There is overall structural repetition, repetition arising from an inability to come to the point, and repetition of words, phrases and sentences.
Structural repetition may be unavoidable: for example, you may need to repeat aspects of your methodology with each group of results. Structural repetition may even be necessary: for example, if you are applying the same analytical framework to different texts, you may need to preserve the same structure to be able to extract the common themes. However, structural repetition may not be serving any purpose and could be disguising similarities and differences in what you are discussing. This is a common problem in any comparison. You need to find the evaluative criteria which are the object of the comparison and then structure your writing around these. Use structural patterns to your advantage to emphasise your point. Often it is only by doing this and seeing what relationships different structures expose, that you fully realise the implications of your analysis. It is only through comparing and contrasting methods, models, and ways of approaching things that you can see the relative strengths and weaknesses of each; that you can see their potential applications and implications.
Not Coming to the Point
Repetition which stems from going around and around the point and never closing in on it is solved by:
Sometimes trying to re-work what you've done or adding another explanatory sentence will fail to achieve any more than yet another turn around the general area.
Talking it through with someone else or talking yourself through it will sometimes achieve clarity:
So, what I want to say here is x. I have two points to make. I will first tackle A because it will lead me to B. Once I have done this, I can go on to discuss the implications of both A and B on C. I can link to my next point by showing that C will ..etc.Repetition of Words, Phrases and Sentences
Perhaps the repetition of whole sentences is a consequence of
using a computer and the cutting and pasting function. In the
most extreme cases, in some theses we read the identical sentences
in the Abstract, Introduction, Discussion and Conclusion. Each
section deserves to be thought through in its own terms. You
may have to search deliberately for different ways of expressing
yourself. The writing of the different sections may have spanned
months. But the reading will be done in a short time only and
the repetition begins to strike a negative note.
"In other words", "Put another way".
|Revising and editing.|
|Working on a section.|
|What style of writing is expected?|
|The use of personal pronouns.|
|Active vs passive voice.|
|The use of tenses.|