Event Details

Date:
Wednesday, 23 May 2018 - Wednesday, 23 May 2018
Time:
11:00 am - 12:00 pm
Room:
QBI Level 7 Auditorium
UQ Location:
Queensland Brain Institute (St Lucia)
URL:
http://www.qbi.uq.edu.au/neuroscience-seminars
Event category(s):

Event Contact

Name:
Ms Deirdre Wilson
Phone:
3346 6300
Email:
d.wilson5@uq.edu.au
Org. Unit:
Queensland Brain Institute

Event Description

Full Description:
Professor Anthony J Hannan - Florey Institute of Neuroscience and Mental Health, Melbourne Brain Centre, University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC 3010, Australia

Title: 'Gene-environment interactions mediating experience-dependent plasticity in the healthy and diseased brain'

Abstract: We have been investigating how various environmental manipulations selectively alter gene expression, cellular plasticity and associated cognitive processes and behaviours. Huntington’s disease (HD) is one of over 40 tandem repeat disorders and involves a triad of psychiatric, cognitive and motor symptoms. In a transgenic mouse model of HD we have shown that expansion of the tandem repeat encoding a polyglutamine tract of the mutant huntingtin protein leads to a spatiotemporally specific cascade of molecular, cellular and behavioural abnormalities. We have also demonstrated that environmental enrichment can delay onset of the affective, cognitive and motor endophenotypes. Environmental enrichment and physical exercise induce changes in gene expression, which exhibit temporal specificity and regional selectivity. These findings have been extended to additional environmental factors (e.g. stress), pharmacological interventions and mouse models of other brain disorders, including schizophrenia and autism spectrum disorders. These approaches may also facilitate the development of 'enviromimetics' for a variety of brain disorders known to be modulated by environmental stimuli. We have also explored the transgenerational effects of paternal environmental exposures. Our findings reveal significant experience-dependent effects on offspring via transgenerational epigenetic inheritance, which occurs via epigenetic modifications in the sperm of the fathers. We are exploring the impact of specific environmental factors, including stress and exercise, and the relevance of these discoveries in mice to human transgenerational epigenetics. Our findings, and their relevance to the proposed transgenerational inheritance of increased predisposition to various brain disorders, have major public health implications.

Directions to UQ

Google Map:
Directions:
To St Lucia Campus, UQ Ipswich, and UQ Gatton.

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