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|2004 ||Mori, T, Wang, YR, Drennan, J, Auchterlonie, G, Li, JG and Ikegami, T (2004) Influence of particle morphology on nanostructural feature and conducting property in Sm-doped CeO2 sintered body. Solid State Ionics, 175 1-4: 641-649.|
Doped ceria (CeO2,) compounds are fluorite type oxides, which show oxide ionic conductivity higher than yttria stabilized zirconia (YSZ), in oxidizing atmospheres. As a consequence of this, considerable interest has been shown in application of these materials for 'low (500-650 degreesC)' or 'intermediate (650-800 degreesC)' temperature operation, solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs). In this study, the authors prepared two kinds of nanosize Sm-doped CeO2 particles with different morphologies: one type was round and the other was elongated. Processing these powders with different morphology produced dense materials with very different ionic conducting properties and different nanoscale microstructures. Since both particles are very fine and well dispersed, sintered bodies with high density (relative density >95% of theoretical) could be prepared using both types of powder particles. The electrical conductivity of sintered bodies prepared from these powders with different starting morphologies was very different. Materials prepared from particles having a round shape were much higher than those produced using powders with an elongated morphology. Measured activation energies of the corresponding sintered samples showed a similar trend; round particles (60 kJ/mol), elongated particles (74 kJ/mol). While X-ray diffraction (XRD) profiles of these sintered materials were identical, diffuse scatter was observed in the back.-round of selected area electron diffraction pattern recorded from both sintered bodies. This indicated an underlying structure that appeared to have been influenced by the processing technology. Detailed observation using high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM) revealed that the size of microdomain with ordering of cations in the sintered body made from round shape particles was much smaller than that of the sintered body made from elongated particles. Accordingly, it is concluded that the morphology of doped CeO2 powders strongly i...
| Mr Graeme Auchterlonie, Professor John Drennan|
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|Links: ||Link to Full Text (DOI)|
|Keywords: ||Chemistry, Physical, Physics, Condensed Matter, Nanostructure, Microdomain, Doped Ceria, Diffuse Scatter, Solid Electrolyte, Oxide Fuel-cells, Solid-electrolyte, Nanocrystalline Ceria, Ionic-conductivity, Ceo2-sm2o3 System, Sofc Electrolyte, Gas Sensors, Microstructures, Oxidation, Calcia|