Event Details

Date:
Wednesday, 04 October 2017 - Wednesday, 04 October 2017
Time:
11:00 am - 12:00 pm
Room:
QBI Level 7 Auditorium
UQ Location:
Queensland Brain Institute (St Lucia)
URL:
http://www.qbi.uq.edu.au/neuroscience-seminars
Event category(s):

Event Contact

Name:
Ms Deirdre Wilson
Phone:
3346 6300
Email:
d.wilson5@uq.edu.au
Org. Unit:
Queensland Brain Institute

Event Description

Full Description:
Professor John McGrath - Queensland Brain Institute, University of Queensland, Australia, and Niels Bohr Professor, Aarhus University, Denmark

Title: 'Convergent evidence implicates vitamin D deficiency and voltage-gated calcium channel function in schizophrenia”

Abstract:
Variants in voltage-gated calcium channels (VGCCs) have been linked to risk of schizophrenia, as has prenatal vitamin D deficiency, known to be important in calcium homeostasis. In this talk I will provide a summary of recent research done in collaboration with colleagues at QBI and in Denmark that has investigated a mechanism that links these independent observations. We measured 25 hydroxyvitamin D in neonatal dried blood spots (n = 2602), and found that those in the lowest quintile of 25OHD concentration had a relative risk of schizophrenia of 1.44 (95%CI: 1.12-1.85) compared to the reference quintile. Using molecular, functional imaging and electrophysiological approaches, we demonstrate that the active form of vitamin D (1,25 dihydroxyvitamin D) induces rapid, non-genomic effects on calcium regulation in developing cortical neurons and brain.
These include increased surface expression of L-type VGCCs in primary cortical neurons, and rapid-onset enhanced calcium influx in a subset of prefrontal cortex cortical neurons. Our findings provide convergent evidence that these epidemiological and genetic risk factors may operate via shared biological pathways.

Directions to UQ

Google Map:
Directions:
To St Lucia Campus, UQ Ipswich, and UQ Gatton.

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