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|2001 ||Murdoch, B. E., Goozee, J. V., Stokes, P. D. and Theodoros, D. G. (2001). Quantitative analysis of the speed and accuracy of tongue movements in dysarthria subsequent to traumatic brain injury using electromagnetic articulography. In: , International Journal of Neuroscience: Abstracts of the Seventeenth International Australasian Winter Conference on Brain Research Queenstown New Zealand August 1999. Seventeenth International Australasian Winter Conference on Brain Research, Queenstown, New Zealand, (218-219). August 1999.|
It has been recognised that in order to study the displacement, timing and co-ordination of articulatory components (i.e., tongue. lips, jaw) in speech production it is desirable to obtain high-resolution movement data on multiple structures inside and outside the vocal tract. Until recently, with the exception of X-ray techniques such as cineradiography, the study 0. speech movements has been hindered by the inaccessibility of the oral cavity during speech. X-ray techniques are generally not used because of unacceptable radiation exposure. The aim of the present study was to demonstrate the use of a new physiological device, the electromagnetic articulograph, for assessing articulatory dysfunction subsequent to traumatic brain injury. The components of the device together with the measuring principle are described and data collected from a single case presented. A 19 year-old male who exhibited dysarthria subsequent to a traumatic brain injury was fitted wit 2 the electromagnetic articulograph (Carstens AG-100) and a kinematic analysis of his tongue movements during production of the lingual consonants it, s, k/ within single syllable words was performed. Examination of kinematic parameters including movemmt trajectories, velocity, and acceleration revealed differences in the speed and accuracy of his tongue movements compared to those produced by a non-neurologically impaired adult male. It was concluded that the articulograph is a useful device for diagnosing speed and accuracy disorders in tongue movements during speech and that the device has potential for incorporation into physiologically based rehabilitation programs as a real-time biofeedback instrument.
| Professor Deborah Theodoros, Professor Bruce Murdoch|
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