The Australian code for the care and use of animals for scientific purposes promotes the ethical, humane and responsible use of animals for scientific purposes. Sections 1.18-1.30 of the Code explain how to apply the 3Rs at all stages of your project and are a must-read for all UQ staff and students that use animals for scientific purposes.

Consideration of the 3Rs will improve experimental design and consequently the quality of research publications. The ARRIVE (Animal Research:  Reporting of In Vivo Experiments) Guidelines share many points with the 3Rs for designing research projects.   

There are a wealth of electronic resources available to UQ staff and students with suggestions for applying the 3Rs to projects. Animal Ethics Committees appreciate the use of these resources when preparing animal ethics applications. The National Centre for the Replacement, Refinement and Reduction of Animals in Research (NC3Rs) is one that addresses all 3Rs.  Refer to the links below for further information on each of the 3Rs.


Reduction in the number of animals used

The number of animals used in a project must be the minimum necessary to achieve the proposed aim(s) and to satisfy good statistical design.  However, reducing the number of animals used should not result in greater harm, including pain and distress, to the animals used. 

Please use the following links to help reduce the number of animals used in research and teaching projects:

Refinement of techniques or procedures to minimise adverse impacts on animals

The effectiveness of strategies for supporting and safeguarding animal wellbeing is vital, and must also be kept under review for the lifetime of project activities.  

Refer to the following links that provide best practice methods for commonly used procedures, and methods for minimising pain and stress in animals used for scientific purposes:

Refer to the Training page on the Animal Ethics Unit website to ensure you are appropriately trained before commencing work with animals. 

Go to top