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|2007 ||Pantelic, R., Ericksson, G. B., Hamilton, N. and Hankamer, B. (2007) Bilateral edge filter: Photometrically weighted, discontinuity based edge detection. Journal of Structural Biology, 160 1: 93-102.|
Edge-detection algorithms have the potential to play an increasingly important role both in single particle analysis (for the detection of randomly oriented particles), and in tomography (for the segmentation of 3D volumes). However, the majority of traditional linear filters are significantly affected by noise as well as artefacts, and offer limited selectivity. The Bilateral edge filter presented here is an adaptation of the Bilateral filter [Jiang, W., Baker, M.L., Wu, Q., Bajaj, C., Chiu, W., 2003. Applications of a bilateral denoising filter in biological electron microscopy. J. Struct. Biol. 144, 114-122] designed for enhanced edge detection. It uses photometric weighting to identify significant discontinuities (representing edges), minimizing artefacts and noise. Compared with common edge-detectors (LoG, Marr-Hildreth) the Bilateral edge filter yielded significantly better results. Indeed data was of a similar quality to that of the Canny edge-detector, which is considered as a leading standard in edge detection [Basu, M., 2002. Gaussian-based edge-detection methods-a survey. IEEE Trans. Syst. Man Cybern. C Appl. Rev. 32, 252-260]. Compared to the Canny edge-detector the Bilateral edge-detector has the advantages that it only requires the adjustment of a single parameter, is theoretically faster for reasonably sized images, and can be used in selective contrast enhancement of images. The simplicity and speed of the filter for single particle and tomographic analysis are discussed.
| Dr Nicholas Hamilton, Professor Ben Hankamer|
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|Links: ||Journal web site|
|Keywords: ||Asymmetric, Contour tracing, Contrast enhancement, Cryo-electron microscopy, Edge detection, Electron cryo-microscopy, Electron microscopy, Feature extraction, Filter, Noise, Single particle analysis, Tomography|