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|2002 ||Zhu, HY, Ding, Z, Lu, CQ and Lu, GQ (2002) Molecular engineered porous clays using surfactants. Applied Clay Science, 20 4-5: 165-175.|
Quaternary ammonium surfactants were used to control the pore structure of bentonite intercalated with a mixed hydro-sol of silicon and titanium. Porous clay heterostructures of alumina and laponite were prepared in the presence of polyethylene oxide (PEO) surfactants. Participation of the surfactants in the synthesis results in significant changes in the structure of porous clay products. Surfactants are involved in different mechanisms, In the case of bentonite, the mean size of the framework pores was directly proportional to the chain length of the quaternary ammonium surfactants. This indicates a molecular templating mechanism, similar to that observed in the synthesis of MCM41. However, in the case of laponite, the size and volume of the mesopores were related to the amount of PEO surfactants used. By using an appropriate surfactant, we can obtain highly porous clays with various pore structures. Introducing surfactants during intercalation is an efficient strategy for the molecular engineering of porous clay adsorbents and catalysts. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
|Mr Chaoqing Lu, Professor Max Lu|
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|Keywords: ||Mineralogy, Surfactants, Porous Clays, Templated Synthesis, Model Mesoporous Adsorbent, Montmorillonite, Particles, Mcm-41, Physisorption, Nitrogen, Alumina, Oxygen|