It takes time for a group of individuals to become a team, so start work early and have regular meetings. There are several stages that groups typically go through:
Characterised by uncertainty about roles, other group members, and task requirements. Often people are particularly polite and aim to avoid any conflict.
An unsettled phase that is usually characterised by the group struggling. Struggles can eventuate due to task requirements, conflicts between individuals or sub-groups arising from both task and interpersonal issues.
The phase whereby the group begins to harmonise as norms for the group’s functioning emerge and develop. Conflicts are reconciled and mutual support develops.
Characterised by the group organising itself to best meet the needs of the common task and starting to produce results.
The phase whereby the project draws to a close. There may be a sense of loss and anxiety about having to break up.