<< Back to Publication List
|2008 ||Friend, Lexie R., Han, Siew Ping, Rothnagel, Joseph A. and Smith, Ross (2008) Differential subnuclear localisation of hnRNPs A/B is dependent on transcription and cell cycle stage. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Cell Research, 1783 10: 1972-1980.|
The heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoproteins A1, A2/B1 and A3 (hnRNPs A/B) are involved in many nuclear functions that are confined to distinct regions within the nucleus. To characterise and compare the distribution of the hnRNPs A/B in these subnuclear compartments, their colocalisation with spliceosomal components, nascent transcripts and other nuclear markers in HeLa cells was investigated by immunostaining and transfection of GFP constructs. The mechanisms of this localisation were further explored by treating cells with detergent, nucleases and transcription inhibitors. We have also examined the dynamics of A2/B1 throughout the cell cycle. Our results show that hnRNPs A/B have different subnuclear localisations, with A1 differentially localised to the nuclear envelope, and A2/B1 and A3 enriched around nucleoli. This pattern of distribution was dependent on RNA integrity and active transcription. The hnRNPs A/B preferentially colocalised with a subset of splicing factors. Significantly, only rarely did transcription factories colocalise with high levels of these hnRNPs. Moreover, localisation of A2/B1 changed with cell cycle stage. Our findings show that the subnuclear localisation of the hnRNPs A/B is differentially, spatially and temporally regulated, and suggest that this localisation may be relevant to their nuclear functions.
| Dr Lexie Friend, Miss Siew Ping Han, Associate Professor Joe Rothnagel, Professor Ross Smith|
|eSpace Record: |
| || |
|Links: ||Article DOI - full text from publisher|
|Keywords: ||hnRNP A/B, Spliceosome, Splicing Factor, Transcription inhibition, Immunoprecipitation, Cell cycle|