipani, temple tree, pagoda tree, Plumeria rubra
freesia, Freesia refracta, Iridaceae
fuchsia, shrubby fuchsia, (hybrid cultivars), Fuchsia paniculata
fuelwood tree, Securingia
fume wort, spring fume wort, Corydalis solida
funaria, (moss, Phylum Bryophyta), Funaria hygrometrica

G.
gamboge, Garcinia xanthochymus
garden cress, Lepidium sativum
gardenia, Gardenia augusta, (G. jasminoides), Rubiaceae
garlic, cultivated garlic, Allium sativum
genip, Genipa americana
geranium, cranes bill. "true geraniums", hinahina, meadow geranium, Geranium pratense
geranium, "pelargoniums", "popular geraniums", Pelargonium capitatum
gerbera, Transvaal daisy, Barbeton daisy, Gerbera Jamesonii
giant granadilla,  Passiflora quadrangularis
giant taro, wild taro, kape, elephant's ear, Alocasia macrorrhiza
gigartina, giant marine kelp, (Red algae, Phylum Rhodophyta), Gigartina atropurpurea
ginger, garden ginger, Zingiber officinale
ginger, Japanese ginger, Zingiber mioga
ginkgo, Ginkgo biloba,
ginseng, Panax pseudoginseng
ginseng, Chinese ginseng, Panax ginseng
ginseng, Korean ginseng, elecampane tonic wine, Inula helenium
gladiolus, cornflag, ever flowering gladiolus, Gladiolus tristis
gliricidia, (cocoa shade), Gliricidia
gnetum, (mormon tea, Phylum Gnetophyta), jointfir, buko, Gnetum gnemon
gonium, (colonial algae,Green algae, Phylum Chlorophyta), Gonium pectorale
gooseberry, European gooseberry, Ribes uva-crispa
gorse, furze, common gorse, Ulex europaeus
gourd, bottle gourd, Lagenaria siceraria
governor's plum, Flacourtia indica
granadilla, purple granadilla, Passiflora edulis
grape, muscadine, wine grape, Vitis vinifera
grapefruit, Citrus X paradisi (C. maxima X C. sinensis)
grass, (Formerly family Gramineae, now family Poaceae), (Cereals, cereal gains, grains are grasses.)
grass, Tropical grasses and pasture legumes: 6.9.6.11
green gram bean, Phaseolus aureus
green panic, Panicum maximum
green sapote, Calocarpum viride
greengage plum, Prunus domestica cultivar, Rosaceae
grevilleas, silky oak (silky oak), Grevillea robusta
grosella, Phyllanthus acidus
ground ivy, alehoof, cat's foot, Glechoma hederacea
groundsel, gray rag wort, Senecio canus
grumichama, Eugenia dombeyi, (E. brasiIiensis)
guanabana, Annona muricata
guar tree, Cyamopsis tetragonobolus
guava, mangrove berry, Psidium guajava
guava, cattley guava, Psidium cattleianum
guava, pineapple guava, strawberry guava, Feijoa sellowiana
guava berry, Myrciaria floribunda
Guinea grass, hamil grass, (cultivar: Hamil), Panicum maximum
guarana, Paullinia cupana
gutta-percha, (natural rubber), Palaquium oblongifolium
gymnodinium (Phylum Pyrrophyta, naked dinoflagellate, causes red tide), Gymnodinium galatheanum

H.
hakea, silky hakea, Hakea sericea
hardy orange, Poncirus trifoliata
hawthorn, fireberry hawthorn, Crataegus chrysocarpa
haya blanca, Guatteria caribaea
hazelnut, common hazelnut, Corylus avellana
heather, Calluna vulgaris
hemp fibre plant, Indian hemp, marijuana, Cannabis sativa
Herbert River cherry, Antidesma dallachyanum
hetero grass, johnstone grass, Desmodium heterophyllum
hibiscus, rosemallow, mahoe, Hibiscus lunarifolius
hibiscus cabbage, aibika, bele, pele, Abelmoschus manihot, (Hibiscus manihot)
holly, Ilex
hollyhock, Alcea rosea
honesty, money plant, annual honesty, Lunaria annua
honeydew melon, Cucumis melo indorus
hoop pine, Araucaria cunninghamii
hormosira, Neptune's necklace, sea grapes, bubble weed, (kelp, Brown algae, Phylum Phaeophyta), Hormosira banksii
horn worts, (Phylum Anthocerotophyta), e.g. Anthoceros, Dendroceros, Felioceros, Notothyles, Phaeoceros
horn worts, (coon's tail), Ceratophyllum demersum, Ceratophyllaceae, (horn wort family, dicotyledon)
horsebean, Vicia faba var. equina
horse chestnut tree, common horse chestnut, conker, buckeye, Aesculus hippocastanum
hyacinth, golden hyacinth, Hyacinthus orientalis
hydrangea, wild hydrangea, Hydrangea arborescens

I.
ilama, pink ilama, white ilama, Annona diversifolia 
imbe, Garcinia livingstonei
imbu, Spondias tuberosa
Indian hemp, Cannabis sativa
inga, Inga spp.
iris, blueflag, Iris versicolor
ivory nut palm, Phytelephas macrocarpa
ivy, English ivy, Hedera helix
ivy, poison ivy, rhus tree "natural lacquer", Toxicodendron radicans, Anacardiaceae

J.
jaboticaba, Myrciaria cauliflora
jackfruit, kathal, jaca, Artocarpus heterophyllus
Jamaica cherry, Muntingia calabura
Java plum, jambolan, Syzygium cumini
jelly palm, Butia capitata
Jerusalem artichoke, (girasole articiocca), sunflower artichoke, Helianthus tuberosus
jimson weed, Datura stramonium
jonquil, Narcissus jonquilla
jujube, Chinese jujube, Zizyphus jujuba 
jujube, Indian jujube, Malay jujube, Zizyphus mauritiana
jute, Corchorus capsularis
juniper tree, common juniper, Juniperus communis

K.
Kaffir plum, Harpehyllum caffrum
kamarere, Eucalyptus deglupta
kapok, pochote, Ceiba pentandra
karanda, Carissa carandas
kei apple, Dovyalis caffra 
kelp (large sea weeds, Algae, Phaeophyceae, Laminariales), e.g. Ecklonia
ketemfe, Thaumatococcus danielli
king orange, Citrus nobilis
kitembilla, Dovyalis hebecarpa
kiwi fruit, Actinidia chinensis
kiwi fruit, Actinidia deliciosa
kola nut, Cola acuminata, Cola nitida
koronivia grass, Brachiaria humidicola
kikuyu grass, elphant grass, Pennisetum clandestinum
kudzu, Pueraria montana, var. lobata, (P. lobata)
kumquat, oval kumquat, (nagami),  Fortunella margarita
kumquat, round kumquat, (marumi), Fortunella japonica
kumquat, sweet kumquat, (meiwa), Fortunella crassifolia
kuwini, Mangifera odorata
kurrajong tree, whiteflower kurrajong, Brachychiton populneum
kwaimuk, Artocarpus hypargyreus

L.
lablab bean, Lablab purpureus
laminaria, olive-brown kelp, Japanese kombu, (Brown algae, Phylum Phaeophyta), Laminaria ephemera
langsat, Lansium domesticum
lantana, Lantana camara
larch trees, tamarack, (Conifers Phylum Pinophyta), European larch, Larix decidua
larkspur, delphinium, staves acre, house wort, two lobe larkspur, Delphinium nuttallianum
lavender, Lavandula angustifolia, (L. officinalis, L. vera)
leek, garden leek, Allium porrum
legumes, Tropical grasses and pasture legumes
lemon, Meyer lemon, Citrus limon
lemon (Citrus × limon)
lemon balm, Melissa officinalis
lentil, Lens culinaris
lesser celandine (Ranunculus ficaria)
lesser yam, Dioscorea esculenta
lettuce, Lactuca sativa
leucaena, white leadtree, Leucaena leucocephala
lilac tree, Syringia vulgaris
lily, tiger lily, Lilium lancifolium
lime (fruit), Citrus aurantifolia
lime, thornless lime, Tahiti or Persian lime, Citrus latifolia
lime, Spanish lime, Melicocca bijuga
limeberry, Triphasia trifolia 
linden tree, lime tree, Tilia europaea, (T. cordata X T. platyphyllos)
lingaro, Eleagnus philippensis
longan, kohala, Euphoria longana
loquat, Eriobotrya japonica
lovi-lovi, Flacourtia inermis
liquorice, Glycyrrhiza glabra
lobelias, Lobelia sp., Campanulaceae
loco weed, stagger weed, Astragalus
loganberry, Rubus X loganobaccus, Rosaceae
loofah, sponge gourd, Luffa aegyptiaca
loranthus, mulberry mistletoe, Ramulus loranthis
lotononis, Lotononis bainesii
lotus, sacred lotus, Nelumbo nucifera
love-in-a-mist, Nigella damascena
lucerne, Medicago sativa
lucmo, Pouteria obovata
lupin, lupine, fleshy lupine, Lupinus affinis
lychee, litchi, Litchi chinensis

M.
mabolo, Diospyros blancoi (D. discolor)
macrocystis, bull kelp, giant kelp, (Brown algae, Phylum Phaeophyta, thickens ice cream), Macrocystis pyrifera
macadamia nut, Queensland nut, Macadamia integrifolia
macadamia nut, rough shell, Macadamia tetraphylla
madruno, Rheedia madruno
maidenhair tree, ginkgo, Phylum Ginkgophyta, Ginkgo biloba
maize, corn, sweet corn, Indian corn, Zea mays
malay apple, mountain apple, Syzygium malaccense
male ferns, shield ferns, wood ferns, autumn ferns, southern wood fern, Dryopteris ludoviciana
mallow, common mallow, Malva neglecta
mamey apple, Mammea americana
mamey sapote, Calocarpum sapota, (Pouteria sapota)
mamoncillo, Melicocca bijuga, (Melicoccus bijugatus)
mandarin orange, Citrus reticulata
mandrake, Mandragora officinarum
mangaba, Hancornia speciosa
mango, Mangifera indica
mangosteen, Garcinia mangostana
mangrove, black mangrove, Avicennia germinans
maprang, Bouea macrophylla
marchantia, (Liverwort, Phylum Hepatophyta), Marchantia foliacia
marigold, French marigold, Tagetes patula
marigold, pot marigold, Calendula officinalis
marijuana, Cannabis sativa
marmalade box, Genipa americana
marshmallow, Althaea officinalis,
marsh marigold, cowslip, yellow marsh marigold, Caltha palustris
mastigocladus (thermophilic, lives in hot springs, Blue-green algae, Cyanobacteria), Mastigocladus laminosus
matasano, Casimiroa edulis
may apple, Podophyllum
Maya breadnut, Brosimum alicastrum
meadow sweet, Spirea ulmaria
meyer lemon, Citrus X meyeri
Michaelmas daisy, New England aster, Symphyotrichum novae-angliae
mildew, powdery mildew, (Erysiphales, Phylum Ascomycota, ascomycetes), powdery mildew of grapes, Erysiphe necator
maple, boxelder, sugar maple, Acer saccharum
marrow, squash, kiwano, Cucumis metuliferus
marsilea, (aquatic fern), Marsilea drummondi
melilot, Melilot officinalis
millet, common millet, hog millet, white millet, (white proso millet, birdseed millet), Panicum miliaceum
millet, finger millet, Eleusine coracana
millet, foxtail millet, Setaria italica
millet, pearl millet, Pennisetum glaucum
mint, garden mint, Mentha spicata
miracle fruit, Synsepalum dulcificum
mung bean, green gram bean, Phaseolus aureus
mistletoe, (monotypic genus, parasite), Loranthus europaeus
money wort, creeping jenny, Lysimachia nummularia
molasses grass, Melinis minutiflora
mombin, purple or red mombin, Spondias purpurea
mombin, yellow mombin, Spondias mombin
monstera, Monstera deliciosa
mosquito fern, water fern, floating fern, Azolla pinnata
moss, (Phylum Bryophyta, Musci), e.g. Catharinea, Dawsonia, Funaria, Mnium, Polytrichum, Sphagnum, Stricta
mother-in-law's tongue, snake plant, Sansevieria trifasciata
mulberry, white mulberry, Morus alba
mung bean, green gram bean, Vigna radiata, (Phaseolus aureus)
muntingia, Muntingia calabura
musk grass, stone worts, (submerged aquatic plants, Green algae, Phylum Chlorophyta), Chara tomentosa
mustard, brown Indian mustard, Brassica juncea
mustard, black mustard, table mustard, Brassica nigra
mustard, white mustard, yellow mustard, (mustard and cress sandwich), Sinapsis alba, (Brassica alba, Brassica hirta)
myrobalan, Phyllanthus emblica
myrrh, Commiphora abyssinica
Mysore raspberry, Rubus albescens

N.
nance, Byrsonima crassifolia
namnam, Cynometra cauliflora
naranjilla, Solanum quitoense
nasturtium, "nose twister", Tropaeolum polyphyllum
Natal plum, Carissa grandiflora
natural lacquer Toxicodendron vernicifluum
natural turpentine, Abies balsamea
nauclea, Nauclea esculenta
navicula (boat-shaped diatom, Phylum Bacillariophyta), Navicula tripunctata
nemalion, (Red algae, Phylum Rhodophyta), Nemalion
nereocystis, (giant kelp, Brown algae, Phylum Phaeophyta, thickens ice cream), Nereocystis luetkaena
nettle, stinging nettle, common nettle, Urtica dioica
nigella, devil in the bush, Spanish fennel, black cumin, Nigella sativa
nipa palm, Nypa fruticans
nispero, Manilkara zapota
nitella, Nitella clavata
ngali nut, Canarium
noctiluca, (dinoflagellates Phylum Pyrrophyta), Noctiluca scintillans
nostoc, (Blue-green algae / Cyanobacteria, Phylum Cyanidophyta), Nostoc azollae
nutgrass, flatsedge, Cyperus rotundus
nutmeg, Myristica fragrans

O.
oak trees, English oak, pedunculate oak, Quercus robur
oats, common oat, Avena sativa
ochromonas, (golden / golden brown algae, Phylum Chrysophyta), Ochromonas danica
odontella, (marine diatom, Phylum Bacillariophyta), Odontella
oedogonium, (Green algae, Phylum Chlorophyta, Oedogonium, Oedogonium cardiacum
okra, gumbo, lady's finger, lady finger, Abelmoschus esculentus, (Hibiscus esculentus)
oil of wintergreen, Gaultheria procumbens
oil palm, African oil palm, Elaeis guineensis
olax, Olax stricta
oleander, Nerium oleander
olive, Olea europaea
olosapo, Couepia polyandra
onion, Allium cepa var. cepa
ophiocytium, (Yellow-Green Algae, Phylum Xanthophyta), Ophiocytium apiculatum
opium poppy, Papaver somniferum
orange, sweet orange, Citrus X sinensis
orchid, military orchid, Orchis militaris
Oscillatoria, (Blue-green algae / Cyanobacteria, Phylum Cyanidophyta), Oscillatoria princeps
Otaheite apple, Spondias cytherea
Otaheite gooseberry, Phyllanthus acidus
oxalis, wood sorrel, Oxalis acetosella

P.
padina, (Brown algae, Phylum Phaeophyta), Padina pavonica
Panama berry: Red, Yellow Muntingia calabura
pandorina, (Green algae, Phylum Chlorophyta), Pandorina morum
pangola grass, Digitaria eriantha
pansy,European field pansy, Viola arvensis
para grass, Brachiaria mutica
palms, Family Palmae, monocotyledon, e.g. coconut palm Cocos nucifera, oil palm Elaeis guineensis, betel palm Areca catechu
papaya, pawpaw, Carica papaya
papaya, babaco, (hybrid: C. stipulata X C. pubescens), Carica pentagona
papaya, mountain papaya, Carica pubescens
paperbark tree, Melaleuca alternifolia
paspalum, crown grass, Paspalum hieronymi
para grass, Urochloa mutica
parsley, curly leaf parsley, Petroselinum crispum
parsnip, Pastinaca sativa
passion fruit, passion flower fruit, purple passion fruit, Passiflora edulis
pea, garden pea, table pea, Pisum sativum var. hortense
pea, field pea, (pulse used for dal and green manure), Pisum sativum var. arvense
peach, Prunus persica
peach palm, Bactris gasipaes
peanut, groundnut, Arachis hypogaea
pear, Prunus communis
pejibaye, Bactris gasipaes
pelargonium, Pelargonium capitatum
pellia, (Liverworts, Phylum Hepatophyta), Pellia fabroniana
pennyroyal, Mentha pulegium
peperomia, Peperomia
pepper, capsicum, periwinkle, Vinca major (Catharanthus is also called "periwinkle")
persimmon, Diospyros
persimmon, Japanese or Oriental persimmon, Diospyros kaki
persimmon, seedless, Diospyros virginiana
phasey bean, Macroptilium lathyroides
phlox, Phlox acuminata
pickle fruit, Averrhoa bilimbi
pitcher plant, Sarracenia
pigeon pea, Cajanus cajan
pimento, allspice, Pimenta dioica
pimpernel, "scarlet pimpernel", Anagallis arvensis
pine tree, (Conifers, Phylum Pinophyta, notan angiosperm), Pinus quadrifolia
pineapple, Ananas comosus
pit pit grass, Miscanthus floridulus
pitanga, Eugenia uniflora
pitaya, Cereus spp. (Hylocereus)
pitcher plants, North American pitcher plants, purple pitcher plant, Sarracenia purpurea
pitcher plants, East Indian pitcher plant, Nepenthes mirabilis
pitomba, Eugenia luschnathiana
plantain, Musa hybrids
platycerium (epiphyte) staghorn fern, elkhorn fern, Platycerium Ferns, (Phylum Pteridophyta), Platycerium alcicorne
Pleurococcus, (Protococcus), (algae on bark of trees, most abundant living thing on earth, Phylum Chlorophyta), Pleurococcus vulgaris
pleodorina (aquatic, algal blooms, Green algae, Phylum Chlorophyta), Pleodorina caudata
plicatulum, Paspalum plicatulum
plum, European plum, Prunus domestica
podocarp, plum pines, real yellowwood, kusamaki, mahogany pine, (Conifers, Phylum Pinophyta), Podocarpus comptonii
poinciana, flame of the forest, Delonix regia
poinsettia, Euphorbia pulcherrima
poison ivy, rhus tree "natural lacquer", Toxicodendron radicans, Anacardiaceae
polysiphonia, (Red algae, Phylum Rhodophyta), Polysiphonia,
pomegranate, Punica granatum
pomelo, pumelo, Chinese grapefruit, pamplemousse, shaddock, Citrus maxima
pond apple, Annona glabra
poplar, European poplar, American cottonwood tree, Lombardy poplar, Populus nigra
poppy, opium poppy, Papaver somniferum
porphyra, "nori", laver, (Japanese edible sea weed, Red algae, Phylum Rhodophyta), Porphyra tenera
potato, Irish potato, Solanum tuberosum
prickly cycad, bread tree, white-haired cycad, (Cycad, Phylum Cycadophyta), Encephalartos altensteinii
prickly pear, Opuntia ficus-indica
primrose, common evening primrose, Oenothera biennis
primrose, Primula vulgaris
privet, European common hedge plant, Ligustrum vulgare
psilotum, whisk ferns, fork ferns, (Phylum Psilophyta, but may be true fern Pteridophyta), Psilotum nudum
puero, Pueraria phaseoloides
pulasan, Nephelium mutabile
pummelo, Citrus grandis
pumpkin, field pumpkin, Cucurbita pepo, ("Australian pumpkin", winter squash, Cucurbita maxima)
purslane, Portulaca australis
pyrethrum, Chrysanthemum cinerariaefolium

Q.
Queensland nut, Macadamia integrifolia
quince, Cydonia oblonga
quinine, Cinchona

R.
radish, Raphanus sativus
radish, Raphanus raphanistrum, wild radish, horse radish, radish, herbal medicine, vegetable, Brassicaceae
rafflesia, (the largest flower, plant parasite), Rafflesia arnoldii
rambai, Baccaurea dulcis
rambutan, Nephelia lappaceum
ramontchi, Flacourtia ramontchi
raspberry, red raspberry, Rubus idaeus
raspberry, Mysore raspberry, Rubus albescens
rattle pod, lebbeck, woman's tongues tree, Albizia lebbeck
rattlepod, rattlebox, Crotalaria
red clover, Trifolium pratense
redcurrent, red currant, Ribes rubrum
redwood, coast redwood, california redwood, sequoia, giant sequoia, redwood pine, giant redwood, Sequoia sempervirens
Rhodes grass,(cultivar: Callide), Chloris gayana
rhododendron, Rhododendron ponticum
rhodolith, (corraline red algae, Lithothamnium, Phylum Rhodophyta), Lithophyllum margaritae
rockmelon, Cucumis melo reticulatus
riccia, (floating liverwort, Liverworts), Riccia congoana
rice, Oryza sativa
rockmelon, Cucumis melo reticulatus
rose, dog rose, Rosa canina
rose apple, Syzygium jambos
roselle, rosella, rama, Hibiscus sabdariffa
rowan, mountain ash, wiggentree, witchen, whitebeam, service tree, Sorbus aucuparia
rubber, natural rubber, para rubber, hevea rubber, Hevea brasiliensis
rukam, Flacourtia rukam
rungia, Rungia pectinata
runner bean, scarlet runner bean, Phaseolus coccineus

S.
sabi grass, Urochloa mosambicensis
sago palm, pearl sago, commercial sago, Metroxylon sagus, (Metroxylon rumphii)
Saint John's bread, Ceratonia siliqua
Saint John's wort, Hypericum perforatum
salak palm, Salacca edulis
salix, weeping willow, (Chinese Peking Willow X European White Willow), Salix × sepulcralis
salvinia, giant water fern, (serious water weed), Salvinia molesta
sandalwood, Santalum paniculatum
santol, Sandoricum koetjape
sapodilla, Manilkara zapota
sapota, Sapota, (Sapodilla)
sapote, black sapote, Diospyros digyna, (D. ebenaster)
sapote, green sapote, Calocarpum viride
sapote, mamey sapote, Calocarpum sapota
sapote, South American sapote, Quararibea cordata
sapote, white sapote, Casimiroa edulis, (C. tetrameria)
sapote, yellow sapote, Pouteria campechiana
sargassum, (Brown algae, kelp, Phylum Phaeophyta), Sargassum natans
screwpine, screw pine, pandanas, Pandanus tectorius
screw pine, Pandanus spiralis
sea buckthorn, Hippophae rhamnosides
sea grape, Coccoloba uvifera
sea lettuce, (Green algae, Phylum Chlorophyta), Ulva lactuca
selaginella, spike moss, little club moss, peacock moss, queen of the night, (Club moss, Phylum Lycopodiophyta), Selaginella lepidophylla
senna, Egyptian senna, (herbal medicine), Senna alexandrina
sensitive plant, shameplant, Mimosa pudica
sesame, Sesamum indicum
setaria grass, Setaria anceps
Seville orange, Citrus aurantium
shaddock, Citrus grandis
shepherd's purse, Capsella bursa-pastoris
signal grass, (cultivar: Basilisk), Brachiaria decumbens, (Urochloa decumbens)
silverbeet, chard, Swiss chard, Beta vulgaris
siratro, Macroptilium atropurpureum
sisal, Agave sisalana
skeleton weed, (Chondrilla)
snake gourd, snake bean, New Guinea bean, (not a legume), Trichosanthes cucumerina
snapdragon, common snapdragon, Antirrhinum majus
soap bark tree, Quillaja saponaria
Solomon's seal, Polygonatum, X hybridum
soncoya, Annona purpurea
sorghum, Sorghum bicolor, (Sorghum vulgare)
sour orange, Citrus aurantium
soursop, Annona muricata
soursop, mountain soursop, Annona montana
South American sapote, Quararibea cordata
soybean, soya bean, Glycine max
Spanish lime, Melicocca bijuga
Sphaerella, (Haematococcus, Green algae, Phylum Chlorophyta), Sphaerella platanifolia
spider wort, wandering jew, Tradescantia pallida
spiderflower Cleome
spike moss, Selaginella, spike moss, little club moss, peacock moss, queen of the night, Selaginellaceae, Lycopod, Phylum Lycopodiophyta
spinach, English spinach, Spinacia oleracea
spinfex, (perennial coastal grass), Spinifex longifolius
spirogyra, (spiral chloroplast, Green algae, Phylum Chlorophyta), Spirogyra crassa
spirulina, (edible nutrititous algae), (Blue-green algae / Cyanobacteria, Phylum Cyanidophyta), Spirulina maxima, and Spirulina platensis
spring onion, ramps, wild garlic, ail des bois, Allium tricoccum
spruce, common spruce, Norway spruce, (traditional "Xmas tree"), Picea abies
squash, summer squash, zucchini, Cucurbita pepo
squirting cucumber, Ecballium elaterium
stag horn fern, elkhorn fern, (Ferns, Phylum Pteridophyta), Platycerium bifurcatum
stag's horn club moss, ground pine, (Club moss, Phylum Lycopodiophyta), Lycopodium clavatum
stagger weed, loco weed, Astragalus
star apple, Chrysophyllum cainito
star fruit, carambola, five corners, Averrhoa carambola
stangeria, (Cycad, Phylum Cycadophyta), Stangeria eriopsis
stocks, gillyflower, Mathiola incana
strawberry, Fragaria, x ananassa, (cv.)
soursop, Annona muricata
stonecrop, Sedum, Crassulaceae
stylo, Stylosanthes guyanensis
stylo, Townsville stylo, Stylosanthes humilis
stylo, shrubby stylo, Stylosonthes scabra
sugar-apple, Annona squamosa
sugar-apple, Annona reticulata
sugar-apple, Annona cherimola
sugar cane, Saccharum edule, and Saccharum officinarum
sun dew, sundew, Drosera rotundifolia
sunsapote, Licania platypus
sunn hemp, rattlebox, Crotalaria juncea, Fabaceae
sunflower, Helianthus annuus
Surinam cherry, Eugenia uniflora
swamp taro, Cyrtosperma chamissonis
sweet orange, navel orange, Valencia orange, Citrus sinensis
sweet pea, sweet pea, grass pea, singletary pea, Lathyrus odoratus
sweet potato, kamara, kau kau, Ipomoea batatas
sweetsop, Annona squamosa
sycamore tree, English sycamore, European great maple, Scotland plane tree, Acer pseudoplatanus
sycamore, in Bible, sycamore fig, fig mulberry, Ficus sycomorus
sycamore, American sycamore, Platanus occidentalis

T.
tamarind, Indian date, Tamarindus indica
tangelo, Citrus reticulata X C. grandis
tangerine, Citrus X tangerina
tangerine orange, Citrus reticulata
tangor, Citrus reticulata X C. sinensis
tannia, tana, Chinese taro, Xanthosoma sagittifolium
taro, ordinary taro, common taro, dasheen, Colocasia esculenta, (Arum esculentum, Caladium esculentum, Colocasia antiquorum)
taro, swamp taro, babai, Cyrtosperma chamissonis
taro, Chinese taro, "Kong Kong taro", Tannia, Yautia, "Cocoyam", Xanthosoma sagittifolium
taro, giant taro, wild taro, kape, elephant's ear, Alocasia macrorrhiza
taxus, European yew, Taxus baccata
tea, Camellia sinensis
tea tree, Australian tea tree, Melaleuca alternifolia
tea tree Leptospermum
teak Tectona grandis
Terminalia, (forest tree)
Traveller's palm, Ravenala madagascariensis
tree tomato, Cyphomandra betacea
thale cress, rock cress, mouse ear cress, Arabidopsis thaliana, (the first plant to have its entire genome sequenced), Arabidopsis thaliana
hanging fork fern, hanging rock fern, Tmesipteris parva
tobacco, Nicotiana tabacum
tomato, Solanum lycopersicum, (Lycopersicon esculentum)
tooth wort, (root parasites), Lathraea squamaria
Tradescantia, spider wort
tree tomato, tamarillo, Cyphomandra betacea
tobacco, cultivated tobacco, Nicotiana tabacum
trefoil, bird's foot trefoil, asparagus pea, winged pea, (many clovers, genus Trifolium, are called trefoils: 3 leaflets), Lotus corniculatus
tribonema, (Yellow Green Algae, Phylum Xanthophyta), Tribonema vulgare
tulip, Tulipa gesneriana
tumeric, Curcuma longa
tuna, Opuntia ficus-indica
tung oil tree, Aleurites fordii
turnip, Brassica rapa, var. rapa
turpentine, natural turpentine, Abies balsamea

U.
ulothrix, (Green algae, Phylum Chlorophyta), Ulothrix zonata
uvalha, Eugenia uvalha

V.
valeriant, Valeriana officinalis
vanilla vine, Vanilla planiflora, (V. fragrans)
vaucheria, (Yellow-Green Algae, Phylum Xanthophyta), Vaucheria dispema
vegetable braln, Blighia sapida
velvet apple, Diospyros blancoi, (D. discolor)
velvet tamarlnd, Dialium indum
Venus' fly trap, Venus fly trap, Dionaea muscipula
vervain, blue vervain, (used as an infusion), Verbena officinalis
vetch, European vetch, Vicia disperma
vinca, Vinca minor
violet, field pansy, Viola bicolor
Virginia creeper, woodbine, Parthenocissus tricuspidata
Volvox, (Green algae, Phylum Chlorophyta), Volvox aureus

W.
wallflower, Cheiranthus cheri
walnut, black walnut, Juglans nigra
wampee, wampi, Clausena lansium
watercress, Nasturtium officinale
water apple, Syzygium aqueum
water hyacinth, common water hyacynth, (fast growing aquatic weed, "worst weed in the world"), Eichhornia crassipes
water lily, European water lily, Nymphaea alba
watermelon, camel melon, Citrullus lanatus
water weed, Canadian water weed, Elodea canadensis, (Anacharis), Hydrochariataceae, (tape grass family, monocotyledon)
wattle, black wattle, Acacia concurrens
wax flower, Geralton wax flower, Chamelaucium uncinatum
wax jambu, Syzygium javanicum
West Indian cherry, Malpighia glabra
wheat, (hexaploid bread wheat), Triticum aestivum
wheat, (tetraploid durum wheat), Triticum turgidum var. durum
white bryony, bryony, English mandrake, Bryonia alba
white mustard, (mustard and cress sandwiches), Sinapsis alba, (Brassica alba)
whlte sapote, Casimiroa edulis
whlte sapote, wooly-leaved white sapote, Casimiroa tetrameria
wild cabbage, Brassica oleracea
willow tree, weeping willow, Salix X sepulcralis, (Peking willow Salix babylonica X white willow Salix alba)
wing bean, winged bean, four-angled bean, as bin, Goa bean, Psophocarpus tetrogonolobus
wisteria, wistaria, (climbing legume), Wisteria sinensis
wood avens, Geum urbanum
wood ferns, male fern, buckler fern, Dryopteris filix-mas
wormwood, common wormwood, absinthe wormwood, Artemisia absinthium

Y.
yam, common yam, greater yam, water yam, winged yam, white yam, Guyana arrowroot, ten months yam, name-de-agua, Dioscorea alata, (D. rubella)
yam, aerial yam, wild yam, bulbil yam, potato yam, Dioscorea bulbifera
yam, lesser yam, pan, Dioscorea esculenta
yam, (leaf with 3-5 lobes), Dioscorea pentophylla
yam, (spiny stem), Dioscorea numularia
yam bean, Pachyrrhizus
yangtao, Actinidia chinensis
yard long bean, Vigna unguiculata
yellow sapote, Pouteria campechiana
yellow vetchling, Lathyrus aphaca
yellow vetchling, Lathyrus ochroleucis
yerba mate, Ilex paraguariensis

Z.
zebrina, wandering jew, Tradescantia zebrina, (T. fluminensis, T. pallida), (formerly Zebrina pendula)
zucchini, summer squash, Cucurbita pepo
zygnema, (two stellate chloroplasts, found near Spirogyra, Green algae, Phylum Chlorophyta), Zygnema pectinatum

1.0 Native Australian fruits with potential for development
Based on "Wild Fruits of Australia" by John M. Riley, California Rare Fruit Growers
About 180 fruit and nuts are edible. They are mostly large seeded, tropical trees whose seed may be eaten after they are leached or boiled to remove toxins. Many small fruits have not much potential for development.
1. Antidesma  bunius and A. dallachyanum (Qld) are commonly found as shrubs or small trees with simple, alternate leaves bearing inconspicuous male and female flowers on different plants. The rounded fruits are mostly 6 to l2 mm across, vary in colour from cream to red and purple-black. They have a very acid pulp surrounding a central stone. The fruit are densely borne on the stalk. A. dallachyanum fruit may reach 2 cm across. These plants are tender and suffer damage below 10oC.
2. Austromyrtus dulcis (NSW) is a low straggly, highly ornamental shrub producing one of the best edible native fruits. The young leaves, about 2 cm long, are pink and silky. Its white flowers are borne singly in the leaf axils, and are followed by currant-like fruits that are pale lilac or almost white with darker purple flecks and about 1 cm across. The soft pulp has an aromatic, delicious flavour. The skin is very soft and seeds small, so the whole fruit can be eaten with pleasure. The plant is said to be a prolific fruiting plant, easy to grow from seed.
3. Araucaria bidwillii, "Bunya Nut", (Qld), is a large growing pine valuable as an  ornamental and a timber tree. The Bunya nut is extracted from large cones. Its taste is a  blend of chestnuts and pine nuts. The nuts are pierced and then roasted.
4. Billardiera, “Appleberry" is a genus of about eight species of small evergreen vines bearing edible fruit. The small bell-shaped flowers are inconspicuous, but the fruit is very ornamental. B. longiflora is commonly grown for its blue fruit. Other species are B. scandens with yellow or red berries, B. cymosa with reddish berries, and B. mutabilis. Seed should be germinated at above 13oC.
5. Capparis mitchelli, "Small Native Pomegranate", fruit 2 to 5 cm in diameter and the pulp with an agreeable perfume, is eaten by the aborigines. C. nobilis, "Native Pomegranate, has fruit, 2 to 5 cm in diameter..
6. The native Citrus species are notably different from all other species of citrus, suggesting an isolated and diverging evolution. As ornamentals they have great vigour and unusual fruit and foliage. They represent citrus relatives adapted to unusual soil conditions, extreme drought or rainforest conditions.
Eremocitrus glauca, “Desert Lime", (Qld), is a pronounced xerophyte, growing in dry areas and dropping its leaves under the stress of drought. In the summer it bears heavy crops of rounded yellow fruits 1 to 2 cm broad. Since its rind is soft and less bitter than most members of the citrus group, the fruit makes excellent marmalade.
Microcitrus australasia, "Finger Lime", (Qld, NSW), is one of five subspecies. It produces curious pickle-shaped fruit about 2 cm in diameter and 10 cm long. These can be sliced into rings and preserved. The very acrid pulp has a harsh aftertaste.
Microcitrus australis, "Round Lime", (Qld, NSW), bears fruit the size of a large walnut. The flavour is lemon-like with a harsh aftertaste. Both Microritrus species are very vigorous and good candidates as rootstock for citrus grown in arid lands. Microcitrus garrowayi, (Qld), is a rare species similar to M. australasica. Microcitrus inodora (Qld) is a rainforest species with fruit of good flavour.
7. Davidsonia pruriens, "Davidson’s Plum" (Qld), is one of the best native fruits. Its fruit is blue-black, plum-like, with loose hairs on the surface. The flesh is soft, juicy, purple and contains small, flattened seed with a fibrous coating. The fruit is very acid so is stewed with sugar or made into jam or jelly. It provides a distinctive and  most enjoyable food for anyone who likes a sharp taste in preserves. The plant is striking in form and foliage.
8. Diploglottis australis, "Native Tamarind", (Qld), is a relative of the lychee found in the Australian rain forest. The plant has a crown of very large, pinnate leaves sometimes reaching 60 cm long. The yellow fruit has three rounded lobes each about 1 to 2 cm broad and contains a single seed enclosed in an orange, juicy, jellylike pulp. This is very acid but pleasant and refreshing. A good drink can be made by boiling the fruits with sugar and water. They can also be made into jam. Diploglottis campbellii is very rare and much superior to D. australis. The fruit is a capsule, usually three-lobed. Each lobe is 4 cm in diameter, smooth, hard, and enclosing a single round seed. The pulp, a pleasantly acid, juicy red aril, encloses the single seed.
9. Eugenia species typically have fruit vary from 1 to 6 cm in diameter and are usually round to pear-shaped. The majority have pleasant, crisp or pithy flesh that is sour and aromatic. In some species, the uninteresting fresh fruit develops an excellent flavour when cooked. E. suborbicularis and E. carissoides are the best species. Eugenia smithii, "Lilly Pilly", (Qld, NSW, NT), is grown for its evergreen foliage and showy berries. Fruit is 0.5 to 2 cm in diameter, depressed, globular, edible, and slightly acid. E. operculata is a tree with ovate leaves, 13 to 20 cm long. The edible fruit is pea-like, ripening from dark red to purple.
E. suborbicularis has large, red fruit with a small stone and good flavour.
10. Syzygium coolminianum, "Blue Lilly Pilly", (Qld, NSW), is a shrub or small tree to 18 feet. The 1 cm fruit is edible and of an unusual blue colour. Syzygium luehmannii, "Cherry Alder", (Qld, NSW), is common in rainforests near the beach with edible small, pear-shaped fruits. Syzygium moorei, " Robby'' or Durobby", (NSW), has large, cream-colored fruit to 5 cm. Syzygium paniculatum, "Brush Cherry," is commonly grown as an ornamental so the fruit is not often eaten and no improved fruiting varieties are known.
11. Hicksbeachia pinnatifolia, (Qld, NSW),  is a stunning ornamental relative of the macadamia. It bears large strap leaves up to 60 cm long, growing straight like a palm. Its fruit is bright red and 2 to 3 cm wide. The seed encased in a bony shell is edible, though inferior to the macadamia nut. The bright red rind is said to numb the mouth if bitten into in the mistaken idea that it is a fruit.
12. Macadamia integrifolia, (Qld) is probably the most common species in cultivation. Its leaves usually occur in whorls of three and often it has leaves that have no marginal teeth. M. tetraphylla, (Qld), bears leaves mostly in whorls of four and leaf margins are always toothed. M. ruhelanii, (Qld), is a rainforest tree that resembles the macadamia nut, but its kernel is poisonous and extremely bitter. M. praealta, (Qld, NSW), is a rainforest tree with round fruits, up to 5 cm across, containing one or two nuts with shells thinner than the macadamia nut. Other species are M. ternifolia and M. heyana.
13. Nitraria schoberi, "Karambi", is a dry land shrub that produces fruit the size of an olive, of a red colour and agreeable flavour.
14. Owenia cerasifera, "Queensland Plum", (Qld), is a plant that bears a fine juicy red fruit with a large stone. When eaten fresh it is very acid, but after storage it becomes palatable and refreshing.
15. Schinus molle has fruit about 2 cm in diameter. The skin is rough. The pulp is of a rich crimson colour. The flavour is acid, but enjoyable. The large, rough stone contains several seed.
16. Physalis peruviana, "Cape Gooseberry", is common, and is a weed in some places. The fruit is popular for jams and pies, better when cooked with an equal amount of apple. The fully ripe fruit can be dried into an attractive "raisin." The berry has an inflated papery calyx completely enclosing it. Despite the small size and seediness, the intense flavour recommends this species for annual planting.
17. Pleiogyniam timorense, "Burdekin Plum", (Qld, NSW), is a spreading tree with glossy, pinnate leaves and purple-black fruits 3 to 4 cm broad, like flattened plums. The  flesh around the large, ribbed stone is acid and of reasonable flavour only if completely ripe. They are said to taste like "indifferent Damson plums".
18. Podocarpus elatus, "Brown Pine", (Qld, NSW), is a common rainforest pine but lacking an obvious cone. The round, greenish seed is seated at the apex of a larger fleshy stalk that  resembles a purple-black grape with a waxy bloom. This stalk is edible, but is rather mucilaginous and resinous in flavour. It makes jam or jelly more acceptable than the raw stalks.
19. Psidium guineense, "Guava", has been naturalized in parts of Australia and is regarded as a good fruit. The fruit is said to resemble guajava, but more sour. Germination takes 10 to 12 weeks or longer.
20. Santalum acuminatum, "Sweet Quandong",  is a good eating fruit and nut. Native to the drier parts of Australia, it regularly fruits without supplemental water. The rounded, pendulous fruits, 2 to 3 cm across, change from green to bright red. The firm, fleshy layer surrounding the stone is edible when quite ripe. This stage is usually indicated by the fruits falling to the ground or rattling when shaken. Although the flesh is rather acid, it can be eaten raw, but is more often made into highly prized pies, jams and jellies. The stones are easily removed and the flesh can be dried for later use. The seed is said to also be edible and to contain enough oil to burn like a candle. The seedlings are partially parasitic and are best germinated with a host such as grasses, acacias, or even citrus. A related species, S. album, is grown in India with Zizyphus oenophilia as a host. To germinate Santalum seed, they are cracked in a vice and the kernel removed. The surface is sterilized with sodium hypochlorite, stored in slightly damp vermiculite, and put in a darkened area at 16 to 20oC. However, germination is erratic.
21. Zizyphus oenoplia, (Qld), from the north-ernmost part of Australia, is a spiny, sprawling shrub with black, acid, edible fruit less than 1 cm broad. Z. mauritiana and Z. jujuba are grown in Australia, though not common.