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|2001 ||Bullejos Martin, M., Bowles, J. and Koopman, P. A. (2001) Searching for missing pieces of the sex-determination puzzle. Journal of Experimental Zoology, 290 5: 517-522.|
Little is known of the mechanisms whereby the mammalian indifferent gonad develops into a testis or ovary. In XY individuals, Sry, the mammalian testis-determining gene, is expressed in the pre-Sertoli cells, which then differentiate into Sertoli cells. Other cell types, which include the germ cells, the steroidogenic cells and the connective tissue cells, must then be instructed to develop in a male-specific manner. Although some genes involved in sex-determination and differentiation processes have been identified, we know little of how they interact and cooperate to orchestrate the development of a testis or ovary. We have initiated an expression-screening program designed to identify additional genes, known or novel, which play a role in these processes. This approach is based on our belief that many of the genes we seek will be expressed in a sex-specific manner during the period of sex-determination and differentiation. Most of the genes identified previously are transcription factors and so we aim, in particular, to find genes involved in cell-to-cell communication, signal transduction, and transcriptional regulation, downstream of the differentiation of Sertoli cells. We have used a suppression subtractive-hybridization method to generate male- and female-enriched probes and libraries. Clones are validated as being sex-specific in their expression patterns by array screening and in situ hybridization. Here we report on our progress to date and the general applicability of the approach for studies in other systems. J. Exp. Zool. 290:517-522, 2001. (C) 2001 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
| Dr Josephine Bowles, Professor Peter Koopman|
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|Keywords: ||Determining Region, Gene, Sry, Dna, Suppression, Expression, Protein, Mice|