School Science Lessons
2017-11-01 MF
Please send comments to: J.Elfick@uq.edu.au

Part 4. Chemistry websites
Chemistry
Table of contents
Aa to Ac.
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Ad to Az
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B.
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Ca to Ch
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Ci to Cy
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D
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E
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F
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G
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H

IJK

L
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M
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N
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O
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P
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Q
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R
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S
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T
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U
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V
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W
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XYZ


Acid-base: Acid-base indicators
Appendix B: Biology chemicals.
Appendix C: Chemistry safety.
Appendix D: Polymers and plastics
Appendix E: Common chemicals, low-cost chemicals.
Appendix F: Alkaloids.
Appendix G: Phytochemicals.
9.0 Prefixes and suffixes, chemistry
Prepare: Prepare, Reactions of:
Table 1: Periodic table.
Table 2: Table of the elements.
Tests 2: Tests for all substances, Tests for gases and vapours.
UNChem1: Boiling point, Decomposition reactions, Heat substances, Melting point, Separate substances from mixtures
Solubility and solutions.
UNChem1a: Carbon dioxide.
UNChem1b: Ammonia.
UNChem2a: Gases, matter as particles
UNChem2b: Breakdown large molecules to small molecules, Energy from chemical reactions, Fats in food, Heat energy from chemical
reactions, Rate of reaction, Reactions of salts with water.

9.0 Prefixes and suffixes, chemistry
Alkane, R-CH3 Prefix: methyl-, Suffix: -ane, (paraffins, saturated hydrocarbons)
Alkanes: methane, ethane, propane, butane, pentane, hexane, heptane, octane, nonane . . .
Alkene R1R2C=CR3R4, (double CC bond =), Prefix: alkenyl-, Suffix: -ene, (no principal functional group), (olefins. olefines),
CnH2n, e.g. ethylene, ethene C2H4
Alkyne R1-C=_CR2, (triple CC bond =_), Prefix: alkynl-, Suffix: -yne, (no principal functional group), (acetylenes)
Alkyl, R-, e.g. methyl, ethyl
Amyl group: C5H11, only as suffix
-ate suffix, See: 9.1
Azide X-N3, Prefix: azido-
Azo (group) N=N
Azo compounds RN=N-R', where R = alkyl group, e.g. methyl, ethyl, and R' = aryl, e.g. phenyl C6H5-
Azo nitrile RC=N cyano-
Azo pyridyl RC5H4N-
Benzyl group RCH2C6H5-
Bromide, X-Br, Prefix: bromo-
Butane, C4H10, butyl C4H9-, Stem name: but-
-C=O: ketone, organic compound containing the group, only as suffix
Carbonyl group (C=O)
Chloride X-Cl, Prefix: chloro-
cis: on same side
Ethane, C2H6, ethyl C2H5-, Stem name: eth-
"flowers" of a metal: oxide of the metal
Fluoride X-F, Prefix: fluoro-
Glyco-: Sugar attached
Heptane, C7H16, heptyl C7H15, Stem name: hept-
Hexane, C6H14, hexyl C6H13, Stem name: hex-
-ide suffix, See: 9.1
imide. amide group: CONH2, only as suffix
imine primary RC(=NH) imino-, -imine
imine secondary RCH=NR imino-, -imine
-ine: 1. organic base, 2. amino acid, 3. halogen element, only as suffix
iodide X-I, Prefix: iodo-
isocyanate RNCS
-ite suffix, See: 9.1
-ium: Suffix: metals or groups with metal-like properties, e.g. ammonium, only as suffix
-lysis: Breaking down, decomposition, only as suffix
Methane, CH4, methyl CH3-, Stem name: meth-
muriate of a metal: chloride of the metal
NH: imine, a compound of =NH is an imino, only as suffix
-NH2: amine group, a compound of -NH2 is amino, amide, only as suffix
Nitrile X-CN, Prefix: cyano-, Suffix: -nitrile
Nitroso X-NO, Prefix: nitroso-
Nitro X-NO2, Prefix: nitro-
Octane, C8H18, octyl C8H17, Stem name: oct-
Ortho-: Regular form.
Para-: Alongside, beyond, near, contrary to
Pentane, C5H12, pentyl C5H11-, Stem name: pent-
Phenol: organic compounds with functional group -OH, but attached to aromatic ring
Phenol X-C6H4-OH, Prefix: hydroxy, Suffix: -ol
Phenyl group RC6H5
Primary amine: RNH2 amino-, -amine amines
Propane, C3H8, propyl C3H7-, Stem name: prop-
Secondary amine: RNHR, amino-, -amine amines
Sulfide X-SR, Prefix: R-thio-
Sulfonic acid X-SO2-OH, Prefix: sulfo-, Suffix: -sulfonic acid
Tertiary amine: RNRR, amino-, -amine
Thio-: A prefix used when one atom is replaced by a sulfur atom
Thiol sulfhydryl group RSH, only as prefixes
Thiol X-SH, Prefix: mercapto, Suffix: -thiol
trans: on opposite sides
trans fatty acid: fatty acid formed as a result of hydrogenation