According the Australian Government Health Information website, a chronic disease is an illness characterised by:

-         complex causality,
-         multiple risk factors
-         a prolonged course of illness, and
-         functional impairment of disability
 
Some chronic diseases can be immediately life-threatening, such as stroke or heart attack, while others persist over time. Because most chronic diseases are generally not cured completely there can be significant costs in terms of lost potential and illness management.
 
Find out more information about commonly occuring chronic illnesses here. Click on the links below to jump to a specific illness.

Asthma

Cancer

Heart Disease

Stroke

Type 2 Diabetes

Asthma

Asthma is a reversible narrowing of the airways in the lungs. Symptoms include wheezing, coughing (particularly at night), chest tightness, difficulty in breathing and shortness of breath.

Asthma is a treatable health condition. Although at present there is no cure, with good management, people with asthma can lead normal, active lives. You can see the full definition of Asthma from the Asthma Management Guide Book here.

For more information about living with Asthma:

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Cancer

Cancer is a diverse range of diseases where abnormal cells rapidly grow and spread in an uncontrolled way throughout the body. Cancers grow and spread in different ways and rates depending on the Cancer type.

Your state or territory cancer council provides a confidential service where you can talk about your concerns or questions about cancer with specially trained staff. The staff can send you written information and put you in touch with services in your local area.

Cancer Council Helpline 13 11 20

For more information about Cancer:

Prostate Cancer

Breast Cancer 

Bowel Cancer

Skin Cancer

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Heart Disease

A healthy heart is a requirement for good health. Your heart is a muscle that pumps blood to all parts of your body. The blood provides your body with the nutrients and oxgyen you need to function. Unfortunately, there are a number of diseases and conditions that can affect your heart and blood vessels.

For more information about Heart Diseases:

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Stroke

Stroke occurs when blood supply to part of the brain suddenly restricted or ceases. This can damage the part of the brain causing impairment to a range of functions, including movement and communication.

For more information about stroke:

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Type 2 Diabetes

Diabetes is a condition where the body cannot maintain normal blood glucose levels. Currently Type 2 Diabetes is the most common form of the disease in Australia. Risks that contribute to developing Type 2 Diabetes can include an inactive lifestyle, carrying excess weight around the abdomen, family history of the illness as well as high cholesterol and high blood pressure. It is important this disease is diagnosed and treated early. 

For more information about Type 2 Diabetes:

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The following additional information is available: